Opperhoofd is a Dutch word (plural Opperhoofden) which literally means 'supreme head(man)'. The Danish equivalent Overhoved, which is derived from a Danish pronunciation of the Dutch word, is also treated here.
In modern Dutch, Opperhoofd remains in use for a native tribal chief, such as a Sachem of Native Americans. Despite the superlative etymology, it can be applied to several chiefs in a single native community.
However this article is devoted to its more former, historical use as a gubernatorial title, comparable to the English chief factor, for the chief executive officer of a Dutch factory in the sense of trading post, as led by a factor, i.e. agent.
The etymologically cognate title of Danish Opperhoved (singular) had a similar gubernatorial use (sometimes rendered in English as Station Chief), notably in the Danish Gold Coast (in present Ghana), see Colonial Heads of Danish Gold Coast. The German cognate is Oberhaupt.
Dutch colonial Opperhoofden
The factory established on 20 September 1609 at Hirado by the Dutch East India Company (VOC), next in 1641, as the Dutch factory was moved by order of the Shogunate thereto, on Dejima (Desjima in purist Dutch, or Latinized as Decima) Island, in Nagasaki Bay. The trading post was maintained under the Dutch state after the 1795 end of VOC administration till on 28 February 1860 Dejima was abandoned. For a full list of its Opperhoofden, see VOC Opperhoofden in Japan.
- The Dutch Fort Lijdzaamheid (Lydsaamheid), was established by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in March 1721 as a naval support point at Delagoa Bay, near modern day Mozambique's capital Maputo. It was subordinate to the Dutch Cape colony. The Dutch abandoned the post on December 27, 1730.
- Mauritius, since 1638 a Dutch colony under the chartered VOC, was governed by an Opperhoofd/Commande(u)r until it was abandoned on 17 February 1710. In September 1715, the island was claimed for France and renamed Île de France by the passing French sailor Guillaume Dufresne D'Arsel.
- ^ Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822, pp. 5-6.
- Screech, Timon. (2006). Secret Memoirs of the Shoguns: Isaac Titsingh and Japan, 1779-1822. London: RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0-700-71720-X
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Opperhoofd — est un mot hollandais (pluriel Opperhoofden) qui veut dire littéralement tête suprême . Son équivalent danois Opperhoved est également abordé ici. En hollandais moderne, Opperhoofd demeure utilisé pour un chef tribal indigène (comme le Sachem des … Wikipédia en Français
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Dejima — This article is about the artificial island. For the sumo wrestler, see Dejima Takeharu. Dejima and Nagasaki Bay, circa 1820. Two Dutch ships and numerous Chinese trading junks are depicted. Dejima (出島 … Wikipedia
List of Opperhoofden of Delagoa Bay — List of Colonial Heads of the Dutch fort at Delagoa Bay (now Maputo Bay, in Mozambique): Term Incumbent Notes March 1721 Dutch East India Company Dutch Fort Lijdzaamheid (archaic spelling Lydsaamheid) at Delagoa Bay purchased from king Maphumbo… … Wikipedia
VOC Opperhoofden in Japan — Main article: Dutch East India Company The trade pass (Dutch: handelspas) issued in the name of Tokugawa Ieyasu. The text commands: Dutch ships are allowed to travel to Japan, and they can disembark on any coast, without any reserve. From now on… … Wikipedia
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Titsingh — Isaac Titsingh (* 10. Januar 1745 in Amsterdam; † 2. Februar 1812 in Paris) war ein niederländischer Chirurg, Gelehrter, Kaufmann und Botschafter. Während einer langen Karriere in Ostasien war Titsingh ein höherer Beamter der Holländische… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Deschima — Dejima um die Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts (Arnoldus Montanus: Gedenkwaerdige Gesantschappen der Oost Indische Maetschappy in t Vereenigde Nederland, aen de Kaisaren van Japan. 1669 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Deshima — Dejima um die Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts (Arnoldus Montanus: Gedenkwaerdige Gesantschappen der Oost Indische Maetschappy in t Vereenigde Nederland, aen de Kaisaren van Japan. 1669 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dutch East India Company — This article is about the trading company. For the record label, see Dutch East India Trading. Dutch East India Company Former type Public company Industry Trade … Wikipedia