- Game designer
A "game designer" is a person who designs
video games, or one who designs traditional games such as board games.
Video Games Designer
A video game designer develops the layout, concept and
gameplayof a video game. This may include playfield design, specification writing, and entry of numeric properties that balance and tune the gameplay. A game designer works for a developer (which may additionally be the game's video game publisher).
This person usually has a lot of writing experience and may even have a degree in writing or a related field (such as English). This person's primary job function is writing, so the more experience they have with that activity, the better. Some art and programming skills are also helpful for this job, but are not strictly necessary. In addition game designers often study relevant liberal arts such as
psychology, sociology, drama, fine artor philosophy. Due to the increasing complexity of the game design process, many young game designers may also come from a computer scienceor other computer engineering background.
In larger companies entry level game designers will typically be given simpler tasks such as level design and object placement, while the role of lead designer will be reserved for a designer with more experience and a history of successful titles. Fact|date=February 2007
The first video games were designed in the 1960s and 1970s by programmers for whom creating games was a
hobby, since there was no way to sell them or earn money from creating games (the games required large mainframe computers to play). Some were designed by electrical engineers as exhibits for visitors to computer labs (" OXO", " Tennis for Two"), others by college students who wrote games for their friends to play (" Spacewar!", "Star Trek", "Dungeon").
Some of the games designed during this era, such as "
Zork", "Baseball", " Air Warrior" and "Adventure" later made the transition with their game designers into the early video game industry.
Early in the history of video games, game designers were often the
lead programmeror the "only" programmer for a game, and this remained true as the video game industry dawned in the 1970s. This person also sometimes comprised the entire art team. This is the case of such noted designers as Sid Meier, Chris Sawyerand Will Wright. A notable exception to this policy was Coleco, which from its very start separated the function of design and programming.
As games became more complex and computers and consoles became more powerful (allowing more features), the job of the game designer became a separate job function, with the lead programmer splitting his time between the two functions, moving from one role to the other. Later, game complexity escalated to the point where it required someone who concentrated solely on game design. Many early veterans chose the game design path eschewing programming and delegating those tasks to others.
Today, it is rare to find a video or computer game where the principal programmer is also the principal designer, except in the case of
casual games, such as " Tetris" or " Bejeweled". With very complex games, such as MMORPGs, or a big budget action or sports title, designers may number in the dozens. In these cases, there are generally one or two principal designers and many junior designers who specify subsets or subsystems of the game. In larger companies like Electronic Arts, each aspect of the game (control, level design or vehicles) may have a separate producer, lead designer and several general designers.
List of video game designers
List of designers of role-playing games
* [http://www.gamespot.com/features/6129276/index.html "So You Wanna Be a Game Designer"] at "
* [http://www.eurocom.co.uk/content/view/102/81/ The Designer] at
* [http://groups.google.com/groups?hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&group=comp.games.development.design comp.games.development.design via Google Groups]
* [http://groups.google.com/groups?hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&group=rec.games.design rec.games.design via Google Groups]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Game Designer — Le game designer (anglicisme pour concepteur de jeux ) est un des métiers de l industrie du jeu vidéo. Il s agit de la personne qui conçoit un jeu, qui en fait le game design. Ce terme est né en 1994 de la nécessité de formaliser ce métier. Le… … Wikipédia en Français
Game Designer — Ein Game Designer ist eine Person, die Spiele entwickelt. Sie erschafft die Regeln und Strukturen eines Spieles. Dies umfasst alle Kategorien des Spiels, von Computerspielen über Tabletop Spiele hin zu Brett oder Kartenspiele. Ein Game Designer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Game-Designer — Ein Spieleentwickler ist eine Person oder Firma, die sich mit der Entwicklung von Computerspielen beschäftigt (im Gegensatz zu Spieleautoren, die bspw. Gesellschaftsspiele entwerfen). Unternehmen, die Computerspiele entwickeln, werden auch… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Game Designer Association — Die Spieleautorenzunft (SAZ) ist mit über 400 Mitgliedern die weltweit größte Interessenvertretung für Spieleautoren. International firmiert die SAZ unter dem Namen „Game Designer Association“. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ziele 2 Aktivitäten 3 Vorstand… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Takashi Iizuka (game designer) — Takashi Iizuka is a Japanese game producer, game director, game designer, level designer, scenario writer and key Sonic Team member.Early careerHis first collabaration with Sega involved working with STI on Sonic 3 and Knuckles as a senior… … Wikipedia
Will Wright (game designer) — Infobox Person name=Will Wright image size=215px caption=Will Wright speaking at South by Southwest in 2007 birth date=birth date and age|1960|1|20 birth place=Atlanta, Georgia death date= death place= religion=None occupation=Game designer… … Wikipedia
Chris Taylor (game designer) — This article is about the designer of Dungeon Siege and Total Annihilation. For the designer of Fallout, see Christopher Taylor (game designer). Chris Taylor Born British Columbia … Wikipedia
David Cook (game designer) — David Cook Born East Lansing, Michigan Nationality American Other names David Zeb Cook[ … Wikipedia
Steve Peters (game designer) — Infobox Writer name = Steve Peters caption = Steve Peters in Paris (2008) birthdate = 1961 birthplace = Los Angeles, California, United States deathdate = deathplace = occupation = Alternate Reality Game Designer influences = influenced =Steve… … Wikipedia
Chris Senn (video game designer) — For the professional skateboarder, see Chris Senn (skateboarder). Christian G. Senn ( Chris Senn) is a video game designer perhaps best known for his work on Sonic X Treme, the unfinished Sega Saturn game, during his stay at the Sega Technical… … Wikipedia