- Eastern Visayas
Infobox Philippine region
name = Region VIII
map_file = Ph_locator_region 8.png
Tacloban City, Leyte
population = 3,610,355
density_km2 = 168.5
area_km2 = 21,431.6
provinces = 6
cities = 6
municipalities = 137
barangays = 4,390
districts = 12
languages = Waray-Waray (Leyte-Samarnon), Cebuano, Abaknon
Eastern Visayas is one of the two regions of the
Philippineshaving no land border with another region, MIMAROPAbeing the other, and is designated as Region VIII. It consists of six provinces, namely, Biliran, Eastern Samar, Leyte, Northern Samar, Samar and Southern Leyte. These provinces occupy the easternmost islands of Visayas: Leyte, Samar and Biliran. The regional center is Tacloban City.
Region VIII is inhabited by the Waray-Warays , the country’s fourth largest cultural linguistic group. But Cebuanos, from the nearby island of Cebu live in Ormoc City, Western Leyte and parts of the southwest of Leyte.
The eastern portion of the region is frequently visited by storms from the
Pacific Ocean. The region receives heavy rainfall throughout the year with no pronounced dry season.
Eastern Visayas is primarily an agricultural region with
rice, corn, coconut, sugarcaneand bananaas major crops. Its total land area is 21,431.7 km². 52% of its total land area are classified as forestland and 48% as alienable and disposable land.
The region’s sea and inland waters are rich sources of salt and fresh water fish and other marine products. It is one of the fish exporting regions of the country. There are substantial forest reserves in the interiors of the islands. Its mineral deposits include
chromite, nickel, clay, coal, limestone, pyriteand sandand gravel. It has abundant geothermal energy and water resources to support the needs of medium and heavy industries.
Primary sources of revenue are manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade and services. Mining, farming, fishing and
tourismcontribute significantly to the economy Manufacturing firms include mining companies, fertilizer plants, sugar central, rice and corn mills and other food processing plants. Cebu is the hub of investment, trade and development in the region.
Other industries include mining, rice, corn and sugar milling, coconut oil extraction, alcohol distilling, beverage manufacture and forest products. Home industries include hat and basket weaving, metal craft, needlecraft, pottery, ceramics, woodcraft, shell craft and bamboo craft.
Wilsam Uptown Mallin Borongan Cityis the largest Shopping Mall in Eastern Visayas. However, Robinson's Tacloban is also under construction, and is expected to open this December, 2008.
Waray-Waray is spoken on the island of Samar, eastern Biliran and the eastern part of the province of Leyte while Cebuano is spoken in the rest of Leyte, western Biliran, as well as in the province of
Southern Leyte; both of these languages are called Visayan by their speakers. A Samar language, distantly related to the languages of the region, called Abaknon is spoken in the island of Capul in Northern Samar.
Borongan City, Eastern Samar
Baybay City, Leyte
Calbayog City, Samar
Catbalogan City, Samar
Maasin City, Southern Leyte
Ormoc City¹, Leyte
Tacloban City, Leyte
Ormoc Cityis an independent component city.
* [http://warayliterature.blogspot.com/2007/11/literature-of-eastern-visayas.html Literature of Eastern Visayas]
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