Thomas Cooper (bishop)

Thomas Cooper (or Couper) (c. 1517 - April 29, 1594), English bishop, lexicographer, and writer, was born in Oxford, where he was educated at Magdalen College.

He became master of Magdalen College school, and afterwards practised as a physician in Oxford. His literary career began in 1548, when he compiled, or rather edited, "Bibliotheca Eliotae", a Latin dictionary by Sir Thomas Elyot. In 1549 he published a continuation of Thomas Lanquet's "Chronicle of the World". This work, known as "Cooper's Chronicle", covers the period from AD 17 to the time of its writing. Following Robert Crowley's 1559 altered and updated version of the Chronicle which Cooper denounced, he issued an expanded and updated version in 1560 and 1565 that removed or altered most but not all of Crowley's changes and additions. In 1565 appeared the first edition of his greatest work, "Thesaurus Linguae Romanae et Britannicae", and this was followed by three other editions.

Simon Winchester in his book "The Meaning of Everything", gave the following glimpse into the creation of this important thesaurus::"The tiresome making of this book once exasperated the 'utterly profligate' Mrs. Cooper so much that she tossed the entire manuscript into the fire -- prompting her imperturbable husband simply to sigh wearily and begin compiling his book all over again."

William Shakespeare is believed to have used Cooper's "Thesaurus" in the creation of his many poems and plays. (Evidence of this comes from a close statistical inspection of Shakespeare's word usage.)

Elizabeth I was greatly pleased with the "Thesaurus", generally known as "Cooper's Dictionary"; and its author, who had been ordained about 1559, was made dean of Christ Church, Oxford, in 1567. Two years later he became dean of Gloucester, in 1571 bishop of Lincoln and in 1584 bishop of Winchester.

Cooper was a stout controversialist; he defended the practice and precept of the Church of England against the Roman Catholics on the one hand and against the Martin Marprelate writings and the Puritans on the other. He took some part, the exact extent of which is disputed, in the persecution of religious recusants in his diocese, and died at Winchester on 29 April 1594.

Cooper's "Admonition against Martin Marprelate" was reprinted in 1847, and his "Answer in Defence of the Truth against the Apology of Private Mass" in 1850.

Footnote: Mass Chief Justice Samuel Sewell's 2 vol diary mentions his extolling this Thomas Cooper as ancestor of his daughter's husband Rev William Cooper of Boston's Brattle Street Church (a son of Capt Thomas Cooper of Boston and Mehitable Minot, niece of Dep Gov Staunton... exceptthere are no reported sons of this Bishop Thomas Cooper). /s/ the pro

References

*1911

Persondata
NAME= Cooper, Thomas
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=English bishop, lexicographer, and writer
DATE OF BIRTH=c. 1517
PLACE OF BIRTH=Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
DATE OF DEATH=April 29 1594
PLACE OF DEATH=Winchester, Hampshire, England


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas Watson (bishop) — Thomas Watson (1515 1584), was a Catholic Bishop, notable among Catholics for his descriptions of the Protestant Reformation.Early lifeWatson was born near Durham in 1515 at a time when England was arguably the most Catholic country in… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Griffiths (bishop) — Thomas Griffiths (born in London, 2 June, 1791; died 19 August, 1847) was an English Roman Catholic bishop.LifeHe was the first and only Vicar Apostolic of the London District educated wholly in England. At the age of thirteen he was sent to St.… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Cooper — may refer to: Thomas Buchecker Cooper (1823–1862) U.S. congressman from Pennsylvania Thomas Cooper, 1st Baron Cooper of Culross (1892–1955), Scottish politician, judge and historian Thomas Cooper (bishop) (1517–1594), English bishop of Lincoln… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Watson (bishop of Lincoln) — Thomas Watson (1515–1584) was a Catholic Bishop, notable among Catholics for his descriptions of the Protestant Reformation. Contents 1 Early life 2 Absalom 3 Academic career and the purging of undercover Papists …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Elyot — Sir Thomas Elyot (c. 1490 ndash; March 26, 1546), was an English diplomat and scholar.Thomas was the child of Sir Richard Elyot s first marriage with Alice De la Mare, but neither the date nor place of his birth is accurately known. Anthony Wood… …   Wikipedia

  • Cooper (surname) — Cooper is a surname originating in England,[1] and means maker of barrels; see Cooper (profession). Cooper is the 32nd most common surname in the United Kingdom.[2] Many notable persons share this surname. Contents: Top · 0–9 A B C D E F G H …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Francis Knox — (24 December 1822, Brussels – 20 March 1882, LondonThompson Cooper, [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/15790 ‘Knox, Thomas Francis (1822–1882)’] , rev. Sheridan Gilley, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press, 2004,… …   Wikipedia

  • Cooper, Thomas — ▪ British writer born March 20, 1805, Leicester, Leicestershire, Eng. died July 15, 1892, Lincoln, Lincolnshire       English writer whose political epic The Purgatory of Suicides (1845) promulgated in verse the principles of Chartism, Britain s… …   Universalium

  • Thomas Bartley — Thomas Welles Bartley (* 11. Februar 1812 im Jefferson County, Ohio; † 20. Juni 1885) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und im Jahr 1844 der 17. Gouverneur von Ohio. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 Politischer Aufstieg und Go …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Welles Bartley — (* 11. Februar 1812 im Jefferson County, Ohio; † 20. Juni 1885) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und im Jahr 1844 der 17. Gouverneur von Ohio. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 Politischer Aufstieg und Go …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.