The Sound of Music
name= The Sound of Music
caption= Original Cast Recording
Oscar Hammerstein II
Maria Augusta Trapp
Maria von Trapp's autobiography
The Story of the Trapp Family Singers"
productions= 1959 Broadway
1961 West End
1981 West End revival
1998 Broadway revival
2006 West End revival
Tony Award for Best Musical
"The Sound of Music" is a musical with music by
Richard Rodgers, lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II, and a book by Howard Lindsayand Russel Crouse. It is based on the memoir of Maria von Trapp, " The Story of the Trapp Family Singers". Songs from the musical that have become standards include "The Sound of Music", "Edelweiss", "My Favorite Things", " Climb Ev'ry Mountain", and " Do-Re-Mi".
The original Broadway production opened in November 1959, and the show has enjoyed numerous productions and revivals since then. It has also been made into an
Academy Award-winning 1965 movie musical. "The Sound of Music" was the final musical written by Rodgers and Hammerstein; Hammerstein died of cancer nine months after the Broadway premiere.
After viewing "
The Trapp Family", a 1956 German film about the von Trapp family, and its 1958 sequel, "The Trapp Family in America" ("Die Trapp-Familie in Amerika"), stage director Vincent J. Donehuethought that the project would be perfect for his friend Mary Martin; Broadway producers Leland Haywardand Richard Halliday(Martin's husband) agreed. The producers originally envisioned a nonmusical play that would be written by Lindsay and Crouse and that would feature songs from the repertoire of the Trapp Family Singers. Then they decided to add an original song or two, perhaps by Rodgers and Hammerstein. But it was soon agreed that the project should feature all new songs and be a musical rather than a play. [ [http://www.rnh.com/theatricals/shows/TSOM_History.htm Information from the R&H website] ]
Details of the history of the von Trapp family were altered for the musical.
Georg Ritter von Trapplived with his family in a villa in Aigen, a suburb of Salzburg. The real Maria von Trappwas sent to be a tutor to one of the children, not a governess to all of them. The Captain's oldest child was a boy, not a girl, and the names of the children were changed (at least partly to avoid confusion: the Captain's eldest daughter was also called Maria). The von Trapps spent some years in Austria after Maria and the Captain married – they did not have to flee right away – and they fled to Italy, not Switzerland. Maria von Trapp is said to have enjoyed the stage show but to have hated the movie. [" [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2005/winter/von-trapps.html Movie vs. Reality: The Real Story of the von Trapp Family] . " The National Archives".]
Cold War, the BBCplanned to broadcast "The Sound of Music" on radio in the event of a nuclear strike on the United Kingdom. The broadcast would be part of an emergency timetable of programs designed to "reassure" the public in the aftermath of the attack. [ [http://www.btinternet.com/~pdbean/threads.html Article noting that BBC had "The Sound of Music" materials ready for broadcast in case of nuclear attack] ]
Austria, just before World War II, nuns from Nonnberg Abbeyin Salzburg, Austriaare singing the "Dixit Dominus". One of the postulants, Maria Rainer, is missing. On the mountainside near the abbey, Maria expresses her regrets about leaving the beautiful hills ("The Sound of Music"). She returns to the abbey after the gates are locked, and the next day, the Mother Abbess and some of the other nuns consider what to do about her ("Maria"). Maria explains that she was raised on that mountain and apologizes for singing in the abbey garden without permission. The Mother Abbess joins her in song ("My Favorite Things"). The Mother Abbess tells Maria that she should spend some time outside the abbey to help her decide if she is ready for the monastic life. The seven children of widower Captain Georg Ritter von Trappneed a governess, and Maria will act as their governess until September.
At his villa, von Trapp, a decorated Captain of the
Austro-Hungarian Navy, informs Franz, the butler, and Frau Schmidt, the housekeeper, that a new governess is coming and that she can't walk out like the last one. He also instructs them to prepare for his return from Vienna with two guests. Maria arrives, and the Captain explains her duties. He then summons the children with a bosun's whistle, and they march in, clad in Navy-like uniforms. He introduces the children (Liesl, Friedrich, Louisa, Kurt, Brigitta, Marta, and Gretl) and teaches her their individual signals, but she openly disapproves of this militaristic approach. When she's alone with them, she breaks through their wariness, and after learning that they don't know how to sing, she teaches them the basics (" Do-Re-Mi").
That evening, Rolf, a young messenger, delivers a birthday telegram to Franz and then meets with Liesl outside the villa. Rolf lets slip that a colonel from Berlin is staying with the
Gauleiterand asks Liesl not to tell her father. He claims he knows what is right for her because he is a year older than she is (" Sixteen Going On Seventeen"). They kiss and Rolf runs off, shocked by his boldness. As Maria prepares for bed, Frau Schmidt gives her material to make new clothes, as she had given all her worldly possessions to the abbey for the poor. Maria asks for more material to make play clothes for the children, but Frau Schmidt explains that they march, not play. As Maria says her evening prayers, Liesl slips through the window, soaking wet from the thunderstorm. Maria agrees to keep her secret that she had been out with a boy. The other children run in, frightened by the storm. To comfort and cheer them, Maria sings "The Lonely Goatherd".
Captain von Trapp arrives a month later with
Baroness Elsa Schräder and Max Detweiler, and they wonder why the children aren't there to greet them. When the Captain goes to look for the children, Elsa tells Max that something is holding the Captain back from marrying her. Max opines that only poor people have the time for great romances ("How Can Love Survive"). Rolf enters, looking for Liesl. Surprised by the Captain, he greets them with "Heil". The Captain orders him off the property, maintaining that he is Austrian, not German. Maria and the children leapfrogin, wearing play-clothes made from the old drapes in Maria's room. Infuriated, the Captain sends them off to clean up and change. Maria firmly tells him that the children need him to love them, and he angrily orders her back to the abbey. As she apologizes, they hear the children singing "The Sound of Music" to Baroness Schrader, which Maria had taught them. The Captain joins in, and at the end he embraces the children. Alone with Maria, he asks her to stay, thanking her for bringing music back into his house. Elsa is suspicious of Maria until Maria explains that she will be returning to the abbey in September.
The Captain gives a party to introduce Elsa to his friends, and some of the guests argue over the "
Anschluss". Kurt asks Maria to teach him to dance the Laendler. She demurs, but he insists, and she attempts it. When he is unable to negotiate a complicated figure, the Captain steps in to demonstrate. Maria and the Captain dance until they come face-to-face, and Maria breaks away, embarrassed and confused. When Max arrives at the party, the Captain realizes that he needs another woman to balance the dinner table and asks Maria. Max tells him that he can't expect his guests to dine with a nursemaid, but the Captain waves off the objection. Maria and Brigitta discuss the expected marriage between Elsa and the Captain, and observant Brigitta tells Maria that she and the Captain are in love with each other. Elsa asks the Captain to let the children say goodnight to the guests with a song. The Captain resists, but Elsa nevertheless starts them off singing "So Long, Farewell". Max is amazed at their talent and decides that he needs them for the Kaltzberg Festival, which he is organizing. Maria decides that she must leave so that the marriage between the Captain and Elsa will occur as planned. After the guests leave for the dining room, Maria unhappily slips out the front door with her luggage.
Back at the abbey, Maria tells the Mother Abbess that she is ready to take her vows, but the Mother Abbess realizes that Maria is running away from her feelings. She tells Maria that she must return to face the Captain and discover if they love each other, and that, by actively searching for it, Maria must find the life she was meant to live ("
Climb Ev'ry Mountain").
At the von Trapps' home, Max teaches the children how to sing on stage, but he does not tell the Captain. When the Captain enters and tries to get them to sing with him, they complain that he's not doing it like Maria, and Elsa and Max leave the family alone. The von Trapps try to figure out why Maria left, and the Captain reveals that he has asked Elsa to marry him. The children try to cheer themselves up by singing "My Favorite Things" but are unsuccessful until they hear Maria singing on her way to rejoin them. When Brigitta reveals the wedding plans, Maria decides to stay only until the Captain can arrange for another governess. Max and Elsa argue with the Captain about the imminent Anschluss, trying to convince him that he must compromise, because "There's No Way to Stop It". Elsa tries one last time to get him to see things her way, but when he refuses, Elsa decides to break off the engagement. Alone, the Captain and Maria finally admit to their love, desiring only to be "An Ordinary Couple". As they walk down the aisle, against the wedding processional the nuns reprise "Maria".
During the honeymoon, Max prepares the children to perform at the Kaltzberg Festival. Herr Zeller, the "
Gauleiter", arrives and demands to know why they are not flying the flag of the Third Reichnow that the Anschluss has occurred. When the Captain and Maria return early from their honeymoon, Brigitta tells them that they're just in time to hear them sing at the Festival. The Captain refuses to allow the children to sing, and when Max tries to convince him that the children would sing for Austria, the Captain points out that there "is" no Austria. Maria and Liesl discuss romantic love, and Maria assures Liesl that in a few years, she will probably be married like Maria ("Sixteen Going on Seventeen" (reprise)). Rolf enters with a telegram for the Captain. He is cold to Liesl and refuses to give Maria the telegram, but hands it to Franz. The telegram offers the Captain a commission in the German Navy. He asks Maria if he should accept in order to keep his family safe. She tells him that his decision will be hers, and he decides that they must secretly flee Austria. German Admiral von Schreiber soon arrives to find out why the Captain has not answered the telegram. On learning that the Captain has just returned from his honeymoon, he explains that the German Navy holds him in high regard, offers him the commission, and tells him to report immediately to Bremerhavento assume command. Maria says that he can't leave immediately, as they are all singing in the Festival concert.
The Admiral agrees to wait until after the concert, and they go. There Maria, the Captain and the children sing an elaborate version of "Do-Re-Mi". After they finish, Max brings out the Captain's guitar, and he sings "
Edelweiss", in which Austria's national flower becomes a declaration of loyalty to Austria itself. Max prevents them from leaving the stage, asking for an encore and announcing to the audience that this is the von Trapp family's last chance to sing together for a long time, thanks to the honor guard waiting to escort the Captain directly to his new command. While the judges decide on the prizes, the von Trapps sing "So Long, Farewell", leaving the stage in small groups. Max then announces the winners, stalling as much as possible. When he announces that the first prize goes to the von Trapps and they do not appear, the Nazis start a search. The family hides at the Abbey, and the Nazis do not find them until Rolf comes upon them. He calls his lieutenant, but on seeing Liesl, he reports that he hadn't found anything. He leaves, and one of the nuns tells them that the borders have been closed. The von Trapps decide to flee over the mountains, and they leave as the nuns sing "Climb Ev'ry Mountain".
Musical numbers in the original production
* Praeludium - The Nuns
* The Sound of Music - Maria
* Maria - The Nuns
* My Favorite Things - Maria and the Mother Abbess
Do-Re-Mi- Maria and the Children
Sixteen Going On Seventeen- Rolf and Liesl
The Lonely Goatherd- Maria and the Children
* How Can Love Survive - Max and Elsa
* The Sound of Music (Reprise) - Maria, the Captain and the Children
* So Long, Farewell - The Children
Climb Ev'ry Mountain- Mother Abbess;Act II
No Way to Stop It- Max, the Captain and Elsa
* An Ordinary Couple - Maria and the Captain†
* Processional - The Nuns
Sixteen Going On Seventeen(Reprise) - Maria and Liesl
Do-Re-Mi(Reprise) - Maria, the Captain and the Children‡
* Edelweiss - The Captain, Maria and the Children
* So Long, Farewell (Reprise) - Maria, the Captain and the Children
* Finale - The Nuns
"NOTES:":†Sometimes replaced by "Something Good," which was written for the film.
:‡Replaced by "
The Lonely Goatherd" in the 1998 revival.
*In some productions, "My Favorite Things" follows "
Sixteen Going on Seventeen" in the thunderstorm scene, while " The Lonely Goatherd" is shifted to another scene.
*Many stage revivals have also included "I Have Confidence" and "Something Good", which were written (music and lyrics by Richard Rodgers) for the film version.
*Although many people believe that "Edelweiss" is a traditional Austrian song, in fact the song was written for the musical and is little known in Austria. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2006/07_july/11/maria_facts.shtml Information from the BBC website] ]
Ländlerdance performed by Maria and the Captain during the party is only loosely based on the traditional Austrian dance of the same name. [ [http://www.earthlydelights.com.au/other2.htm Information from Earthlydelights.com] ]
1959 Broadway production
"The Sound of Music" opened on Broadway at the
Lunt-Fontanne Theatreon November 16, 1959, and ran for 1,443 performances. The director was Vincent J. Donehueand the choreographer Joe Layton. The original cast included Mary Martinas Maria, Theodore Bikelas Captain Georg von Trapp, Patricia Newayas Mother Abbess, Kurt Kasznaras Max Detweiler, Marion Marlowe as Elsa Schraeder, Brian Davies as Rolfe, and Lauri Petersas Liesl.
The production shared the
Tony Awardfor Best Musical with " Fiorello!". It also won for Best Actress in a Musical ( Mary Martin), Best Featured Actress in a Musical ( Patricia Neway), Best Scenic Design of a Musical (Oliver Smith), and Best Musical Direction. And it was nominated for Best Featured Actor in a Musical (both Theodore Bikeland Kurt Kasznar) and Best Director of a Musical ( Vincent J. Donehue). The entire children's cast was nominated for Best Featured Actress category as a single nominee, even though two children were boys.
Martha Wright replaced Mary Martin in the role of Maria on Broadway in 1960.
Jeannie Carsonand Nancy Dussaultalso played Maria during the run. Jon Voight, who eventually married co-star Lauri Peters, was a replacement for Rolfe's part. The national tour starred Florence Henderson.
The original Broadway cast album sold three million copies.
1961 London production
The London production opened at the Palace Theatre on
May 18, 1961, and ran for 2,385 performances. It was directed by Jerome Whyteand used the original New York choreography supervised by Joe Laytonand the original New York sets designed by Oliver Smith. The cast included Jean Bayliss as Maria, Roger Dann as Captain von Trapp, Constance Shacklock as Mother Abbess, Eunice Gaysonas Elsa Schraeder, Harold Kasket as Max Detweiler, Barbara Brown as Liesl, and Nicholas Bennett as Rolf.
1961 Australian production
The Australian Production opened at Melbourne's Princess Theatre in 1961 and ran for 3 years. It then toured Australia for many years, with Vanessa Lee (Peter Graves' wife) taking the role of Maria. The production was directed by Charles Hickman, with musical numbers staged by Ernest Parham. The cast included
June Bronhillas Maria, Peter Graves as Captain von Trapp, Rosina Raisbeckas Mother Abbess, Lola Brooks as Elsa Schraeder, Eric Reiman as Max Detweiler, Julie Day as Liesl, and Tony Jenkins as Rolfe.
A recording was made in 1961. It was the first time a major overseas production featuring Australian artists was transferred to disc .
1981 London revival
In 1981, at producer Ross Taylor's urging,
Petula Clarksigned to star in a revival of the show at the Apollo Victoria Theatrein London's West End. Michael Jayston played Captain von Trapp and Honor Blackman was the Baroness. Despite Clark's misgivings that, at age 49, she was too old to play the role convincingly, Clark opened to unanimous rave reviews (and the largest advance sale in the history of British theatre at that time). Maria von Trapp herself, present at the opening night performance, described Clark as "the best" Maria ever. Clark extended her initial six-month contract to thirteen months. Playing to 101 percent of seating capacity, the show set the highest attendance figure for a single week (October 26–31, 1981) of any British musical production in history (as recorded in "The Guinness Book of Theatre"). This was the first stage production to incorporate the two additional songs that Richard Rodgerscomposed for the film version. The cast recording of this production was the first to be recorded digitally, but the recording has not been released on compact disc.
;The 1988 Takarazuka (Japan) version:In 1988, the Snow Troupe of
Takarazuka Revueperformed the musical at the Bow Hall (Takarazuka, Hyōgo). Harukaze Hitomi and Gou Mayuka starred.
;1990 New York City Opera production:A 1990
New York City Operaproduction was directed by Oscar Hammerstein II's son, James. It featured Debby Booneas Maria, Laurence Guittardas Captain von Trapp, and Werner Klempereras Max Detweiler.
;1993 Stockholm premiere:In the original Stockholm production,
Carola Häggkvistplayed Maria, Tommy Körbergplayed Captain Georg von Trapp, Erik Skutnick played Max, and Emilia Brown played Gretl.
;1998 Broadway revival:In 1998, director
Susan H. Schulmanstaged the first Broadway revival of "The Sound of Music", with Rebecca Lukeras Maria and Michael Siberryas Captain von Trapp. It also featured Patti Cohenouras Mother Abbess, Jan Maxwellas Elsa Schraeder, Fred Applegate as Max Detweiler, Dashiell Eavesas Rolf, and Laura Benanti, in her Broadway debut, as Luker's standby. Later, Luker and Siberry were replaced by Richard Chamberlain as the Captain and Benanti as Maria. Lou Taylor Puccimade his Broadway debut as the understudy for Kurt von Trapp. This revival opened on March 12, 1998, at the Martin Beck Theatre, where it ran for 15 months. It then went on tour in North America. This production was nominated for a Tony Awardfor Best Revival of a Musical.
;1999 Australian revival:An
Australianrevival of The Sound of Music played in the Lyric Theatre, in Sydney, New South Walesin 1999. Lisa McCuneplayed Maria; TV personality Bert Newton was Max; and John Waters was Captain von Trapp. The children's cast included Nikki Webster. This production was based on the 1998 Broadway revival staging directed by Susan Schulman and choreographed by Michael Lichtefield. The show was produced by the Gordon Frost Organisation and Sports and Entertainment Limited. The production also toured Melbourne, Victoria, Brisbane, Queensland, Adelaideand Perth, where Rachael Beck replaced Lisa McCune as Maria and Rob Guest took over as Captain von Trapp.Fact|date=October 2007
;2005 Vienna Production:The first full-scale Austrian production opened on
February 26 2005at the Volksoper Wien. It was directed and choreographed by Renaud Doucet, with designs by André Barbe. The production is still in the repertoire of the Volksoper with 12-20 performances per season. The cast includes Sandra Pires, Martina Dorak and Johanna Arrouas as Maria, Kurt Schreibmayer and Michael Kraus as Kapitän von Trapp and Heidi Brunner, Gabriele Sima and Ulrike Steinsky as Mutter Oberin (Mother Abbess).Fact|date=May 2008 [ [http://www.volksoper.at/Content.Node2/home/index.php Website of the Volksoper Wien] ] [Official Season Programme of the Volksoper Wien 2005/06, 2006/07, 2007/08 ]
;2006 London revival:An
Andrew Lloyd Webberproduction opened on November 15 2006, at the London Palladiumcontinues to run as of May 2008, produced by Live Nation's David Ianand Jeremy Sams. Following failed negotiations with Hollywood star Scarlett Johansson, [http://www.uktheatre.net/articles.aspx?DoAction=Display&ArticleID=101468423972327&CatID=114&ListUnder=0 McFarlane, Douglas. "UK Theatre Reviews" (UK Theatre.net), 7 May, 2008] ] the role of Maria was cast through a UK talent search reality TV show called " How Do You Solve A Problem Like Maria?" The talent show was produced by (and starred) Andrew Lloyd Webberand featured presenter/comedian Graham Nortonand a judging panel of David Ian, John Barrowmanand Zoe Tyler.
Connie Fisherwas selected by public voting as the winner of the show. In early 2007, Fisher suffered from a heavy cold that prevented her from performing for two weeks. To prevent further disruptions, an alternate Maria, Aoife Mulholland, a fellow contestant on "How Do You Solve A Problem Like Maria?", played Maria on Monday evenings and Wednesday matinee performances. Simon Shepherdwas originally cast as Captain von Trapp, but after two preview performances he was withdrawn from the production, and Alexander Hanson moved into the role in time for the official opening date along with Lesley Garrettas the Mother Abbess. After Garrett left, Margaret Preecetook the role. The cast also featured Lauren Ward as the Baroness, Ian Gelber as Max, Sophie Bouldas Liesl, and Neil McDermott as Rolfe. Other notable replacements have included Simon Burkeand Simon MacCorkindaleas the Captain and newcomer Amy Lennox as Liesl. Summer Strallenreplaced Fisher in February 2008, with Gemma Baird now portraying Maria on Monday evening and Wednesday matinees.
:The revival received enthusiastic reviews, especially for Fisher, Preece, Bould and Garrett. A soundtrack recording of the London Palladium cast was released. [ [http://www.theatre.com/story/id/3004750 Information from Theatre.com] ] Later assessments have continued favorable: "Summer Strallen has the look, the style and the depth of character to convince her audience that she is Julie Andrews and delivers her opening songs with the right emphasis and quality.... I was very impressed with Amy Lennox.... Preece... stepped up to the mark."
;2007 Stockholm revival:A Stockholm revival began in September 2007 with
Pernilla Wahlgrenas Maria, Tommy Nilssonas Captain von Trapp, Ulrika Liljeroth and Emmi Christensson as Liesel, Gert Fylkingas Franz, Fillie Lyckowas Frau Schmidt, Malena Laszlo as Baroness, Johan Wahlström as Max, Jörgen Olsson as Rolf, and Margareta Dalhamn as Mother Abbess. Some of the characters names were translated into Swedish.Fact|date=October 2007
;2007-2008 Salzburg Marionette Theatre production:The
Salzburg Marionette Theatrehas been touring their version of the show, featuring the recorded voices of Broadway singers such as Christiane Nollas Maria. [ [http://theater2.nytimes.com/2007/12/07/theater/reviews/07mari.html "New York Times" review of December 7, 2007] ] The U.S. tour began in Dallas, Texasin November 2007. [ [http://www.guidelive.com/sharedcontent/dws/ent/columnists/ltaitte/stories/DN-puppet_gl03.ART.State.Edition2.4291906.html Review of Dallas opening, November 3, 2007] ] It opens on May 9 in Salzburg, with performances scheduled through December 2008. [ [http://www.marionetten.at/marionetten/marionetten/shop_karten 2008 schedule of performances] ] The director is Richard Hamburger. [ [http://www.marionetten.at/marionetten/marionetten/sound-of-music Official website of the Salzburg Marionette Theatre's production] ]
;2008 International productions: 2008 productions include Toronto, where the role of Maria was chosen by the public through a television show produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber and David Ian, which aired in July and August. Elicia MacKenzie was declared the winner over fellow "Maria" Janna Polzin. [ [http://www.theatermania.com/content/news.cfm/story/11682 theatermania article, September 25, 2007] ] Polzin has been cast as an "alternate Maria" for the upcoming Toronto stage production. She will play Maria twice a week (Wednesday evenings and Saturday matinees), while MacKenzie will perform the role six times weekly. [http://www.thestar.com/entertainment/article/478044] An
Oslo, Norwayrevival is scheduled to premiere in September 2008, with Maria Arredondoas Maria, Bjørn Skagestad as the Captain and direction by Trond Lie, who directed the Stockholm production.Fact|date=September 2008 In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a production ran with Kiara Sasso as Maria and Herson Capri as the Captain. [ [http://www.anovicarebelde.com.br/ Official website of the Brazilian Production] ] A Dutch version of the musical premiered in September 2008 with Wieneke Remmers as Maria, directed by John Yost. [ [http://www.efteling.com/thesoundofmusic/ Official website of the 2008 Dutch production] ]
The 1987 Telarc studio cast recording
Telarclabel made a studio cast recording of "The Sound of Music", with the Cincinnati Pops Orchestraconducted by Erich Kunzel. The lead roles went to opera stars: Frederica von Stadeas Maria, Håkan Hagegårdas Captain von Trapp, and Eileen Farrellas the Mother Abbess. Kunzel cast children from the Cincinnati School for the Creative and Performing Arts in the children's parts. This all-digital recording combined the songs of both the stage and the screen versions, and included sections of music that were being recorded for the first time.
Songs from the musical have been covered in popular music (for example, "
My Favorite Things" on Speakerboxxx/The Love Below, a double album by the hip hop group OutKastand pastiched in advertising (for example, in TV ads for "New Skoda Fabia" [ [http://www.youtube.com/w/?v=uwswkJZEdS4&session=hoBkQlkK6APPE9BwpJEvssQcuNuyW3kOCCQjj5-Qs3ey8rYfMK5iyRAwgPPCNeoD9LZCYOpk3saNrs6SQ6DY7hi86Xudv_CmQJPaY-G-DG5XeU_cw2usH7Ebrl-5NkrjzXpOZseOyB_RklQNxkZYTpK-sYvo-40KUcT2Ehh8RrkAOo7TIxVD1tdppuAybq4NrvvOUF75lny1i6AknOtZyiuJAy0R_CIhaOShAZBulpeh68j6F0us5p00qjVIBjuz You Tube clip of television ad pastiche from "The Sound of Music"] ] (2007) and for the MasterCard credit card(2007). My Favorite Things is also a 1960 album by jazzmusician John Coltrane, containing his interpretation of the eponymoussong.
Many television shows have featured characters singing songs or pastiches of songs from the musical. The shows include "
Seinfeld", " Friends", " Will & Grace", " The OC" (episode 313, "The Pot Stirrer"), " The Simpsons", " Animaniacs" (episode 13), and " Family Guy". In other television shows, the musical is merely mentioned (e.g., in the " Charmed" episode, " The Power of Three Blondes").Fact|date=March 2008
The musical features in the plot of films. For example, in the 2000 indie film "
Dancer in the Dark" the main character, Selma, played by Bjork, auditions for the role of Maria in a local community theater production of the musical. Similarly, in the 2005 Disney movie " The Pacifier," Seth Plummer and Vice Principal Murney are cast as Rolf and the Reverend Mother, respectively, in a high school production of "The Sound of Music."Fact|date=March 2008
*Hal, Leonard. "The Sound of Music" (1999) Fitzhenry & Whiteside ISBN 0793598761
*Hirsch, Julia Antopol. "The Sound Of Music—The Making Of America's Favorite Movie" (1993) McGraw-Hill Publishing
*Maslon, Laurence, with a foreword by Andrew Lloyd Webber. "The Sound of Music Companion" (2007) Fireside ISBN 1416549544
*Wilk, Max. "The Making of The Sound of Music" (2007) Routledge ISBN 041597934X
* [http://www.rnh.com/theatricals/show.php?show_id=36 The Sound of Music at R&H Theatricals]
* [http://www.theatrehistory.com/american/musical010.html Synopsis on theatrehistory]
* [http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2005/winter/von-trapps.html Movie vs. Reality: The Real Story of the von Trapp Family] - "Prologue" magazine, Winter 2005 - published by the
National Archives and Records Administration
* [http://www.soundofmusiclondon.com/show/musicalnumbers.php Official Sound of Music London Web Site - Musical numbers]
* [http://www2.arkansasonline.com/news/2008/jun/14/theater-review-arkansas-shakespeare-theat-20080614/?print "Arkansas Shakespeare Theatre brings Conway alive with The Sound of Music"]
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