Phaistos


Phaistos

Phaistos ( _el. Φαιστός), also transliterated as Phaestos, Festos and Phaestus is an ancient city on the island of Crete. Phaistos was located in the south-central portion of the island, about 5.6 kilometres from the Mediterranean Sea. It was inhabited from about 4000 BC. [* [http://www.matala-holidays.gr/phaistos.php Phaistos Palace Photos and Information] ] A palace, dating from the Middle Bronze Age, was destroyed by an earthquake during the Late Bronze Age. Knossos along with other Minoan sites was destroyed at that time. The palace was rebuilt toward the end of the Late Bronze Age.

Archaeology

Phaistos was first excavated by Italian archaeologists Federico Halbherr and Luigi Pernier. Further excavations in 1950-1971 were conducted by Doro Levi.

The Old Palace was built in the Protopalatial Period, [* [http://www.uk.digiserve.com/mentor/minoan/phaistos.htm Phaistos profile] ] then rebuilt twice due to extensive earthquake damage. When the palace was destroyed by earthquake, the re-builders constructed a New Palace atop the old.

Several artifacts with Linear A inscriptions were excavated at this site. The name of the site also appears in partially deciphered Linear A texts, and is probably similar to Mycenaean 'PA-I-TO' as written in Linear B. Several kouloura structures (subsurface pits) have been found at Phaistos. Pottery has been recovered at Phaistos from in the Middle and Late Minoan periods, including polychrome items and embossing in imitation of metal work. Bronze Age works from Phaistos include bridge spouted bowls, eggshell cups, tall jars and large pithoi. [ [http://themodernantiquarian.com/site/10857/phaistos.html#fieldnotes C.Michael Hogan, "Phaistos Fieldnotes", The Modern Antiquarian (2007)] ]

In 1908, Pernier found the Phaistos disc there. This artifact is a clay disk, dated to between 1950 BC and 1400 BC and impressed with a unique sophisticated hieroglyphic script.

ee also

*Amari
*Ieropotamos River
*Kalyvia
*Kamares, Crete

References

External links

* [http://www.travel-to-crete.com/place.php?place_id=22 Phaistos photos]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phaistós — Phaistos (Festos) Phaistos oder auch Phaestos (griechisch Φαιστός (f. sg.), Festos) ist der Name einer bronzezeitlichen minoischen Siedlung auf der griechischen Insel Kreta. Sie lag in der Nähe der Südküste des zentralen Teils der Insel, auf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phaistos — (Festos) Phaistos oder auch Phaestos (griechisch Φαιστός (f. sg), Festos) ist der Name einer bronzezeitlichen minoischen Siedlung auf der griechischen Insel Kreta. Sie lag in der Nähe der Südküste des zentralen Teils der Insel, auf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phaïstos — Phaistos Carte de la Crète minoenne Phaistos (en grec ancien Φαιστός / Phaistós) est une ancienne ville de Crète, située sur la côte Sud de l île, dans la plaine de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PHAÏSTOS — Construit sur une hauteur, le palais de Phaïstos domine en Crète la grande plaine de la Messara; flanquée du mont Ida au nord et des sommets du Lassithi à l’est, la plaine ouvre sur la mer à l’ouest où la baie de Matala abritait un port. Fouillé… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Phaistos —   [neugriechisch fɛs tɔs], minoischer Palast mit zugehöriger Stadt auf einem Höhenzug über der Messara, Kreta; seit 1900 von italienischen Forschern (Federico Halbherr, * 1857, ✝ 1930, und Nachfolger) ausgegraben, die auch ältere Siedlungsspuren… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Phaistos — Phaistos, alte Stadt in der Mitte der Insel Kreta, unweit der Südküste gelegen, berühmt geworden durch den unter Leitung Halbherrs von Italienern ausgegrabenen Palast aus dem 2. vorchristlichen Jahrtausend. S. Knosos …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Phaistos — 35°03′05″N 24°48′49″E / 35.05139, 24.81361 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Phaistos — /fuy steuhs/, n. an ancient city in S central Crete: site of Minoan palace; Linear A tablets and important pottery objects unearthed here. Also, Phaestus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Phaistos — noun An ancient Minoan city in southern Crete …   Wiktionary

  • Phaistós — altPhaistós o Festos/alt ► Antigua c. del SO de Creta, habitada desde el Neolítico …   Enciclopedia Universal


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