List of unrecognized accreditation associations of higher learning


List of unrecognized accreditation associations of higher learning

This is a list of entities that have been identified as accreditors of higher education institutions, but that lack necessary legal authority or government recognition to provide such educational accreditation.

Rules for educational accreditation vary from country to country. In most countries, the function of accreditation for educational institutions is conducted by a government ministry of education. In the United States educational accreditation is performed by private nonprofit membership associations. In the United States, accredited institutions of higher education must be accredited by agencies recognized by the United States Department of Education (USDE) or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA). Often a school claiming accreditation from an unrecognized accreditor will not be viewed as legitimate in the academic community. [http://www.chea.org/pdf/fact_sheet_6_diploma_mills.pdf] Institutional accreditation is required for institutions to receive U.S. government funds. Also, students who attend institutions of higher education that are accredited through accreditation associations not recognized by the USDE or CHEA do not qualify for U.S. government financial aid. [ [http://www.chea.org/pdf/overview_US_accred_8-03.pdf An Overview of U.S. Accreditation] , by Judith S. Eaton, CHEA, accessed March 11, 2008] Recognized accreditors in the United States are listed in databases maintained by the USDE [ [http://ope.ed.gov/accreditation/ Institution Accreditation - main Page ] ] and CHEA [http://www.chea.org/pdf/CHEA_USDE_AllAccred.pdf Recognized Accrediting Organizations (as of October 2007)] , lists accreditation organizations recognized by CHEA and/or USDE (accessed March 08, 2008)]

The following is a partial list of unrecognized accreditation associations of higher learning, as identified by the organizations themselves, government authorities in their respective countries, or other independent authorities. Also, included are some organizations that do not offer educational accreditation but have been misidentified as accreditors by organizations that offer educational services.

List

*Accreditation Council of Theological Studies, Kochi, India Fact|date=May 2008
*Accreditation Council for TESOL Distance Education Courses Fact|date=May 2008
* Accreditation Governing Commission of the United States of America
* Accrediting Commission International (ACI) (in Beebe, Arkansas) (aka International Accrediting Commission) [http://www.osac.state.or.us/oda/accreditation.html “Accrediting” entities not recognized by the State of Oregon] , Oregon State Office of Degree Authorization (accessed March 8, 2008)]
* Accrediting Council for Colleges and Schools (ACCS)Fact|date=August 2008
* Adult Higher Education Alliance [ [http://www.elearners.com/resources/diploma-mills.asp Diploma Mills: How to Identify and Avoid Fake Online Degrees - eLearners.com ] ]
* Alternative Institution Accrediting Association (AIAA)
* American Accrediting Association of Theological Institutions (AATI) (in Rocky Mount, North Carolina) [http://books.google.com/books?id=k67XC_7y5xEC&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&ots=PTN1cwPo2u&sig=eTG3v_IIktMwPMCbtf7OCmUlrQI&hl=en#PPA61,M1 Bears' Guide to Earning Degrees by Distance Learning] By John Bear, Mariah P. Bear (2003), page 61]
* American Association for Higher Education and Accreditation (AAHEA)
* American Association of Drugless Practitioners Commission on Accreditation (AADPCA)
* American Association of Independent Collegiate Schools of Business
* American Association of International Medical Graduates (AAIMG)
* American Association of Non-traditional Colleges and Universities (AANCU)Fact|date=August 2008
* American Association of Schools (AAS) [http://www.a-aos.org/] Citation broken|date=March 2008
* American Council of Private Colleges and Universities (ACPCU) "(connected to the operator of Hamilton University, now called Richardson University)" [http://chronicle.com/free/v47/i28/28a03401.htm States Struggle to Regulate Online Colleges That Lack Accreditation] by Sarah Carr and Andrea L. Foster, "The Chronicle of Higher Education", March 23, 2001]
* American Federation of Colleges and Schools (AFCS)
* American Federation of Colleges and Seminaries(AmFed)(AFCS) or American Federation of Christian Colleges and Schools (in Lakeland, Florida)
* American Naturopathic Certification Board (ANCB)
* American Naturopathic Medical Accreditation BoardCanyon College, which asserts accreditation through this U.S.-based entity, states that the entity "is not affiliated with or approved by the United States Department of Education or other accreditors recognized by the U.S. Department of Education." See [http://www.canyoncollege.edu/cc/accredit.htm Canyon College Accreditation] , Canyon College website (accessed July 22, 2008).]
* American Naturopathic Medical Certification and Accreditation Board (ANMCAB or ANMAB)
* American Naturopathic Medicine Association (ANMA)
* American Universities Admission Program [ [http://insidehighered.com/news/2006/02/10/aacrao Registrars’ Group Takes On Diploma Mills] , "Inside Higher Ed", February 10, 2006.]
* Arizona Commission of Non-Traditional Private Postsecondary Education
* Asia Theological Association (ATA) Fact|date=June 2008
* Association for Distance Learning (ADLP) (aka National Academy of Higher Education and Association of Distance Learning Programs)
* Association for Innovation in Distance Education [ [http://www.the-aide.org/ Association for Innovation in Distance Education] website (accessed July 20, 2008): "AIDE is not an accrediting agency approved/recognized by the U.S. Department of Education."]
* Association for Online Academic Excellence (AOAE) (may be based in Wales)
* Association of Christian Colleges and Theological Schools (in Virginia)
* Association of Christian Schools International (ACSI) (in Colorado Springs, Colorado)
* Association of Distance Learning Programs (ADLP) "(aka Association for Distance Learning and National Academy of Higher Education)"
* Association of International Education Assessors (includes Council for Distance Education Accreditation) Association of International Education Assessors and its affiliate, the Council for Distance Education Accreditation, are based in the United States (Murfreesboro, Tennessee), but [http://aiea-edu.org/faq.php their website states] that the organization is "is not listed with any government agency or the U.S. Department of Education." ]
* Association of Reformed Theological Seminaries
* Board of Online Universities Accreditation (BOUA)
* Board of Theological Education of the Senate of Serampore College (BTESS, aka Serampore University) Fact|date=July 2008
* British Learning Association (BLA)
* Central States Consortium of Colleges & Schools (CSCCS) "(connected to the operator of Breyer State University)"
* Centre of Academic Excellence UK (CAEUK)
* Central States Council on Distance Education (CSCDE; based in Washington, DC)
* Christian Accrediting Association (CAA)
* Commission on Medical Denturitry Accreditation (COMDA) [http://www.chea.org/Events/BoardMeetings/2001January.cfm Minutes, CHEA Board of Directors Meeting, January 22, 2001] : "At its September 25, 2000 meeting, the board of directors accepted the committee on recognition's recommendation that the American Denturitry Association Council on Denturitry Education Commission on Denturitry Accreditation be deemed ineligible to be considered for CHEA recognition."]
* Council for Distance Education Accreditation (CDEA; connected to Association of International Education Assessors)
* Council for International Education Accreditation (CIEA)
* Council of Online Higher Education (COHE)
* Council on Postsecondary Christian Education - According to John Bear's list of unrecognized accreditors, this organization was established by the operators of LaSalle University (Louisiana) and Kent College (Louisiana). [http://www.degree.net/guides/non-gaap_listings.html Accrediting Agencies Not Recognized Under GAAP] (website recommended by [http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ous/international/usnei/us/edlite-accred-fraud.html U.S. Department of Education] ; both websites accessed October 21, 2007)]
* Council on Medical Denturitry Education (COMDE)
* Distance Education Council (DEC) "(connected to the operator of Saint Regis University)" (not to be confused with the legitimate Distance Education Council recognized by the Indian Department of Education [http://www.education.nic.in/higedu.asp] )
* Distance Graduation Accrediting Association
* Distance Learning Council of Europe (DLCE) "(connected to University Degree Program)"
* Education Accrediting Association (in Idaho)
* European Accreditation Board of Higher Education Schools
* European Committee for Home and Online Education (ECHOE) "(connected to University Degree Program)" [Marsha Forys, [http://pittsburghlive.com/x/dailycourier/news/connellsville/s_328132.html Children's counselor charged with fraud] , "Pittsburgh Tribune-Review", April 26, 2005]
* European Council for Distance and Open Learning (ECDOE) "(connected to University Degree Program)"
* Examining Board of Natural Medicine Practitioners (EBNMP)
* Global Accreditation Commission (GAC)
* Higher Education Accreditation Commission (HEAC)
* Higher Education Services Association (HESA) "(connected to University Degree Program)"
* Hygienic Doctors Association (HDA) [Although based in the United States (Helena, Montana), the [http://www.thehda.org/ Hygienic Doctors Association official website] states (in an [http://www.thehda.org/faq.html FAQ] ) as its response to the question "Is The H.D.A. recognized by the Department of Education?" that "Current laws in the United States of America prohibit the recognition of global accreditation of associations and organizations," indicating its acknowledgment that it lacks recognition.]
* Integra Accreditation Association (IAA)
* Inter-Collegiate Joint Committee on Academic Standards (ICJCAS)
* Interfaith Education Ministries (IEM)
* International Academic Accrediting Commission (IAAC)
* International Accreditation Agency for Online Universities (IAAOU) "(connected to operators of Ashwood University, Belford University, and Rochville University)" [ [http://www.houstonpress.com/Issues/2006-07-20/news/news.html First-Degree Fraud] "Houston Press" July 20, 2006]
* International Accreditation Association (IAA)
* International Accreditation for Universities, Colleges and Institutes (IAUCI)
* International Accreditation and Recognition Council (IARC) [ [http://www.iarcedu.com/default.aspx IARC website states] that its recognition "does not guarantee any sort of acceptance by any particular country or government" and [http://www.iarcedu.com/newsletters/Feb08.htm its February 2008 newsletter] states that IARC "derives it’s authority from it’s membership rather than government or any one particular industry body". (Website accessed March 11, 2008; spelling and punctuation are those used in the source.)]
* International Accrediting Association for Colleges and Universities (IAACU)
* International Accrediting Commission (IAC) (Kenosha, Wisconsin) (aka Accrediting Commission International)
* International Accrediting Commission for Postsecondary Institutions (IACPI)
* International Assembly for Collegiate Business Education (IACBE) [Provides program accreditation; not institutional accreditation. [http://www.iacbe.org/html/administrative_faqs.html#CHEA IACBE website] states that CHEA has "declared the IACBE to be eligible for CHEA recognition" and "the IACBE is currently in the process of seeking that recognition."]
* International Association of Educators for World Peace "(Includes the international organization [ [http://iaewp.net/ International Association of Educators for World Peace] ] and national affiliates in individual countries. Although some unaccredited institutions may have claimed accreditation from this organization, it is not engaged in educational accreditation nor is it an authorized accreditor.)"
* International Association of Universities and Schools (IAUS) [http://chronicle.com/cgi2-bin/printable.cgi?article=http://chronicle.com/free/v50/i42/42a00901.htm Psst. Wanna Buy a Ph.D.?] "Chronicle for Higher Education" by Thomas Bartlett and Scott Smallwood, June 25, 2004]
* International Commission for Higher Education (ICHE)
* International Commission of Open Post Secondary Education (ICOPSE)
* International Council for Accrediting Alternate and Theological Studies (Kerala, India) [http://www.icaats.org.in/] Fact|date=August 2008
* International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICODE)
* International Distance Learning Accrediting Association (IDLAA)
* International Interfaith Accreditation Association [http://www.iiaaweb.org/] (IIAA) (Closing down operations at the end of May 2007 [According to the recognition page of the Calamus International University [http://www.unicalamus.org/accred.htm] , the IIAA is closing down operations at the end of May 2007.] )
* International University Accrediting Association (IUAA) (in California)
* Kingdom Fellowship of Christian Schools and Colleges
* Middle States Accrediting Board (MSAB)
* Midwestern States Accreditation Agency (MSAA)
* National Academy of Higher Education (NAHE) "(aka Association for Distance Learning)" Associated Press, [http://www.billingsgazette.com/newdex.php?display=rednews/2005/04/23/build/wyoming/35-distance-degree.inc Cheyenne police chief defends distance-learning degree] , April 23, 2005.]
* National Accreditation Association (NAA)Fact|date=August 2008
* National Association for Private Post-Secondary Education (NAPSE)
* National Association of Alternative Schools and Colleges (NAASC)
* National Association of Open Campus Colleges (NAOCC)
* National Association of Private Nontraditional Schools and Colleges (NAPNSC; Grand Junction, Colorado) [ [http://www.napnsc.org/ National Association of Private Nontraditional Schools and Colleges website] ]
* National Board of Education of Liberia [The higher education approval authority in Liberia is the National Commission on Higher Education, which reports that some fake universities diploma mills have disseminated fake documentation from Liberian authorities. [http://www.embassyofliberia.org/news/item_a.html Republic of Liberia National Commission on Higher Education, Urgent Disclaimer on the Illegal Establishment and Recognition of Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Liberia] (2004).]
* National College Accreditation Council (NCAC)
* National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA)
* National Council of Schools and Colleges (NCSC)
* National Commission on Higher Education (NCHE)
* National Distance Learning Accreditation Council (NDLAC) "(Glenndale University and Suffield University claim NDLAC accreditation)"
* National Learning Online Council (NLOC)
* Naturopathic National Council (NNC)
* Non-Traditional Course Accreditation Body (NTCAB)
* Online Christ Centered Ministries [Online Christ Centered Ministries describes its purposes solely as religious objectives. Listed purposes include facilitating evangelism, establishing accountability ("Maintain worthy, theological, ethical and evangelical standards among members") and recognition ("Recognize competent and credentialed ministries doing kingdom work on and off the internet"), and stimulating "solid, Christian education and the subsequent responsibility of teaching and evangelism." (See [http://www.occm.org/OurPurpose.htm Our Purpose] and [http://web.archive.org/web/20031210221930/www.sbcollege.net/Accreditation.htm Shepherd Bible College's Accreditation page] .) On the OCCM website, member institutions are identified as "quality, exemplary, Christian ministries" (see [http://www.occm.org/OurMembers.htm Our Members] ). (Websites accessed August 26, 2007.)]
* Pacific Association of Schools and Colleges (PASC)
* Regional Education Accrediting Commission (REDAC)
* Serampore University, see Board of Theological Education of the Senate of Serampore College
* Southern Accrediting Association of Bible Institutes and Colleges (SAABIC) [http://web.archive.org/web/20070217012233/http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/AAR/PrivateInstitutions/FraudulentAccreditors.cfm Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board List of Fraudulent or Unrecognized Accreditors] (archived February 17, 2007)]
* The Association for Online Distance Learning (TAODL)
* Transworld Accrediting Commission International (TWACI), Riverside, California, USA [ [http://traccom.org/ Transworld Accrediting Commission International - Home Page ] ]
* United Congress of Colleges (UCC) (Ireland, UK)
* US-DETC—Nevada (not to be confused with the legitimate DETC, based in Washington DC.)
* Universal Council for Online Education Accreditation (UCOEA)
* Virtual University Accrediting Association (VUAA)
* Virtual University Accrediting Association (in California) (VUAA)
* West European Accrediting Society (WEAS)
* Western Association of Private Alternative Schools (WAPAS)
* Western Council on Non-Traditional Private Post Secondary Education (WCNPPSE)
* World Conference of Associations of Theological Institutions [See [http://www.wocati.org/ World Conference of Associations of Theological Institutions website] ; WOCATI is an international consortium that includes accrediting organizations; it does not describe accreditation as one of its functions.]
* World Association of Universities and Colleges (WAUC) (in Nevada; operated by Maxine Asher)
* World Council For Excellence in Higher Education (WCEHE)
* World Online Education Accrediting Commission (WOEAC)
* World-wide Accreditation Commission of Christian Educational Institutions (WACCEI) [The [http://fgcfi.tripod.com/wwac.htm Commission's website] (accessed July 17, 2008) states: "The World Wide Accreditation Commission of Christian Educational Institution, in accordance with the Inspired teaching of the Bible, has chosen not to seek endorsement with either the EAES or CHEA."]

References

ee also

* Accreditation mill
* Diploma mill
* List of recognized accreditation associations of higher learning
* List of unaccredited institutions of higher learning

ources

* [http://www.chea.org Council on Higher Education Accreditation]
* [http://www.credentialwatch.org/non/agencies.shtml Credential Watch's list and references for unofficial accreditation]
* [http://www.aju.edu/usdoe_faqs.htm Andrew Jackson University List of Unapproved accreditors]
* [http://www.cpec.ca.gov/CollegeGuide/NonAccredited.asp California Postsecondary Education Commission List of Unrecognized Accreditation Agencies] -- In addition to unrecognized higher-education accreditors, this list includes several organizations that are not engaged in educational accreditation and do not represent themselves as higher-education accreditors, but that may have been listed as accreditation sources by one or more institutions.
* [http://www.michigan.gov/documents/Non-accreditedSchools_78090_7.pdf State of Michigan Lists of Nonaccredited Colleges and Universities and Unapproved Accrediting Bodies]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20070217012233/http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/AAR/PrivateInstitutions/FraudulentAccreditors.cfm Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board List of Fraudulent or Unrecognized Accreditors] (archived February 17, 2007)


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