Émigré

Émigré is a French term that literally refers to a person who has "migrated out," but often carries a connotation of politico-social self-exile.

Historically, the word originally was applied to the French Protestants (Huguenots) who were forced to leave France following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.

However, the present political connotations of the term were defined by two later instances, where it referred to:

#A French refugee, often aristocratic, who fled the French Revolution of 1789 and its aftermath,
#A White Russian émigré, who fled the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 and its aftermath.

Whereas emigrants have likely chosen to leave one place and become immigrants in a different clime, not usually expecting to return, émigrés see exile as a temporary expedient forced on them by political circumstances. Émigré circles often arouse suspicion as breeding-grounds for plots and counter-revolution.

Some of the aristocrats who left France during the revolution settled in bordering countries, which they sought to use as a base for counterrevolution. After the Storming of the Bastille, King Louis XVI of France directed several of the most conservative members of his court to leave the country for fear that they might be assassinated. Among this first group of émigrés were the king’s youngest brother, the Comte d'Artois, and Queen Marie Antoinette's best friend, the Duchesse de Polignac. Later, in coordination with the king's failed attempt to escape Paris, the king's other brother, the Comte de Provence, also emigrated.

Marx and Engels, in setting out the strategy for future revolutions in "The Communist Manifesto", included the provision that the property of émigrés should be confiscated and used to finance the revolution — a recommendation followed by the Bolsheviks seventy years later.

The October Revolution brought over 20,000 Russian emigrants to Finland. Many of these however moved on to France, Paris being the favorite destination for Russian émigrés.

Unlike "émigré", the term "exile" remains politically neutral and includes people from whatever side of the political spectrum who had to leave their homeland, often for political reasons, and who wish to return.

ee also

* White Emigre
* exile
* refugee
* deportee


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • émigré — émigré, ée [ emigre ] n. • 1791; de émigrer 1 ♦ Hist. Personne qui se réfugia hors de France sous la Révolution. 2 ♦ Personne qui s est expatriée pour des raisons politiques, économiques, etc., par rapport à son pays. ⇒ exilé, expatrié. « ces… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Emigre — Inc. ist ein US amerikanisches Grafikdesignunternehmen und einer der ersten Independent Schriften und Softwareverlage (Foundry). Emigre wurde 1984 in Berkeley, Kalifornien, von den Designern und Typografen Rudy VanderLans und Zuzana Licko… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emigre — Emigre, also known as Emigre Graphics, is a type foundry in Berkeley, California, founded by Rudy VanderLans and Zuzana Licko. It also published Emigre magazine between 1984 and 2005. Note that unlike the word émigré , Emigre is officially… …   Wikipedia

  • Emigre — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Emigre, revista de diseño gráfico y tipografía aparecida en California en 1984 y cerrada en 2005. Fue creada por Rudy VanderLans (diseñador de origen holandés), en conjunto con su esposa Susana Licko. Los primeros… …   Wikipedia Español

  • émigré — émigré, ée (é mi gré, grée) part. passé. 1°   Qui a émigré. Les prêtres émigrés. 2°   Substantivement. Celui ou celle qui a quitté son pays. Loi contre les émigrés. SYNONYME    ÉMIGRÉ, ÉMIGRANT. Émigrant est le participe présent ; émigré est le… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Émigré — Émigré[1] es un término francés que literalmente se refiere a una persona que ha emigrado. A lo largo de la Historia, ha tenido a menudo connotaciones de autoexilio político, particularmente durante la Revolución francesa durante la cual se acuña …   Wikipedia Español

  • emigre — 1792, from Fr. émigré an emigrant, lit. pp. of émigrer emigrate (18c.), from L. emigrare (see EMIGRATION (Cf. emigration)). Originally used of royalist refugees from the French Revolution; extended 1920s to refugees from the Russian Revolution,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • émigré — or emigré [em′i grā΄, em΄i grā′] n. [Fr < pp. of émigrer < L emigrare: see EMIGRATE] 1. an emigrant 2. a person forced to flee his or her country for political reasons, as a Royalist during the French Revolution SYN. ALIEN …   English World dictionary

  • émigré — ÉMIGRÉ, ÉE, sub. se dit particulièrement des François qui, sans y être autorisés, sont sortis de France depuis la Révolution, et qui n y sont pas rentrés dans le délai accordé par la Loi. Être porté sur la liste des Émigrés. La Constitution… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • émigré — immigrant, alien, foreigner, outlander, outsider, *stranger …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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