official_name = City of Bacolod
other_name = "Lungsod ng Bacolod"
native_name = "Dakbanwa sang Bacolod"
nickname = City of Smiles
Football City of the Philippines [cite news|title=Bacolod City is declared as Football City by virtue of Resolution # 773 |url=http://www.bacolodcity.gov.ph/1105061.htm |publisher=Public Information - Bacolod City Mayor's Office |date=2006-11-05 |accessdate=2007-11-16]
seal_size = 96px
map_caption = Map of
Negros Occidentalshowing the location of Bacolod City. |
pushpin_map_caption =Location in the Philippines
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Region
Western Visayas(Region VI)
subdivision_type2 = Province
subdivision_type3 = Districts
subdivision_name3 = Lone District of Bacolod City
subdivision_name4 = 61
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Evelio Ramos Leonardia (NPC) (2007-2010)
leader_title1 = Vice Mayor
leader_name1 = Jude Thaddeus Sayson (2007-2010)
established_title2 = Incorporated (town)
established_date2 = 1770
established_title3 = Incorporated (city)
June 18, 1938
area_total_km2 = 161.45
population_as_of = 2000
population_as_of = August 2007
population_total = 2,429,076
population_total = 499,497
population_density_km2 = 2657.6
timezone = PST
utc_offset = +8
latd=10 |latm=40 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=122 |longm= 57|longs= |longEW=E
elevation_m = 21.7
postal_code = 6100
area_code = 34
website = [http://www.bacolodcity.gov.ph www.bacolodcity.gov.ph]
:"For the municipality in Lanao del Norte, see
Bacolod, Lanao del Norte. For the Philippine Navy ship, see BRP Bacolod City (LC-550).
Bacolod City is the capital and largest highly urbanized mid-size
Philippinecity of the province of Negros Occidental. Having a total of 499,497 inhabitants as of August 1, 2007, it is the most populous city in the Western Visayas Region. [Government of the Philippines. [http://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/2007/region%206.pdf "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of August 1, 2007 (Region VI - Western Visayas)"] , "National Statistics Office, Republic of the Philippines", April 16, 2008. Retrieved on May 11, 2008.] It is notable for its MassKara Festivalheld during October. Known for being a relatively friendly city, it bears the nickname "City of Smiles." Bacolod City recently topped a survey by "MoneySense Magazine" as the "Best Place to Live in the Philippines". [cite news | last =Ledesma | first =Jun | title =Ledesma:Best Place to Live in Davao City | pages = | publisher =Sun.Star Davao | date = 2008-04-01| url =http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/dav/2008/04/01/oped/jun.ledesma.sunbursts.html | accessdate = 2008-05-29]
The city's name is derived from the
Hiligaynonword "bakolod" – meaning "stonehill" – since the settlement was founded in 1770 on a stony, hilly area, now the district of Granada.
Due to Muslim raids in 1787, Bacolod was transferred towards the shoreline. The old site was called "Da-an Banwa", meaning "old town".
In 1894, by order of Governor General Claveria, through Negros Island Governor Manuel Valdevieso Morquecho, Bacolod was made the capital of the Province of Negros. Bernardino de los Santos became the first "gobernadorcillo" and Fray Julian Gonzaga the first parish priest.
The success of the revolution in Bacolod was attributed to the low morale of the local Spanish detachment, due to its defeat in
Panayand Luzonand to the psychological warfare waged by Generals Aniceto Lacsonand Juan Araneta. In 1897, a battle in Bacolod was fought at Matab-ang River. A year later, on November 5, 1898, the Negrense "Revolucionarios," armed with knives, bolos, spears, and rifle-like "nipa" stems, and pieces of "sawali" or "amakan" mounted on carts, captured the "convento" where Coronel Isidro de Castro y Cisneros, well-armed "cazadores" and platoons of civil guards, surrendered. Two days later, on the 7th, most of the revolutionary army gathered together to establish a Provisional Junta and to confirm the elections of Aniceto Lacson as president, Juan Araneta as war-delegate, as well as the other officials.
On March 1899, the American forces led by Colonel James G. Smith occupied Bacolod, the revolutionary capital of the Provisional Republic of Negros.
By virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 326, enacted by the National Assembly, Bacolod was made a chartered city on
October 19, 1938.
World War II, Bacolod City was occupied by Japanese forces on May 21, 1942. The Japanese commanding general seized the Mariano Ramos Ancestral House, home of the first appointed "Presidente Municipal" of Bacolod, which served as the seat of power and a watchtower over city. The city was liberated by the Filipino and American forces on May 29, 1945. It took time to rebuild Bacolod after liberation. The city's public markets and slaughterhouses were rebuilt during the administration of former mayor Vicente Remitiofrom 1947 to 1949.
On February 20, 1981,
Pope John Paul IIvisited Bacolod City as part of his historical first journey to Asia.
Bacolod City is located on the northwestern coast of the Province of Negros Occidental. It is bounded on the northwest by the town of Talisay; on the east by the City of Silay; on the east and southwest by the town of Murcia; on the southwest by the City of Bago; and in the west by the Guimaras Strait. The global location of Bacolod City is 10 degrees, 40 minutes 40 seconds - north and 122 degrees 54 minutes 25 seconds - east with Bacolod Public Plaza as the benchmark.
Bacolod has a total land area of 16,145 hectares, including straits and bodies of water and the 124 hectare reclamation area; and is composed of 61 barangay (villages) and 639 purok (smaller units composing a village). It is accessible by sea through the ports of Banago; the BREDCO Port in the Reclamation Area, and the port of Pulupandan. By air, it is accessible through the Bacolod Airport, which is approximately three (3) (four is counting from the Lagoon) kilometers away from the center of the city.
Bacolod is ideally located on a level area, slightly sloping as it extends toward the sea with an average slope of 0.9 percent for the city proper and between 3 to 5 percent for the suburbs. The altitude is 32.8 feet or 10.0 meters above
sea levelwith the Bacolod City Public Plaza as the benchmark. Bacolod has two pronounced seasons, wet and dry. The rainy season starts from May to January of the following year with heavy rains occurring during the months of August and September. Dry season starts from the month of February until the last week of April.
Business Process Outsourcing
Bacolod City is the
Business Process Outsourcing(BPO) hub of the Western Visayas Regionof the Philippines. Among the notable BPO companies operating in the city are Convergys, Teleperformanceand TeleTech.
Language centers for Foreigners
Language centers catering to foreigners, like Koreans, are a popular business venture in the city. These centers give instruction in the
English languageand other related subjects. Universities and colleges in Bacolod also offer English language instruction for foreign students who currently reside in the city.
Along its highways, sugarcane plantations are a typical scene. As of 2003, 7,216 hectares of the city’s 8,560 hectares of agricultural land were still planted to sugarcane. Meanwhile, 915 hectares were devoted to rice, 120 hectares to assorted vegetables, 100 hectares to coconut, 43 hectares to banana and 34 hectares to corn. [Bitagun, Karen B. [http://www.philippinebusiness.com.ph/magazines/geographics.htm "The Future Smiles On The City Of Smiles"] , "
Philippine Business Magazine". Retrieved on May 11, 2008.] The people are also engaged in livestock, fishing and pottery.
According to the "Philippine Cities Competitiveness Ranking Project 2005" of
Asian Institute of Management(AIM), Bacolod tops the list as "Number One" in terms of infrastructure, ahead of such other mid-size cities like Iligan City, Calamba City, Cagayan de Oro Cityand General Santos City. Bacolod also tops the list as "Number One" in terms of quality of life, ahead of such other mid-size cities like San Fernando City, Baguio City, Iloilo Cityand Lipa City. AIM also recognizes Bacolod as one of the "Top Five" most competitive mid-size cities together with Batangas City, Iligan City, Iloilo Cityand San Fernando City. [ [http://www.aim.edu/media/PCCRP%202005%20final%20presentation.pdf "PINOY CITIES ON THE RISE The Philippine Cities Competitiveness Ranking Project 2005 National Presentation of Results"] , " Asian Institute of Management". Retrieved on May 11, 2008.]
Bacolod-Silay City International Airport
Bacolod-Silay City International Airporthas one primary runway convert|45|m|ft|sp=us wide and convert|2000|m|ft|sp=us long, just a bit longer than its predecessor, the Bacolod City Domestic Airport. The runway runs in a direction of 03°/21°, and can currently handle aircraft as large as the Airbus A330. Provisions for an convert|500|m|ft|sp=us|adj=on expansion of the present runway in order to accommodate even larger aircraft like the Boeing 747and the Airbus A340are in place.
Panaad Stadiumis a multi-use stadium in the city. It is currently used mostly for football matches, and was used for the 2005 South East Asian Games. It was the venue of the pre-qualifiers of the 2007 ASEAN Football Championshipor ASEAN Cup, in which the Philippines, Cambodia, Timor Leste, Bruneiand Laosparticipated. The stadium has a seating capacity of 15,500, but holds around 20,000 people with standing areas. It is unofficially designated as the home stadium of the Philippines national football team. Aside from the football field, it also has a rubberized track oval, an Olympic-size swimming pooland other sports facilities. Its unique feature is the replica of the landmarks of the 13 cities and municipalities of Negros Occidental.
Bacolod-Silay City International Airport(ICAO: RPVB, FAA/IATA: BCD) is 15 kilometers north-east from the city. The P4.37-billion airport is capable of handling all-weather and night-landing operations. Its 2,500-meter long and 45-meter wide runway, and 678-meter by 23-meter taxiways can accommodate Airbus A320 family-size aircraft, the Airbus A330and the Boeing 737, while the apron can hold five aircraft at any one time.
Bacolod City is 45 minutes by air from
Ninoy Aquino International Airportand 30 minutes by air from Mactan-Cebu International Airportplus approximately 20 minutes of travel by land since the new airport is now located in Silay City.
Port of Bacolodis a major seaportand has daily ferrytrips to Iloilo City. There are also access routes to Puerto Princesa City, Cagayan de Oro Cityand General Santos City. By boat, Bacolod City is 18 hours from the Port of Manilaand 45 minutes from the Port of Iloilo.
Bacolod City has two main roads, Lacson Street to the north and Araneta Street to the south. The city has a good traffic plan lay-out and very seldom has traffic jams. The streets in the downtown area are one way, making Bacolod City free from traffic congestion.
RORO-land, Bacolod City is approximately 3 hours from Iloilo Cityvia Dumangasroute. By land- ferry-land, Bacolod City is approximately 4 hours and 30 minutes from Cebu Cityvia Toledo City-San Carlos City- Salvador Benedictoroute. By land- RORO-land, Bacolod City is approximately 6 hours and 30 minutes from Cebu Cityvia Tabuelan- Escalante Cityroute.
Bacolod City is the Football City of the
Philippines. In 2005, the city hosted the 2005 Southeast Asian Games' footballtournament at the Panaad Stadiumand Paglaum Sports Complex. The city also hosted the qualifying tournament for the 2007 ASEAN Football Championshipat the Panaad Stadium.
Bacolod City hosted the
2008 PBA All-Star Weekend. The city is also a regular venue for the Philippine Basketball Associationout-of-town games.
Bacolod City has two major golf courses. These are the Bacolod Golf and Country Club and the Negros Occidental Golf and Country Club. The city hosted the 61st
Philippine AirlinesInter-club Golf Tournament and the 2008 Philippine Amateur Golf Championship.
Bacolod City has the following sister cities: [cite news|title=Highlights of the City |url=http://www.bacolodcity.gov.ph/highlights_of_the_city.htm |publisher=Public Information - Office of the City Mayor (Bacolod City) |accessdate=2008-08-17] [cite news|title=Bacolod City wants to establish business relations with sister cities |url=http://www.visayandailystar.com/2006/May/17/businessnews2.htm |publisher=Visayan Daily Star |date=2006-05-17 |accessdate=2008-08-17] [cite news|title=Naga City: Inside Cityhall - Executive Orders: Culture and Heritage, and Naming of Streets |url=http://www.naga.gov.ph/sp/list.php?id=4 |publisher=Naga City Local Government |date=2003 |accessdate=2008-09-24] [cite news|title=Bacolod forges ties with cities in Indonesia and South Korea |url=http://www.gmanews.tv/story/124856/Bacolod-forges-ties-with-cities-in-Indonesia-and-South-Korea |publisher=GMANews.TV |date=2008-10-04 |accessdate=2008-10-09]
List of tertiary schools in Bacolod City
* [http://www.bacolodcity.gov.ph/ Official Website of the City Government of Bacolod]
* [http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/default.asp Philippine Standard Geographic Code]
* [http://wikitravel.org/en/Bacolod Bacolod - Wikitravel]
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