Infobox Company
company_name = Korg 株式会社コルグ
company_type =
foundation = 1962
founder = Tsutomu Kato and Tadashi Osanai
location = JPN
key_people =
area_served =
industry = Electronics
products = Keyboards, Electronic Organ
services =
revenue =
operating_income =
net_income =
num_employees =
parent =
divisions =
subsid =
owner =
company_slogan =
homepage = [http://www.korg.com/ www.korg.com]
dissolved =
footnotes =

nihongo|Korg Corporation|株式会社コルグ|Kabushiki-gaisha Korugu is a Japanese multinational corporation that manufactures electronic musical instruments and electronic tuners. The company is one of the most widely used and respected names in professional music worldwide.

Company history

Founded in 1962 in Japan by Tsutomu Kato and Tadashi Osanai, Korg was originally known as "Keio Electronic Laboratories" (京王技術研究所) because its fledgling offices were located near the Keio train line in Tokyo and Keio can be formed by combining the first letters of Kato and Osanai. Before founding the company, Kato ran a nightclub. Osanai, a Tokyo University graduate and noted accordionist, regularly performed at Kato's club accompanied by a Wurlitzer Sideman rhythm machine. Unsatisfied with the rhythm machine, Osanai convinced Kato to finance his efforts to build a better one.

The company's first product, released in 1963, was an electro-mechanical rhythm device called the Disc Rotary Electric Auto Rhythm machine Donca matic DA-20. Buoyed by the success of the DA-20, Keio released a solid-state version of the Rhythm machine, the Donca matic DE-20, in 1966.

In 1967, Kato was approached by Fumio Mieda, an engineer who wanted to build keyboards. Impressed with Mieda's enthusiasm, Kato asked him to build a prototype and 18 months later Mieda returned with a programmable organ. Keio sold the organ under the name "Korg", made from combining "keio" with "organ".

Keio's organ products were successful throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s but, concerned about the competition from other big organ manufacturers, Kato decided to use the organ technology to build a keyboard for the then-niche synthesizer market. Keio's first synthesizer, the MiniKorg, was thus released in 1973.

Following on the success of the Mini-Korg, Keio released a number of budget-minded synthesizers throughout the 1970s and 1980s under the name Korg.

Korg subsequently branched out into the music recording and electric guitar effects market, with some success.

Yamaha Corporation has always been a major partner of Korg, supplying them with circuitry and mechanical parts. In 1987, shortly before the release of the M1 Music Workstation, Yamaha acquired a controlling interest in Korg's stock. The takeover of the company was amicable, with Kato drawing up the terms, and the two companies continued to independently develop their product lines and compete in the marketplace. After the following 5 very successful years, Kato had enough cash to rebuy most of the Yamaha share back in 1993.

Timeline of major products

* 1963 - Donca-Matic DA-20
* 1966 - Donca-Matic DE-20
* 1973 - Korg Mini-Korg 700
* 1975 - Korg WT-10: World's first hand-held electronic tuner
* 1975 - Korg Maxi-Korg 800DV
* 1977 - Korg PS-3100, PS-3200, PS-3300

* 1978 - Korg MS-10/MS-20
* 1978 - Korg VC-10 Vocoder
* 1979 - Korg m500 Micro Preset
* 1980 - Korg Mono/Poly
* 1981 - Korg Polysix
* 1983 - Korg Poly-61: The successor of the Polysix with digitally-controlled analog oscillators; Korg's first "knobless" synthesizer
* 1983 - Korg Poly-800: First fully programmable synthesizer that sold for less than $1000, notable for using digitally-controlled analog oscillators and sharing a single filter for all 8 voices
* 1983 - Korg SAS-20: The SAS-20 was Korg’s first arranger keyboard. A built-in computer analyzed the melody played on the keyboard, and generated a complex accompaniment. This was the world’s first auto-accompaniment function of this kind added to a keyboard. Also, a more traditional chord recognition system was included.
* 1985 - Korg DW-8000: 8-voice polyphonic, user selected two digital waveforms out of 16 total. Used an analog filter.
* 1985 - SuperDrums and SuperPercussion: Low-cost digital drum machines
* 1986 - Korg DSS-1: Sampling keyboard with additive synthesis, waveform drawing and effects, with some similarities to the DW8000
* 1988 - Korg M1: PCM rompler with built-in effects and sequencer, the M1 introduced many to the concept of a Music Workstation, a keyboard that could handle live performance, MIDI, sequencing, expandable sound banks, effects, and more in a single package.
* 1989 - Korg T series (T1/T2/T3): Some improvements over the M1 with added features.
* 1990 - Korg Wavestation: Vector synthesis and Wave Sequencing
* 1991 - Korg O1/W: PCM rompler with more waveforms and effects than the M1
* 1991 - Korg Wavestation EX
* 1991 - Korg Wavestation A/D
* 1992 - Korg Wavestation SR
* 1993 - Korg X3 / Korg X2 / Korg X3R: Music Workstation
* 1993 - Korg i3 Interactive Music Workstation: Korg introduced its first professional arranger in 1993 with the i3 model, which proved to be the first in a huge series of Korg 'interactive' products. Until that time the auto-accompaniment keyboards were designed primarily for home use, but i3 changed that. Its tone generator was an AI2 engine coming from the renowned Korg synths, which made it a perfectly usable 'pro' keyboard. Once again, a Korg keyboard succeeded because of the quality of its factory voicing. It also retained a multitrack MIDI sequencer, Styles and Arrangements that allowed players to use it as a band-in-a-box or compositional tool, improved chord recognition with a big graphical display, a joystick and analog volume controls for each accompaniment section. A new Backing Sequence feature provided also for easy creation of new songs based on styles.
* 1994 - Korg X5
* 1994 - Korg i2: Korg introduced the i2, an i3 "on-steroids" with a 76-note keyboard and a new Piano sound.
* 1995 - Korg i1: In 1995 a further improved version of i3 was introduced: the Korg i1, that included an 88-note weighted keyboard, a huge piano sample, and built-in speakers. Other features were similar to the i3, even if new styles were added.
* 1995 - Korg i4S: The i4S (where "S" stays for "Speakers"). This keyboard was something like an i3 with speakers, but with a smaller feature set.
* 1995 - Korg i5S: The i5S was a scaled-down version of the i4S, with a plastic chassis and a reduced set of features. Some new sounds and styles were added.
* 1995 - Korg i5M: A module called i5M was also introduced, with specifications similar to the i5S, but with no amplification and, obviously, no keyboard and joystick. This product was really appreciated by accordionists, happy to discover at its heart some added traditional styles and sounds (shared with the i5S).
* 1995 - Korg ih: In 1995, singers also welcomed the "ih Interactive Vocal Harmony", that allowed for creation of vocal harmonizations, starting from chords played live in Style mode, or recorded in a Song's track. This unit is still a best-seller on the second-hand market, thanks to its excellent price/quality ratio.
* 1996 - Korg Prophecy: One of the first successful virtual analog synthesizers
* 1996 - Korg Trinity: The most important workstation release since the M1 almost 10 years earlier.
* 1996 - Korg N364/264: Introduced RPPR
* 1996 - Korg X5D
* 1997 - Korg Z1: Providing a new technology: MOSS (Multi-Oscillator Synthesis System)
* 1997 - Korg iX300: The iX300 Interactive Music Workstation was introduced, back to a unit without speakers but offering new sounds and more than 100 styles.
* 1998 - Korg iS40: iS40 included new sounds (among them, a gorgeous stereo piano sample), new styles (128), and several new features. One of the most appreciated new features, Keyboard Sets, allowed for immediate recalling of keyboard track settings.
* 1998 - Korg iS50: iS50 was the low cost version of iS40, lacking just a minor number of features from its bigger sibling.
* 1998 - Korg i30: The i30 Interactive Music Workstation was introduced, claiming to be the first arranger featuring a Touch Screen Display. This model was speakerless, 64 notes of polyphony, and included some more sounds compared to the iS40.
* 1999 - Korg Triton
* 1999 - Korg Kaoss Pad, Electribe dance synthesizers
* 1999 - Korg i40M: Korg introduced a successor to the i5M: the i40M module. Specifications were similar to the iS40 (obviously, with no keyboard or joystick), but included a Vocal Harmonizer as standard. Furthermore, the module included 3 different pre-programmed MIDI setups, to make connection with various accordions even easier.
* 1999 - Korg iS35: iS35 was a new version of the iS40, featuring the same specifications, and adding a Vocal Harmonizer as standard.
* 1999 - Korg iS50B: iS50B boasted the same specs as the iS50, but in a Dark Blue chassis.
* 2000 - Korg MS-2000
* 2000 - Korg Pa80: A new range of arranger from Korg was introduced in year 2000: the Pa Series. Pa80 was the first model introduced in December 2000 with a stunning sound inherited from the award-winning, Triton, a wide selection of highly-musical Styles made by some of the best musicians in the world, a Multitasking Operating System and a revolutionary Dual Sequencer design. This new keyboard brought the benefits of Korg's stunning songwriting and music production/performance to a whole new generation of musicians.
* 2000 - Korg Pa60: The new Pa60 Professional Arranger was introduced. Apart from fewer features like sampling and Harmony Board compatibility, it is same instrument as the "top-of-the-range" Pa80.
* 2001 - Korg KARMA featuring a form of arpeggiator more elastic and musical than previous forms
* 2001 - Korg Triton Studio featuring an onboard cdr drive
* 2002 - Korg MicroKorg: A portable version of the MS-2000 synthesizer
* 2002 - Korg Triton LE
* 2003 - Korg Pa1X Pro: During this year, a new line of professional arrangers debuted, starting from the flagship - the Pa1X Pro Professional Arranger. Including some ot the most advanced technologies available in the musical instrument world, it marked the return of Korg to the speakerless, studio-oriented interactive composer type of arrangers. It also marked the beginning of a factive cooperation with the renowned studio gear manufacturer TC-Electronic.
* 2003 - Korg MS-2000B: new version of the MS-2000 synthesizer with updated sound set, black metallic color scheme and dedicated vocoder mic; Korg MS-2000BR: rack-mount version
* 2003 - Korg microKONTROL: portable MIDI keyboard controller
* 2004 - Korg Legacy Collection: Includes software emulations of three famous Korg synthesizers: the MS-20, Polysix, and the Wavestation
* 2004 - Korg Pa1X: Short after the launch of the Pa1X Pro, the Pa1X Professional Arrangers was introduced. This is the speaker-fitted, shorter-scale version of the Pa1X.
* 2004 - Korg Pa50: After the top-of-the line, ultra-luxury Pa1X Pro, Korg release its most inexpensive arranger ever - the Pa50 Professional Arrangers. Despite the low purchasing price, it boasted most of the same features of the revered Pa60, making it a true bargain.
* 2004 - Korg Triton Extreme: An updated version of the Triton is released to a highly-anticipating public. It boasts many new features. Most notable is the Valve Force circuity, or, the integration of a 12AU7 tube into the workstation. Nicknamed "Russian Bullet," these tubes are rumored to last a minimum of 10 years. Another notable feature is the drastically increased ROM size: 160 MB, featuring 32 megs of all new acoustic samples. -->
* 2005 - Korg Oasys (Open Architecture Synthesis Studio workstation)
* 2006 - Korg TR: enhanced Triton Le music workstation
* 2006 - Korg RADIAS massive re-tooling of the Korg MS-2000B analog-style synthesizer
* 2006 - Korg PadKontrol drum-trigger style MIDI controller
* 2006 - Korg Kaoss Pad 3
* 2006 - Korg MicroX compact X50, half sounds from the TR, half new, with the X50's software capability
* 2006 - Korg X50 a stripped-down Korg TR with no sequencer but a software-linking editor librarian
* 2006 - Korg Pa 800 Successor of the awardwinning Pa 80 but boasted with features like in the Pa1X Pro
* 2007 - Korg M3 newest flagship workstation, diverging from the famous Korg Triton line, often called a "mini-Korg Oasys"
* 2007 - Korg R3 updated MicroKorg with Radias technology
* 2007 - Korg mini-KP - At 4.25" x 4.5", this smallest installment of the KAOSS series products packs all the punch of its larger brethren and offers both battery and AC power.
* 2007 - Korg ZERO Mixers - Console style (Zero8) and DJ style (Zero4) mixers. Each incorporate a multi-channel FireWire audio interface and full DSP with a customizable MIDI control surface. Interfacing and performing with all types of software become seamless. Both mixers have received Traktor Scratch Certification.
* 2007 - Korg KM Mixers - KM202 and KM402 are Korg's 2 and 4 channel DJ Mixers. They feature the full Korg MiniKP interface and effects, which can be applied to selected channels. 8 different EQ models (including full cut isolator), selectable by a large dial on the panel, are another unique offering.
* 2007 - Korg Kaossilator - Extremely compact dynamic phrase synthesizer which features 100 programs including acoustic, percussion, and electronic sounds, a gate arpeggiator, 31 scale types ranging from Chromatic and Blues to Egyptian and Gypsy, and an 8 layer 8-step sequencer for producing loop-based music. Following in the footsteps of Korg's KP technology, it features a touch pad where the horizontal axis varies in pitch and the vertical in tone. Released January 2008 in the US.
* Toneworks-Guitar Effects and processors
** AX10A - Modeling Signal Processor for Acoustic Guitar
** AX1500G - Modeling Signal Processor for Guitar
** AX3000B - Modeling Signal Processor for Bass
** AX3000G - Modeling Signal Processor for Guitar
** AX3A - Modeling Signal Processor
** AX3B - Modeling Signal Processor
** AX3G - Modeling Signal Processor
** AX5B - Modeling Signal Processor for Bass
** AX5G - Modeling Signal Processor for Guitar
** PX4A - Pandora: Acoustic Personal Multi-Effect Processor
** PX4D - Pandora: Personal Multi-Effect Processor
* 2008 - Korg DS-10 - Music program for the Nintendo DS.
* 2008 - Korg M50 - Music workstation

ee also

*Electronic tuner

External links

* [http://www.korg.com/ Korg home page]
* [http://www.korgpa.com/ Korg Arrangers Home Page]
* http://www.roth-handle.nu/instruments/korg_ms10.html Pictures and films of one of the most famous korg synths, the MS-10
* [http://www.retrosound.de Retrosound - info, sounds and pics from the Wavestation, DSS-1, EX-8000 and DVP-1 Vocoder]
* [http://www.soundonsound.com/sos/Oct02/articles/korg40th.asp 40 years of Korg gear (Sound on Sound Magazine)]
* [http://www.korganalogue.net/ Korg Kornucopia - Korg analogue synthesizer information, manuals and resources]
* [http://www.wikizic.org/Korg/ Korg museum]
* [http://www.korgaseries.org/ korgaseries.org] - A decade old online resource hosting photos, product info, effects, mailing list and manuals for Korg's A1, A2 and A3 effects processors.

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