Angelo Beolco (1502 –
March 17 1542), better known by the nickname Il Ruzzante or el Ruzante, was a Venetian actor and playwright.
He is known by his rustic comedies in the
Venetian languageof Padua, featuring a peasant called "Ruzzante". Those plays paint a vivid picture of Paduan country life in the 16th century.
Padua, Beolco was the illegitimate son of Giovan Francesco Beolco, a physician who occasionally worked at the University, and a certain Maria, possibly a maid. (It has been suggested, however, that his real name was Ruzzante, and that Beolco was a local corruption of "bifolco", meaning "ploughman" — by extension, "country simpleton".) Some claim that he was born in Pernumia, a town near Padua.
Angelo was raised in his father's household and there he received a good education. After Giovan Francesco's death in 1524, Angelo became manager of the family's estate, and later (1529) also of the farm of
Alvise Cornaro, a nobleman who had retired to the Paduan countryside and who became his friend and protector.
He developed his theatrical vocation by associating with contemporary Padua intellectuals, such as
Pietro Bemboand Sperone Speroni. His first stints as an author and actor may have been "mariazi", impromptu sketches delivered at marriage parties. In 1520, already known as "il Ruzzante", he played a role in a peasant play at the Foscari Palacein Venice. Soon afterwards he put together his own theater troupe. His plays were staged first at Ferrara(1529–1532) and then at Padua, in Cornaro's residence. He died in 1542, while preparing to stage Speroni's play "Canace", for the Accademia degli Infiammati.
In spite of his success as an actor, he was very poor through most of his life. His friend Speroni remarked that while Angelo had unsurpassed understanding of comedy, he was unable to perceive his own tragedy.
In his first printed play, "La Pastoral", labeled "a rural comedy", he contrasts Arcadian
shepherds who tell of their frustrated loves in affected tercets, with the peasants Ruzzante and Zilio, who deliver rustic verses in Venetian, generously spiced with vulgarities and obscenities (starting with Ruzante's very first word in the play). Much of the play's comical effect comes from the contrast between the two languages, which provides the occasion for many misunderstandings and wordplays. Featured is also a physician, who earns the gratitude of Ruzzante for prescribing a fatal medicine to his stingy father and thus uniting the lad with his long-awaited inheritance.
In his later plays and monologues he shifts to the Venetian language almost exclusively, while keeping up with his social satire. In the "Oratione", a welcome speech for Bishop
Marco Cornaro, he suggests several measures that the new prelate should consider for improving the peasants' life; such as either castrating the priests, or forcing them to marry — for the peace of mind of the local men and their wives.
Because of his "lascivious" themes and abundant use of "very dirty words" (in the evaluation of his contemporary critics), Beolco's plays were often considered unfit for educated audiences, and sometimes led to performances being canceled. On the other hand, his plays seem to have been well received by those rural nobles which had opposed the metropolitan nobility of Venice in the
Cambraic Wars. Perhaps for that reason, none of his plays was staged at Venice after 1526.
One of his best-known pieces is the short dialogue "Il Parlamento de Ruzante", where the character tells of his return from the Venetian war front, only to find that he had lost his wife, land, and honor. Again, Ruzante's speech begins with his favorite expletive: "Cancaro ai campi e a la guera e ai soldè, e ai soldè e a la guera!" ("Rotten be the front and the war and the soldiers, and the soldiers and the war!")
Modern studies have concluded that Ruzante's speech was not a linguistically accurate record of the local Paduan dialect of Venetian, but was to some extent a "theatrical dialect" created by Beolco himself.
Italian playwright and 1997 Nobel laureate
Dario Foputs Ruzzante on the same level as Molière, claiming that he is the true father of the Venetian comic theater (" Commedia dell'Arte") and the most significant influence on his own work.
Plays and monologues
*"La Pastoral" (1518–1520).
*"La Betia" (1524–1525).
*"I Dialoghi" (1528-1529).
Il Parlamento de Ruzante che iera vegnú de campo" (1529-1530).
*"La Moscheta" (1529)
*"La Fiorina" (1531-1532).
*"La Piovana" (1532).
*"La Vaccaria" (1533).
* [http://www.italica.rai.it/rinascimento/parole_chiave/schede/ruzante.htm Short biography] (in Italian)
* [http://www.italica.rai.it/rinascimento/saggi/commedia_cinquecento/capitoli/lezion15.html Longer biography] (in Italian)
* [http://www.liberliber.it/biblioteca/r/ruzzante/index.htm Some texts by Ruzante] at Liber Liber (in Venetian).
* [http://www.smith.edu/metamorphoses/dersofi.htm Translating Ruzante’s Obscenities] , by Nancy Dersofi.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Angelo Beolco — Ruzzante Statue de Ruzzante sur la Piazza Capitaniato à Padoue Angelo Beolco, dit Ruzzante ou Ruzante (né vers 1496 et mort le 17 mars 1542 à Padoue … Wikipédia en Français
Beolco — Beolco, Angelo, genannt Ruzzante (der Scherzende), ital. Lustspieldichter, geb. 1502 in Padua, gest. daselbst 17. März 1542, war Schauspieler von Beruf und schrieb eine Anzahl munterer, gut aufgebauter ländlicher Lustspiele und Farcen voll seiner … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Beolco — Beọlco, Angelo, italienischer Schauspieler und Lustspieldichter, Ruzzante … Universal-Lexikon
Beolco, Angelo — vero nome di Ruzzante … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Ruzante — Ruzzante Statue de Ruzzante sur la Piazza Capitaniato à Padoue Angelo Beolco, dit Ruzzante ou Ruzante (né vers 1496 et mort le 17 mars 1542 à Padoue … Wikipédia en Français
Ruzzante — Statue de Ruzzante sur la Piazza Capitaniato à Padoue. Angelo Beolco, dit Ruzzante ou Ruzante (né vers 1496 et mort le 17 mars 1542 à Padoue) est un écrivain … Wikipédia en Français
Ruzante — Ruzante, eigentlich Angelo Beolco (* um 1496 in Pernumia; † 17. März 1541 in Padua) war ein italienischer Komödiendichter. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ruzante und der Dialekt von Padua 3 Werke … Deutsch Wikipedia
RUZZANTE — (1496 1542) Angelo Beolco, more commonly known by his stage name Ruzzante, was a famous actor and playwright in the Venetian and Paduan territories. He was the illegitimate son of Giovanni Francesco Beolco, a member of Paduan high society and… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
1496 en litterature — 1496 en littérature Années : 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 Décennies : 1460 1470 1480 1490 1500 1510 1520 Siècles : XIVe siècle … Wikipédia en Français
1496 en littérature — Années : 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 Décennies : 1460 1470 1480 1490 1500 1510 1520 Siècles : XIVe siècle XVe siècle … Wikipédia en Français