- Unitary urbanism
Unitary urbanism (UU) was the critique of
status quo urbanismemployed by the Lettrist Internationaland then further developed by the Situationist Internationalbetween approximately 1953 and 1960.
praxisoriginates from the Lettristtechnique of hypergraphicswhich was applied to architecture by the Lettrist International. The UU critique of urbanismwas further developed in the 1950s by the LI, consisting of a range of practices including but not limited to:
The critical practice continued to be developed by the Situationists and others. It was largely abandoned for the Debordian theory of the spectacle after the
Second Situationist Internationaland Situationist Antinationalwere formed. Londonbased evoL Psychogeographixis one of the few groups openly practicing unitary urbanism today.
It was announced as a very specific and precise praxis at the
Albaplatform between the Lettrist International and the International Movement For An Imaginist Bauhauswhere Gil J Wolmanannounced "A unitary urbanism — the synthesis of art and technology that we call for — must be constructed according to certain new values of life, values which now need to be distinguished and disseminated."t in his Address by the Lettrist International Delegate to the Alba Conference of September 1956 [http://www.cddc.vt.edu/sionline/presitu/wolman.html] . It was also appellated in a tract distributed during demonstration by Lettrists in Turin, Italyin December 1956. [http://www.notbored.org/UU.html] Constant Nieuwenhuysand Guy Deborddisagreed about the praxis, issuing the designation "the complex, ongoing activity which consciously recreates man's environment according to the most advanced conceptions in every domain," however the widening gulf between Nieuwenhuys' "structural" approach and Debord's focus on "content" eventually lead to Nieuwenhuy's split from the SI in 1960 [http://www.notbored.org/ten-years-on.html] .
Unitary urbanism, one of the major early Situationist concerns [http://www.socialfiction.org/psychogeography/unitary_urbanism.html] , stands on two tenets:
**the rejection of the standard
Euclidean, almost wholly functional approach to urban architectural design, and
**the rejection of the compartmentalized way in which "art" is typically detached from its surroundings.
In the relative
utopiaof the UU ideal, the structural and artistic elements of man's metropolitan surroundings are blended into such gray areathat one cannot identify where function ends and play begins. The resulting society, while it caters to fundamental needs, does so in an atmosphere of continual exploration, leisure, and stimulating ambience.
Providence Initiative for Psychogeographic Studies
The Workshop for Non-Linear Architecture
"Whatever prestige the
bourgeoisiemay today be willing to grant to fragmentary or deliberately retrograde artistic tentatives, creation can now be nothing less than a synthesis aiming at the construction of entire atmospheres and styles of life. . . . A unitary urbanism — the synthesis we call for, incorporating arts and technologies — must be created in accordance with new values of life, values which we now need to distinguish and disseminate. . . . " Gil J Wolman“La plate-forme d’Alba” originally appeared in Potlatch: Information Bulletin of the Lettrist International #27 (Paris, 2 November 1956).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Urbanism — is the study of cities mdash; their geographic, economic, political, social and cultural environment, and the imprint of all these forces on the built environment. Urbanism is also the practice of creating human communities for living, work, and… … Wikipedia
Psychogeography — evoL PsychogeogrAphix 2003 evoL PsychogeogrAphix 2003 … Wikipedia
Situationist International — The Situationist International (SI) was a small group of international political and artistic agitators with roots in Marxism, Lettrism and the early 20th century European artistic and political avant gardes. Formed in 1957, the SI was active in… … Wikipedia
Constant Nieuwenhuys — Constant Anton Nieuwenhuys (21 July 1920 – 1 August 2005) was a Dutch painter, and one of the foremost innovators of Unitary Urbanism. In 1941, he became deeply interested in the work of Paul Cézanne, Cubism and German Expressionism. He was born… … Wikipedia
List of urban planning topics — Urban, city, or town planning is the discipline of planning which explores several aspects of the built and social environments of municipalities and communities:*American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP) *American Planning Association… … Wikipedia
Letterist International — The Letterist International (LI) was a Paris based collective of radical artists and theorists between 1952 and 1957, who provide the link between Isidore Isou s Letterist group and the Situationist International. The spelling Lettrist is also… … Wikipedia
Libertarian socialism — Part of a series on Libertarian socialism … Wikipedia
Guy Debord — Guy Ernest Debord Full name Guy Ernest Debord Born December 28, 1931(1931 12 28) Paris, France Died November 30, 1994(1994 11 30) (aged 62) … Wikipedia
Charles Radcliffe — Part of the Politics series on Situationists … Wikipedia
Piero Simondo — (born August 25 1928) is an Italian artist.Piero was born in Cosio di Arroscia, Liguria, Italy.In Alba, Piedmont, Italy, with Asger Jorn and Giuseppe Pinot Gallizio he founded the Laboratory of immaginiste experiences as part of the International … Wikipedia