Class I PI 3-kinases

Class I PI 3-kinases are a subgroup of the enzyme family, phosphoinositide 3-kinase that possess a common protein domain structure, substrate specificity, and method of activation. Class I PI 3-kinases are further divided into two subclasses, class IA PI 3-kinases and class IB PI 3-kinases.

Contents

Class IA PI 3-kinases

Class IA PI 3-kinases are activated by receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs).

There are three catalytic subunits that are classified as class IA PI 3-kinases:

There are currently five regulatory subunits that are known to associate with class IA PI 3-kinases catalytic subunits:

  • p85α and p85β
  • p55α and p55γ
  • p50α

Class IB PI 3-kinases

Class IB PI 3-kinases are activated by G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs).

The only known class IB PI 3-kinase catalytic subunit is p110γ.

There are two known regulatory subunits for p110γ:

See also

References

  • Foster FM, Traer CJ, Abraham SM, Fry MJ (August 2003). "The phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase family". J. Cell. Sci. 116 (Pt 15): 3037–40. doi:10.1242/jcs.00609. PMID 12829733. 



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