Interaction-free measurement

In physics, interaction-free measurement is a type of measurement in quantum mechanics that detects the position or state of an object without an interaction occurring between it and the measuring device. Examples include the Renninger negative-result experiment, the Elitzur-Vaidman bomb-testing problem, and certain double-cavity optical systems.


* Mauritius Renninger, "Messungen ohne Storung des Messobjekts (Observations without disturbing the object)", (1960) Zeitschrift für Physik, 158 pp 417-421.
* Mauritius Renninger, (1953) Zeitschrift für Physik, 136 p 251
* Louis de Broglie, "The Current Interpretation of Wave Mechanics", (1964) Elsevier, Amsterdam. "(Provides discussion of the Renninger experiment.)"
* Robert H. Dicke, (1981) American J. Physics 49 p 925. "(Provides a recent discussion of the Renninger experiment)".
* John G. Cramer, " [ The Transactional Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics] ", (1986) Reviews of Modern Physics, 58, pp.647-688. "(Section 4.1 reviews Renninger's experiment)".
* A. C. Elitzur and L. Vaidman, "Quantum mechanical interaction-free measurements". "Foundations of Physics" 23 (1993), 987-97.
* Roger Penrose, (2004). "The Road to Reality: A Complete Guide to the Laws of Physics". Jonathan Cape, London.
* A.G. White, J.R. Mitchell, O. Nairz, and P.G. Kwiat, "'Interaction-free imaging," "Physical Review" A 58, (1998) 605.
* P.G. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, T. Herzog, A. Zeilinger, and M.A. Kasevich, "Interaction-free measurement," "Physical Review Letters" 74, (1995) 4763.
* P.G. Kwiat, [ "The Tao of Quantum Interrogation"] , (2001).
* S.M. Carroll, [ "Quantum Interrogation"] , (2006).
* G. S. Paraoanu, "Interaction-Free Measurements with Superconducting Qubits", "Physical Review Letters" 97, (2006) 180406.

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