- Takelma language
Oregon, Rogue Valleyalong the middle course of the Rogue River
Takelma was the language spoken by the
Latgawadialect, spoken in southwestern Oregon along the upper Rogue River
Takelmadialect, spoken in southwestern Oregon in the Rogue ValleyThere was possibly a Cow Creek dialect spoken in southwestern Oregon along the South Umpqua River, Myrtle Creek, and Cow Creek.
Takelma is a
language isolate. Takelma has been considered to be in a Takelman (or Takelma-Kalapuyan) language family together with the Kalapuyanlanguages (Swadesh 1965). However, a recent paper by Tarpent & Kendall (1998) finds this relationship to be unfounded because of the extremely different morphological structures of Takelma and Kalapuyan. However, there is much hopeful speculation that Takelma (along with Kalapuyan and other language groups) may be part of a proposed Penutiansuper-family, as suggested by Edward Sapir (1921).
*mì:ʔskaʔ - one
*kà:ʔm - two
*xìpiní - three
*kamkàm - four
*dé:hal - five
*haʔi:mìʔs - six
*haʔi:kà:ʔm - seven
*haʔi:xín - eight
*haʔi:kó - nine
*ìxti:l - ten
* Sapir, Edward. 1909. "Takelma Texts". University of Pennsylvania Anthropological Publications 2(1):1-263.
* Sapir, Edward. 1922. "The Takelma Language of Southwestern Oregon". In Handbook of American Indian Languages, part II, pp. 1-296. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 40.
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