Suicidal ideation

Suicidal ideation is a common medical term for thoughts about suicide, which may be as detailed as a formulated plan, without the suicidal act itself. Although most people who undergo suicidal ideation do not commit suicide, some go on to make suicide attempts. [cite journal
last = Gliatto
first = Michael F.
authorlink =
coauthors = Rai, Anil K.
year = 1999
month = March
title = Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Suicidal Ideation
journal = American Family Physician
volume = 59
issue = 6
pages =
id =
url = http://www.aafp.org/afp/990315ap/1500.html
accessdate = 2007-01-08
] The range of suicidal ideation varies greatly from fleeting to detailed planning, role playing and unsuccessful attempts, which may be deliberately constructed to fail or be discovered or may be fully intended to succeed.

In a study conducted in Finland, 22% of the suicide victims examined had discussed suicidal intent with a health care professional in their last office visit. [cite book
last = Halgin
first = Richard P.
coauthors = Susan Whitbourne
title = Abnormal psychology : clinical perspectives on psychological disorders
publisher = Boston : McGraw-Hill
date = 2006
pages = pp. 267-272
month =
id = ISBN 0-07-322872-9
]

Risk factors

Epidemiologic factors

* Male, white, age greater than 65 years [ [http://www.aafp.org/afp/990315ap/1500.html Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Suicidal Ideation - March 15, 1999 - American Academy of Family Physicians ] ]
* Widowed or divorced
* Living alone; no children under the age of 21 in the household
* Presence of stressful life events

Psychiatric disorders

*Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
* Major depression, which is often associated with social isolation
* Bipolar disorder
* Substance abuse (particularly alcohol)
* Schizophrenia
* Eating disorder
* Body dysmorphic disorder
* Panic disorder
* Borderline personality disorder
* Additionally, in adolescents: impulsive, aggressive and antisocial behavior; presence of family violence and disruption

Past history

* History of previous suicide attempt
* Family history of suicide attempt

ymptoms associated with suicide ideation

* Hopelessness
* Anhedonia
* Insomnia
* Severe anxiety
* Impaired concentration
* Psychomotor agitation
* Panic attacks [cite journal
last = Gliatto
first = Michael F.
authorlink =
coauthors = Rai, Anil K.
year = 1999
month = March
title = Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Suicidal Ideation
journal = American Family Physician
volume = 59
issue = 6
pages =
id =
url = http://www.aafp.org/afp/990315ap/1500.html
accessdate = 2007-10-19
]

References

* cite journal
last = Beck
first = AT
coauthors = Steer, RA; Kovacs, M; Garrison, B
year = 1985
title = Hopelessness and eventual suicide: a 10-year prospective study of patients hospitalized with suicidal ideation
journal = Am J Psychiatry
volume = 142
issue = 5
pages = 559–563

* cite journal
last = Uncapher
first = H
year = 2000-2001
title = Cognitive biases and suicidal ideation in elderly psychiatric inpatients
journal = Omega
volume = 42
issue = 1
pages = 21–36

* cite journal
last = Uncapher
first = H
coauthors = Gallagher-Thompson, D; Osgood, NJ
year = 1998
title = Hopelessness and suicidal ideation in older adults
journal = The Gerontologist
volume = 38
issue = 1
pages = 62–70

Footnotes

External links

* [http://www.aafp.org/afp/990315ap/1500.html Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Suicidal Ideation]
* [http://www.therapistlocator.net/families/Consumer_Updates/Suicidal_Thoughts.asp Suicidal Thoughts]
* [http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/help/warning_signs.aspx National Suicide Prevention Lifeline--warning signs]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • suicidal ideation — /ˌsuəsaɪdl aɪdiˈeɪʃən/ (say .soohuhsuydl uydee ayshuhn) noun the mental process in which plans to commit suicide are developed, often obsessively, but without bringing such plans to a conclusion. {suicidal + ideation} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ideation — may mean:*Ideation (idea generation), the process of creating new ideas, normally for new products. *Suicidal ideation, a common medical term for thoughts about suicide, which may be as detailed as a formulated plan, without the suicidal act… …   Wikipedia

  • Suicidal person — A suicidal person is one who is experiencing a personal suicide crisis; that is, he or she is attempting suicide, is seeking a means to commit suicide, or is contemplating suicide.Recognizing a suicidal personA suicidal person may exhibit certain …   Wikipedia

  • ideation — /aɪdiˈeɪʃən/ (say uydee ayshuhn) noun the process of imagining in more detail a specific plan or intention: creative ideation; suicidal ideation. Compare audiation. {ideat(e) + tion} …   Australian English dictionary

  • ideation — noun Date: 1818 the capacity for or the act of forming or entertaining ideas < suicidal ideation > …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ideation — The formation of ideas or thoughts. * * * ide·a·tion .īd ē ā shən n the capacity for or the act of forming or entertaining ideas <suicidal ideation> * * * n. the process of thinking or of having imagery or ideas. * * * ide·a·tion… …   Medical dictionary

  • ideation — n. the process of thinking or of having imagery or ideas. The presence or absence of suicidal ideation is tested as part of every mental state examination and risk assessment …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Homicidal ideation — is a common medical term for thoughts about homicide. There is a range of homicidal thoughts which spans from vague ideas of revenge to detailed and fully formulated plans without the act itself.cite journal last= Thienhaus first= Ole J.… …   Wikipedia

  • Suicide — For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). Suicide Classification and external resources …   Wikipedia

  • Suicide intervention — is a direct effort to prevent person(s) from attempting to take ones own life intentionally or voluntary through self destructive behaviour such as; hanging ones self, cutting wrists, (Webster, n.d). “Suicide rates vary throughout the world, but… …   Wikipedia


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