Jules Armand Dufaure


Jules Armand Dufaure

Infobox Prime Minister
name=Jules Armand Dufaure


order=33rd Prime Minister of France
term_start =19 February 1871
term_end =24 May 1873
president =Adolphe Thiers
predecessor =Louis Jules Trochu
successor =Albert, duc de Broglie
order2=37th Prime Minister of France
term_start2 =23 February 1876
term_end2 =12 December 1876
president2 =Patrice de Mac-Mahon
predecessor2 =Louis Buffet
successor2 =Jules Simon
order3=41st Prime Minister of France
president3=Patrice de Mac-Mahon
"Himself" (acting)
Jules Grevy
term_start3 =13 December 1877
term_end3 =4 February 1879
predecessor3 =Gaëtan de Rochebouët
successor3 =William Waddington
order4 =Acting President of the French Republic
term_start4 =30 January
term_end4 =30 January 1879
primeminister4="Himself"
predecessor4 =Patrice de Mac-Mahon
successor4 =Jules Grevy
birth_date =4 December 1798
death_date =death date and age|1881|6|28|1798|12|4|
party=None

Jules Armand Stanislas Dufaure (4 December 1798ndash 28 June 1881) was a French statesman.

He was born at Saujon (Charente-Inférieure), and began his career as an advocate at Bordeaux, where he won a great reputation by his oratorical gifts. He abandoned law for politics, and in 1834 was elected deputy. In 1839 he became minister of public works in the Soult ministry, and succeeded in freeing railway construction in France from the obstacles which till then had hampered it.

Losing office in 1840, Dufaure became one of the leaders of the Opposition, and on the outbreak of the revolution of 1848 he accepted the Republic, and joined the party of moderate republicans. On 13 October he became minister of the interior under Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, but retired on the latter's defeat in the presidential election. During the Second French Empire, Dufaure abstained from public life, and practised at the Paris bar with such success that he was elected "bâtonnier" in 1862.

In 1863 he succeeded to Étienne Pasquier's seat in the French Academy. In 1871 he became a member of the Assembly, and proposed Adolphe Thiers as President of the Republic. Dufaure became the minister of justice as chief of the party of the "left-centre," and his tenure of office was distinguished by the passage of the jury-law. In 1873 he fell with Thiers, but in 1875 resumed his former post under Louis Buffet, whom he succeeded on 9 March 1876 as president of the council. In the same year he was elected a life senator. On 12 December he withdrew from the ministry owing to the attacks of the republicans of the left in the chamber and of the conservatives in the senate.

After the conservatives' defeat on 16 May, he returned to power on 24 December 1877. Early in 1879 Dufaure took part in compelling the resignation of Marshal MacMahon, but immediately afterwards (1 February), worn out by opposition, he retired. As Prime Minister he served as the Acting President of the Republic on 3 January 1879.

See G Picot, "M. Dufaure, sa vie et ses discours" (Paris, 1883).

Dufaure's First Government, 19 February 1871 - 18 May 1873

*Jules Dufaure - President of the Council and Minister of Justice
*Jules Favre - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Adolphe Charles Le Flô - Minister of War
*Ernest Picard - Minister of the Interior
*Louis Buffet - Minister of Finance
*Louis Marie Alexis Pothuau - Minister of Marine and Colonies
*Jules Simon - Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Worship
*Charles de Larcy - Minister of Public Works
*Félix Lambrecht - Minister of Agriculture and Commerce

Changes
*25 February 1871 - Augustin Pouyter-Quertier succeeds Buffet as Minister of Finance.
*5 June 1871 - Ernest Courtot de Cissey succeeds Le Flô as Minister of War. Félix Lambrecht succeeds Picard as Minister of the Interior. Victor Lefranc succeeds Lambrecht as Minister of Agriculture and Commerce.
*2 August 1871 - The Comte de Rémusat, succeeds Favre as Minister of Foreign Affairs
*11 October 1871 - Auguste Casimir-Perier succeeds Lambrecht as Minister of the Interior
*6 February 1872 - Victor Lefranc succeeds Casimir-Perier as Minister of the Interior. Eugène de Goulard succeeds Lefranc as Minister of Agriculture and Commerce.
*23 April 1872 - Eugène de Goulard succeeds Pouyer-Quertier as Minister of Finance. Pierre Teisserenc de Bort succeeds Goulard as Minister of Agriculture and Commerce.
*7 December 1872 - Eugène de Goulard succeeds Lefranc as Minister of the Interior. Léon Say succeeds Goulard as Minister of Finance. Oscar Bardi de Fourtou succeeds Larcy as Minister of Public Works.

Dufaure's Second Government, 18 May - 25 May 1873

*Jules Dufaure - President of the Council and Minister of Justice
*Comte de Rémusat - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Ernest Courtot de Cissey - Minister of War
*Auguste Casimir-Perier - Minister of the Interior
*Léon Say - Minister of Finance
*Louis Marie Alexis Pothuau - Minister of Marine and Colonies
*William Henry Waddington - Minister of Public Instruction
*Oscar Bardi de Fourtou - Minister of Worship
*René Bérenger - Minister of Public Works
*Pierre Teisserenc de Bort - Minister of Agriculture and Commerce

Dufaure's Third Government, 23 February - 9 March 1876

*Jules Dufaure - President of the Council and Minister of the Interior and of Justice
*Louis Decazes - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Ernest Courtot de Cissey - Minister of War
*Eugène Caillaux - Minister of Finance and Public Works
*Louis Raymond de Montaignac de Chauvannce - Minister of Marine and Colonies
*Henri Wallon - Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Worship
*Vicomte de Meaux - Minister of Agriculture and Commerce

Dufaure's Fourth Government, 9 March - 12 December 1876

*Jules Dufaure - President of the Council and Minister of Justice
*Louis Decazes - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Ernest Courtot de Cissey - Minister of War
*Amable Ricard - Minister of the Interior
*Léon Say - Minister of Finance
*Martin Fourichon - Minister of Marine
*William Henry Waddington - Minister of Public Instruction
*Albert Christophle - Minister of Public Works
*Pierre Teisserenc de Bort - Minister of Agriculture and Commerce

Changes
*11 May 1876 - Émile de Marcère succeeds Ricard as Minister of the Interior.
*15 August 1876 - Jean Auguste Berthaud succeeds Courtot de Cissey as Minister of War.

Dufaure's Fifth Government, 13 December 1877 - 4 February 1879

*Jules Dufaure - President of the Council and Minister of Justice
*William Henry Waddington - Minister of Foreign Affairs
*Jean-Louis Borel - Minister of War
*Émile de Marcère - Minister of the Interior
*Léon Say - Minister of Finance
*Louis Marie Alexis Pothuau - Minister of Marine and Colonies
*Agénor Bardoux - Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Worship
*Charles de Freycinet - Minister of Public Works
*Pierre Teisserenc de Bort - Minister of Agriculture and Commerce

Changes
*16 May 1878 - Henri François Xavier Gresley succeeds Borel as Minister of War.

References

*1911


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