Geography of the British Virgin Islands

Geography of the British Virgin Islands
See also: British Virgin Islands
Map of British Virgin Islands
British Virgin Islands.jpg

Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates:

18°30′N 64°30′W / 18.5°N 64.5°W / 18.5; -64.5

Map references:

Central America and the Caribbean


total: 151 km²
note: comprises 16 inhabited and more than 20 uninhabited islands; includes the islands of Tortola, Anegada, Virgin Gorda and Jost van Dyke
water: 0 km²
land: 151 km²

Area - comparative:

about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

0 km


80 km

Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):

territorial sea:nmi (5.6 km; 3.5 mi)
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)


subtropical; humid; temperatures moderated by trade winds


coral islands relatively flat; volcanic islands steep, hilly

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Sage 521 m

Natural resources:


Land use:

arable land: 20%
permanent crops: 6.67%
other: 73.33% (2005)

Irrigated land:


Natural hazards:

hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October)

Environment - current issues:

limited natural fresh water resources (except for a few seasonal streams and springs on Tortola, most of the islands' water supply comes from wells and rainwater catchments)

Geography - note:

strong ties to nearby US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico


The British Virgin Islands enjoy a tropical climate, moderated by trade winds. Temperatures vary little throughout the year. In the capital, Road Town, typical daily maxima are around 32 °C (89.6 °F) in the summer and 29 °C (84.2 °F) in the winter. Typical daily minima are around 24 °C (75.2 °F) in the summer and 21 °C (69.8 °F) in the winter. Rainfall averages about 1,150 mm (45.3 in) per year, higher in the hills and lower on the coast. Rainfall can be quite variable, but the wettest months on average are September to November and the driest months on average are February and March. Hurricanes occasionally hit the islands, with the hurricane season running from June to November.


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