Infobox Russian city
OtherName= Tsarskoye Selo Царское Село
September 18 2008
Charter= Regulation of municipality of Pushkin town (
April 27 2006)
LeaderType= Chairman of Urban Council
LeaderName= Nikolay Yakovlevich Grebnev
Legislature= Urban Council
FoundationDate= 1710 (1808)
Event1= Peter the Great decided to hand over the part of the Menshikov's ownership "Sarskaja Myza" to Ekaterina Alexeevna
Event2= "Sarskaja Myza" officially became the Tsar's village "Sarskoye Selo"
Event3= "Sarskoye Selo" became "
Event4= The integration of village "
Tsarskoye Selo" and town Sofia
Tsarskoye Selo" became "Soldatskoye Selo" (Soldier's Village)
Event6= "Soldatskoye Selo" became "Detskoye Selo" (Children's Village)
Event7= The town got the name "Pushkin'
Pushkin ( _ru. Пу́шкин) is a town under jurisdiction of St. Petersburg,
Russia, that is located 24 verstsouth from the center of St. Petersburg, at coord|59|44|N|30|23|E|. Population: 84,628 (2002 Census); 95,415 (1989 Census).
The town was founded in the 18th century as the summer residence of the Russian
tsars under the name " Tsarskoye Selo" (Royal Village). Nicholas II of Russiaand his family lived in the Alexander Palaceuntil they were moved to Tobolskon July 31, 1917.
October Revolutionthe Catherine Palace became a museum, while some other mansions of the nobility were conveyed to various educational and sanitary institutions. On that account, the town was renamed "Detskoye Selo" (Children's Village) in 1918. In 1937, the name was changed to "Pushkin", to commemorate the centenary of the tragic death of the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkinwho had studied in the Imperial Lyceumthere.
Apart from the imperial residence, the town of Pushkin includes several other historic districts, notably Sophia, which was founded by
Catherine the Greatas an uezdtown but lost its town status in 1808. The main monument in this part of the town is the Sophia Cathedral(1782-88).
Another part of the town is occupied by the half-ruined Fyodorovsky Townlet, built in the
Russian Revivalstyle to mark the tercentenary of the House of Romanovin 1913. The highlight of the townlet is the charming white-washed Royal Cathedral, dedicated to the Theotokos of St. Theodoreand intended to serve as a domestic church of the reigning family.
In the garden close to the
Tsarskoe Selo Lyceumstands the Church of the Sign, the oldest in the town, built in 1734-36 to a discreet Baroque design by Mikhail Zemtsov. The church was decorated in 1747 and slightly remodelled in 1865. The Soviets all but destroyed it; but the building was restored in 1961 and reverted to the Russian Orthodox Churchin 1991.
Egyptian Gateleading to the town from Saint Petersburg was designed by Adam Menelaws, a Scottish architect. This structure, erected in 1827-32 and intricately covered with hieroglyphics, bears testimony to the Egyptomaniaof the 1820s, triggered by Champollion's "Précis du système hiéroglyphique" (1824).
Kalamazoo, Michigan, U.S.A.
Zerbst/Anhalt, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
Frankenthal, Rheinland-Palatinate, Germany
Worcester, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
* [http://www.virtualpushkin.com/ Tsarskoye Selo, Pushkin town, historical facts of the city, map, direction from Saint Petersburg]
* [http://pushkin-town.net/ Official website of Pushkin's business of commerce]
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