- Education in Colombia
Education in Colombia comprehends the formal and non-formal education. Formal education is composed of
nursery school, elementary school, high schooland technical instruction and collegeeducation. The basic goal expected for the average citizen is of 11 grades (elementary school and mid highschool). The covering of basic education for the state institutions is about 50%. The private institutions cover the other 50% and most of the technical and university formation, due to the scarcity of public resources destined to education. [ [http://structio.sourceforge.net propuestas] ]
Most of the children under 5 years are provided of daycare and nursery school in "Hogares Comunitarios" (community homes) sponsored by the National Institute for Family Welfare (ICBF acronym in Spanish), where mothers from the community take care of their own children, as the children from the immediate neighborhood. When their children of colombia learn to read and write, they usually are transferred to the elementary school. There are also a large number of private
kindergartenfacilities, but most of the times the high fees are very restrictive to the average family. [ [http://www.icbf.gov.co Instituto"' Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar] ] .
Elementary school last 5 years and is meant to provide the basic skills to achieve non-qualified jobs.
Primary educationis free and compulsory for nine years for children between 6 and 12 years of age. The net primary enrollment (percentage of relevant age-group) in 2001 was 86.7 percent. The completion rate (percentage of age-group) for children attending elementary school (primaria) in 2001 totaled 89.5 percent. In many rural areas, teachers are poorly qualified, and only five years of primary school are offered.
Due to the insufficiency of the existing institutions to accomplish the full coverage of the children population, the public educative system has adopted the "automatic promotion" as standard practice, meaning that the children are promoted to the next grade no matter the achievement of goals, with the purpose of avoid extra years of occupancy in the educative
Secondary education is divided in basic secondary (grades 6th to 9th) and mid secondary (grades 10th and 11th). Net secondary enrollment in 2001 was 53.5 percent. School life expectancy in 2001 was 11.1 years.
In order to access college or technical education, highschool students must take the statal test pruebas de estado provided by [http://www.icfes.gov.co Instituto Colombiano para el Fomento de la Educación Superior - ICFES] .
Superior education is divided into under-graduate degrees and post-graduate degrees and is regulated by the 30th law of 1992. Most of the university degrees are five years long. Technical formation usually lasts 3 years. Post-graduate education includes masters degrees and doctorates.
Education for Work and Human Development
Education for Work and Human Development is reglamented by law 1064 of 2006 and the 2888 decrete of 2007. This kind of Education provide a degree of Technical Education, provides skills and talents to improve the level of subsistence. Education for work involves technical skills necessary to the performance of work throug the formation of "labour competences", which is a Colombian strategy to standardize and certify human resource, expanding and diversifying the formation and training of human resources. It includes the education provided by the enterprises to their employees. The Colombian government promotes this kind of education as an alternative for the university education, which is not accessible for the majority. Some institutions that provide this services are : SENA (national service of learning); CESDE; ANDAP; INCAP among others.
Non profit organizations working to fill the education gap in Colombia
There are hundreds of well run non profits in Colombia that are helping close the education gap. To support their efforts, the Colombian diaspora has begun to organize and channel resources to them from the United States. One of the largest examples is the
Genesis Foundation. Other organizations like Colombia Progresa raise scholarships in the US to support the education of kids in Colombia.
*es icon [http://www.mineducacion.gov.co/ Ministerio de Educación Nacional] de Colombia
* [http://www.colombiaaprende.edu.co/ Portal Educativo del Ministerio de Educación Nacional] , Colombia Aprende
* [http://www.icfes.gov.co/ ICFES - Instituto Colombiano para el Fomento de la Educación Superior] , organizmo que regula la educación superior en Colombia.
* [http://www.icetex.gov.co/ ICETEX - Instituto Colombiano de Crédito Educativo y Estudios Técnicos en el Exterior]
* [http://www.sena.edu.co/ SENA - Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje]
* [http://www.cesde.edu.co/ CESDE]
* [http://www.andap.edu.co/ ANDAP - Academia Nacional de Aprendizaje]
* [http://www.inca.edu.co/ INCAP]
* [http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/soe/cihe/ihec/regions/WorldBank_Colombia.pdf World Bank; Colombia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Colombia — This article is about the country. For other uses and spellings, see Colombia (disambiguation) and Colombia (disambiguation). Republic of Colombia República de Colombia (Spanish) … Wikipedia
Education in Cesar Department — The Education in Cesar Department as well as the education in Colombia is regulated by the Ministry of National Education, and managed by the Secretary of Education of the Department of Cesar. The education in the Department of Cesar is divided… … Wikipedia
Colombia–Peru War — Colombian Army making maneuvers Date September 1, 1932 May 24, 1933 … Wikipedia
Colombia — • Forms the north west corner of the South American Continent Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Colombia Colombia † … Catholic encyclopedia
Colombia Stock Exchange — Bolsa de Valores de Colombia … Wikipedia
education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… … Universalium
Colombia — Colombian, adj., n. /keuh lum bee euh/; Sp. /kaw lawm byah/, n. a republic in NW South America. 37,418,290; 439,828 sq. mi. (1,139,155 sq. km). Cap.: Bogotá. * * * Colombia Introduction Colombia Background: Colombia was one of the three countries … Universalium
Colombia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Colombia <p></p> Background: <p></p> Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and… … The World Factbook
Education — Educate redirects here. For the journal published by the Institute of Education, see Educate . For the stained glass window at Yale University, see Education (Chittenden Memorial Window). Children in a kindergarten classroom in France … Wikipedia
Colombia in popular culture — The depiction of Colombia in popular culture, especially the portrayal of Colombian people in film and fiction, has been asserted by Colombian organizations and government to be largely negative and has raised concerns that it reinforces, or even … Wikipedia