Rennell Rodd, 1st Baron Rennell
James Rennell Rodd, 1st Baron Rennell, GCB, GCMG, GCVO, PC (
9 November 1858– 26 July 1941), known as Sir Rennell Rodd before 1933, was a British diplomat, poet and politician. He served as British Ambassadorto Italyduring the First World War.
Rodd was the only son of Major James Rennell Rodd (1812-1892) and his wife Elizabeth Thomson, daughter of
Anthony Todd Thomson. On his father's side he descended from the geographer James Rennell. Rodd was educated at Haileybury and Balliol College, Oxford.
He entered the Diplomatic Service in 1883 and served in minor positions at the British embassies in
Berlin, Rome, Athensand Paris. From 1894 to 1902 Rodd worked under the Consul-General of Egypt Lord Cromer. He played an important part in negotiating the Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1897with Emperor Menelik IIof Ethiopia. In 1902 he returned to the embassy in Rome, where he remained for the next two years. In 1904 Rodd was made Minister plenipotentiary to Sweden(and until November 1905, Norway), but did not arrive until January 17, 1905. He played an active and neutral part in the dissolution of the Union between Sweden and Norway, for which he was rewarded the Grand Cross of the Order of the Polar Star by king Oscar II. After the secession he continued as a Minister in Sweden until 1908.
The latter year he was appointed Ambassador to
Italy. He was to remain in this post until 1919, and played a key role in securing Italy's adhesion to the Entente cause. Rodd left the Diplomatic Service in 1919 but nonetheless served on the mission to Egyptin 1920 with Lord Milner and was British delegate to the League of Nationsfrom 1921 to 1923. He also sat as Unionist Member of Parliamentfor St Marylebone between 1928 and 1932.
Writer and scholar
Apart from his diplomatic services Rodd was also a published poet and scholar of ancient Greece and Rome. He published his memoirs, entitled "Social and Diplomatic Memories", in three volumes between 1922 and 1925. His diaries were published in 1981 by Torsten Burgman, and edited by Victor Lal in 2005.
Rodd was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1897, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in 1899, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in 1905,
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George(GCMG) in 1915, and Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath(GCB) in the 1920 New Year Honours. [LondonGazette |issue=31712 |date= 30 December 1919|startpage=3 |supp=yes] He was appointed to the Privy Council in 1908 and in 1933 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Rennell, of Rodd in the County of Hereford.
Lord Rennell of Rodd married Lilias Georgina Guthrie, daughter of James Alexander Guthrie, in 1894. They had four sons and two daughters. His third son, Peter, married the author
Nancy Mitford, daughter of the David Freeman-Mitford, 2nd Baron Redesdaleand one of the famous Mitford sisters. His eldest daughter Evelyn Violet Elizabeth Rodd was a Conservative politician and was created a life peer as "Baroness Emmet of Amberley" in 1965. His second daughter Gloria Rodd married the painter Simon Elwes, by whom she had a four sons, including the portrait painter Dominic Elwes. Lord Rennell died in July 1941, aged 82, and was succeeded in the barony by his second but eldest surviving son Francis James Rennell Rodd, who later served as President of the Royal Geographical Society.
* [http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/memoir/Rodd/RoddTC.htm "Social and Diplomatic Memories"] of James Rennell Rodd
*Legg, L. G. Wickham, Williams, E. T (editors). "The Dictionary of National Biography, 1941-1950". Oxford University Press, 1959.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rodd, Sir James Rennell, 1st Baron Rennell — (1858 1941) Born in London, the son of an officer in the Duke of Cornwall s Light Infantry, he graduated from Balliol College, Oxford, in 1880. A high flyer in the diplomatic service, in 1884 he was attaché to Berlin and in 1885 third… … British and Irish poets
Francis Rodd, 2nd Baron Rennell — Major General Francis James Rennell Rodd, 2nd Baron Rennell KBE CB JP (25 October 1895 15 March 1978) was the second but eldest surviving son of the diplomat James Rennell Rodd, 1st Baron Rennell. During the First World War he served in the… … Wikipedia
Philip Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode — The Lord Chetwode Chetwode (foreground) at El Arish, Egypt, January 1917 … Wikipedia
Vivian Smith, 1st Baron Bicester — Vivian Hugh Smith, 1st Baron Bicester (9 December 1867 ndash; 17 February 1956), was a British merchant banker.Smith was the son of Hugh Colin Smith and Constance Maria Josepha (née Adeane), and grandson of John Abel Smith. He was educated at… … Wikipedia
Baron Rennell — Baron Rennell, of Rodd in the County of Hereford, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1933 for the diplomat Sir Rennell Rodd. His son, the 2nd Baron, served as President of the Royal Geographical Society from 1945… … Wikipedia
Rodd — is a surname, and may refer to:* Brent Samuel Rodd * Edward Hearle Rodd, ornithologist * Helen Rodd * L. C. Rodd * Marcia Rodd * Michael Rodd * Rennell Rodd, 1st Baron Rennell * John Rashelgh Rodd, Royal Navy (admiral 1888) ** Fort Rodd Hill in… … Wikipedia
Peter Rodd — Lieutenant Colonel The Honourable Peter Murray Rennell Rodd (16 April 1904 ndash; 1968) was a younger son of Rennell Rodd, 1st Baron Rennell. He was educated at Wellington College and Balliol College, Oxford. On 4 December 1933 he was married to… … Wikipedia
George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston — The Most Honourable The Marquess Curzon of Kedleston KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC Lord Curzon of Kedleston as Viceroy of India … Wikipedia
Charles Abbot, 2nd Baron Colchester — The Lord Colchester PC Paymaster General and Vice President of the Board of Trade In office 27 February 1852 – 17 December 1852 Monarch Victoria Prime Minister … Wikipedia
Douglas Hogg, 1st Viscount Hailsham — The Right Honourable The Viscount Hailsham PC Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain In … Wikipedia