Hackney (parish)

Hackney was a parish in the ancient county of Middlesex. The parish church of St John-at-Hackney, was built in 1789, replacing the nearby former 16th century parish church dedicated to St Augustine (pulled down in 1798). The original tower of that church was retained to hold the bells until the new church could be strengthened; the bells were finally removed to the new St John's in 1854. See details of other, more modern, churches within the original parish boundaries below.

Ancient parish

The vestry of the parish, in common with all parishes in England, was entrusted with various administrative functions from the 17th century. The parish vestry administered the Poor Law until 1837, it became part of the Poor Law Union of Hackney. The ecclesiastical and civil roles of the parish increasingly diverged, and by the early nineteenth century they covered different areas.

Civil parish

A distinct civil parish dates from 1855, with the incorporation of "The Vestry of the Parish of Hackney in the County of Middlesex" by section 42 of the Metropolis Management Act, part of the "Hackney District Board of Works" within the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works. In 1894, the District Board was dissolved with the Hackney vestry taking on its duties.

In 1889 Hackney was included in the new County of London, and in 1900 the vestry was dissolved with the parish becoming the Metropolitan Borough of Hackney. The civil parish was abolished when the borough became part of the London Borough of Hackney in 1965.

The boundaries of the civil parish were identical to the ancient parish, and it covered convert|3289|acre|km2|1. The populations recorded in National Censuses were:

Hackney St John's Vestry 1801-1899

Ecclesiastical parish subdivided

The ancient parish, dedicated to St John the Baptist, was in the Diocese of London. From 1825, as the population of Hackney increased, a number of new ecclesiastical parishes were carved out of the ancient parish. This did not affect the local government arrangements:
* South Hackney and West Hackney in 1825 (the remainder now being known as Hackney St. John). Each of these parishes was subsequently subdivided.
* Stamford Hill in 1828
* Dalston in 1844
* Homerton in 1846
* Clapton in 1855
* Clapton Park in 1873

External links

* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=22709 Hackney Local Government]
* [http://www.oldtowns.co.uk/Middlesex/hackney.htm Description of Hackney Parish in 1839]
* [http://homepages.gold.ac.uk/genuki/MDX/Hackney/HackneyHistory.html Description of Hackney Parish in 1868]
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=22712 Hackney Churches]


* "Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England", Vol.1, Frederic Youngs, London, 1979

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