Sultan Kudarat


Sultan Kudarat

Infobox Philippine province
name = Sultan Kudarat
sealfile = Ph_seal_sultan_kudarat.png region = SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)
capital = Isulan
largest city = Tacurong City
founded =
pop2000 = 586,505
pop2000rank = 42nd largest
popden2000 = 124
popden2000rank = 21st highest
areakm2 = 4,714.8
arearank = 23rd largest
hucities = 0
componentcities = 1
municipalities = 11
barangays = 248
districts = 1
languages = Hiligaynon, Ilokano, Cebuano
governor = Datu Pax S. Mangudadatu
vice governor = Donato A. Ligo
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_map_sultan_kudarat.png

Sultan Kudarat is a province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. Its capital is Isulan and borders Maguindanao and Cotabato to the north, South Cotabato and Sarangani to the east. To the southwest lies the Celebes Sea.

People

As of the 2000 census, Sultan Kudarat has a total population of 586,505. The province formerly had a Muslim majority, but Christian migrants now outnumber Muslims and highlanders.

Maguindanaons live in the coastal towns of the province. Tribal groups with settlements in the province include the Iranons, Tirurays and Manobo.

The census showed that 84 dialects are spoken in the province. The most dominant language is Hiligaynon (Ilonggo), though Ilocano and Cebuano are spoken in some municipalities. Maguindanao is the local language of the Muslim population.

Economy

The economy of Sultan Kudarat is predominantly agricultural. With vast agricultural potential, the output consists of practically all types of crops grown in the country, including rice, corn, beef, coffee, and vegetables. The province is self-sufficient in poultry, swine, and root crops. The province is one of the few producers of Irish potatoes in the Philippines. The southern Philippines Grain Complex in Tacurong is the largest grains-processing complex in the country. There are more than 200 ricemills in the province.

Fishing is a fast growing industry. Tuna caught along the coasts along the Celebes Sea are of high quality, and are exported to Japan and Europe.

Another significant economic activities include the cottage industry, which includes crafts made of rattan and other types of wood.

Geography

Political

Sultan Kudarat is subdivided into 11 municipalities and 1 city. Three of the municipalities (Kalamansig, Lebak, and Palimbang) are coastal towns, while the rest of the province are located inland.

Tacurong City is the smallest unit in the province in terms of land area, but it is the most urbanized, and is considered to be the province's commercial center. Other growth centers are Lebak and Isulan, the latter being the provincial capital. Bagumbayan is the largest town in terms of land area.

The 11 municipalities and Tacurong City are further subdivided into 249 barangays.

City

*Tacurong City

Municipalities


*Bagumbayan
*Columbio
*Esperanza
*Isulan
*Kalamansig
*Lambayong (Mariano Marcos)

*Lebak
*Lutayan
*Palimbang
*President Quirino
*Sen. Ninoy Aquino

Physical

Sultan Kudarat is located on the southwestern part of the island of Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by the provinces of Maguindanao and Cotabato; on the south by South Cotabato; on the east by Davao del Sur; and on the west by the Celebes Sea. The province's total land area is 4783.1898 square kilometres.

The three coastal towns on the province's western side are lined with mountain ranges that wall the central part of the province from the sea. There are also mountains on the eastern side, leaving flat land in between.

The climate is characterized by a short dry season lasting from one to three months. Unlike most other provinces in the country, Sultan Kudarat is generally free from typhoons and rainfall is more evenly distributed throughout the year.

Musical Heritage

The native Maguindanaon have a fascinating culture that revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and non-Muslim groups of the Southern Philippines.

History

The territory that is now the province of Sultan Kudarat was originally part of Cotabato province, which was one of the largest and most resource-rich provinces in the country. During the Spanish colonial era, the land was heavily forested and left largely underdeveloped.

Because of the enormity of the province, there was a need to divide it into smaller units to ease the magnitude of responsibility on the local government. Additionally, conflicting political, social, and economic interests limited the province's progress. Cotabato was first split into North Cotabato and South Cotabato. North Cotabato was then split into what is now Maguindanao (from which the new province of Shariff Kabunsuan was created), (North) Cotabato, and Sultan Kudarat.

Sultan Kudarat was named after a Sultan of Maguindanao Sultan Muhammad Dipatuan Kudarat, who reigned from 1623 to 1671. It became a separate province on November 22, 1973.

Government officials

The elected provincial officials for 2007-present are:

* "'Gov. .Suharto T. Mangudadatu
* "'Vice Gov. Donato A. Ligo
**1st District w/ Tacurong City Rep. Datu Pax S. Mangudadatu (KAMPI-Lakas)
**2nd District Rep. Arnulfo F. Go (KAMPI-PTM)

-------------------------------------Elected Officials 2004-2007

**Rep. Suharto Mangudadatu
**Gov. Pax Mangudadatu
**Vice Gov. Donato Ligo

--------------------Elected Officials 1998-2000; 2000-2004

**Rep. Angelo Montilla
**Gov. Pax Mangudadatu
**Vice Gov. Miguel Domingo Jacalan III

---------------------------Elected Officials 1995-1998

**Rep. Angelo Montilla
**Gov. Nesthur Gumana
**Vice Gov. Rose Jamison

---------------------------Elected Officials 1992-1995

**Rep. Estanislao Valdez
**Gov. Nesthur Gumana
**Vice Gov. Rose Jamison

External links

* [http://www.skprovince.gov.ph/ Official website of the provincial government of Sultan Kudarat]
* [http://www.tourism.gov.ph/explore_phil/place_details.asp?content=description&province=63 WOW Philippines - Sultan Kudarat]
* [http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/regions/view/20080126-115030/Sultan-Kudarat-town-aims-for-natl-recognition Inquirer.net, Sultan Kudarat town aims for nat’l recognition]


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