Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov

Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov (March 26 1859–March 27 1922) was a Russian composer of classical music and a member of the circle that grew around the publisher Mitrofan Belyayev.

A student of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Sokolov taught Dmitri Shostakovich and Yuri Shaporin [cite web |url= |title=Yuri Shaporin|last=van Rijen |first=Onno |accessdate=2008-07-11 |work= |publisher= |date= ] at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory.

He was the posthumous dedicatee of Shostakovich's opus 3, "Theme and Variations B flat major for orchestra". [Fay, "Shostakovich: A Life", p.19] [cite web |url= |title=Compositions by Dmitri Shostakovich: Childhood and Youth (1906-1924)|last=van Rijen |first=Onno |accessdate=2008-07-11 |work= |publisher= |date= ]

Sokolov's recorded works include his contributions to several collaborative projects of the "Belyayev circle", including the set of character pieces for string quartet known as "Les Vendredis" as well as a set of variations for piano and orchestra on a Russian theme.

Other works include a quintet opus 3, also arranged for string orchestra as a serenade; opus 5 (final chorus from Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy's "Don Juan"); opus 12 (choruses for women's voices, published 1892); piano variations (opus 25); variations on a popular Russian theme for string quartet published in 1899. There are also three string quartets, in F major, A major and D minor, and a string trio in D minor, his opus 45 (published in 1916). All of these were published by Belyayev's firm.

It is possible that when Diaghilev was looking for a composer for The Firebird, that Sokolov was considered, after Anatoly Lyadov had failed to deliver, and before finally Stravinsky was settled on. [Taruskin, "Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works Through Mavra", p.579] [Walsh, "Stravinsky: A Creative Spring: Russia and France, 1882-1934", unspecified page]

elected worklist

*Orchestral music
**Elegie, for orchestra (pub. 1888) [ [ Elegie : pour orchestre ( ] at]
**Four pieces for strings, op. 18 [ [ 4 pʹesy dli︠a︡ skripki, soch. 18 ( ] at]
**Second serenade for strings, op. 23 [ [ 2me sérénade : pour orchestre à cordes, op. 23 ( ] at]
**Caressante polka, for string orchestra. op. 38. [ [ Caressante polka : pour orchestre d'archets, op. 38 ( ] at]
**Divertissement op. 42 [ [ Divertissement : pour grand orchestre, op. 42 ( ] at]
**Music for Shakespeare's "A Winter's Tale", for large orchestra, op. 44 [ [ Musique pour "Le conte d'hiver" de Shakespeare : pour grand orchestre, op. 44 ( ] at]
*String quartets
**No. 1 in F major op. 7 [ [ The Research Libraries of The New York Public Library /All Locations ] at]
**No. 2 in A major op. 14 [ [ 2me quatuor (en la majeur) pour deux violons, alto et violoncelle, op. 14. ( ] at]
**No. 3 in D minor op. 20 [ [ Troisième quatuor (en re mineur) : pour deux violons, alto et violoncelle, op. 20 ( ] at]
*Other chamber music, and piano music.
**Elegie, for violin with piano accompaniment, op. 17. [ [ Elégie pour violon avec accompagnement de piano, op. 17 ( ] at]
**Variations for piano, op. 25. [ [ Variations pour piano ... Op. 25 ... ( ] at]
**String trio in D minor, op. 45 []
*Vocal music
**A recent reprint of four lieder from opus 1 [ [ Mirlyn - Ann Arbor and Flint - Full Record ] at]
**Three-part chorus "Printemps" [ [ Spring = Printemps : three-part chorus for women's voices ( ] at]
**Chetyre romansa na slova Apollona Korinfskago s soprovozhdeniem fortepiano, op. 24 (pub. 1895) [ [ Chetyre romansa na slova Apollona Korinfskago s soprovozhdeniem fortepiano ... soch. 24 ... ( ] at]


*Sokolov, N. " Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo k izucheniiu akkordov, vkhodiashchikh v kurs II-go klassa solfedzhio Petrogradskoi konservatorii." 1897, reprinted 1916. Izd. M.P. Bieliaeva. (18 pages. [ [ The Research Libraries of The New York Public Library /All Locations ] at] )
*Sokolov, N. "LinkImitatsii na cantus firmus; posobie pri izuchenii kontrapunkta strogogo stilia." Leningrad: Izd. Gosudarstvennoi konservatorii. 1928. (62 pages, of which pages 23-62 are score.)



* cite book
last = Fay
first = Laurel
year = 1999
title = Shostakovich: A Life
pages = p.19
publisher = Oxford University Press
id = ISBN 0-19-513438-9

*cite book |last= Taruskin|first=Richard |authorlink=Richard Taruskin |coauthors= |editor= |others= |title=Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works Through Mavra |origdate= |origyear= |origmonth= |url= |format= |accessdate= |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |publisher=Oxford University Press |location= |language= |isbn=0198162502 |oclc= |doi= |id= |pages=p.579 |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote=
*Walsh, Stephen. "Stravinsky: A Creative Spring: Russia and France, 1882-1934." New York : A.A. Knopf, 1999. ISBN 0-679-41484-3.

External links

* [ The Lieder Database Sokolov entry]
* [ Review of a recording of "Les Vendredis"] A review of a collaborative production of the Belyayev circle.
* [ Notes to a recording of the Variations] Contains biographical information. (This is one source for the assertion that Sokolov taught Shostakovich.)
* [ Review of a recording of Shaporin's opera The Decembrists]

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