LINE (combat system)

LINE Combat System
Also known as Linear Infighting Neural Override Engagement, 7 Deadly Moves of Combat philosophy
Focus Hybrid
Country of origin United States United States
Creator Ron Donvito
Parenthood various
Olympic sport No

LINE is a close quarters combat system, derived from various martial arts, used by the United States Marine Corps between 1989 and 1998, and then from 1998 through to the present for numerous elite special operations forces and high risk personnel. It was developed by now retired combat-arms Marine Ron Donvito after extensive study of human anatomy and various martial arts.

Officially, the name stands for Linear Infighting Neural Override Engagement; this is, however, a backronym coined during the project's inception.[1] It is also known as the "7 Deadly Moves of Combat" philosophy.[citation needed]



The system was designed to be executed within specific and stringent combat-oriented conditions:

  • (a.) all techniques must not be vision dominant; techniques may be executed effectively in low-light conditions, or other impaired visibility conditions (i.e., smoke or gas)
  • (b.) extreme mental and physical fatigue
  • (c.) usable by the Marine / soldier while wearing full combat gear
  • (d.) proper execution of the techniques must cause death to the opponent
  • (e.) gender neutrality; must be usable by- and against- either gender

These parameters are viewed as the most likely conditions that a combat Marine / soldier would face in close-range combat, since most close combat engagements were likely to occur at night or under reduced visibility, while the Marine was fatigued and wearing his combat load, and when facing asymmetrical odds, such as a numerically superior force. These requirements meant that many flamboyant techniques, exotic kicks, or movements requiring extraordinary feats of strength or agility were excluded from consideration under the LINE system. Techniques like classic judo "hip throws", for instance, were excluded because of the possibility of entanglement on a practitioner's war-belt.

The system's techniques were designed to be easily learned and retained through repetition.


LINE was adopted by the Marine Corps in 1989 at a Course Content Review Board (CRB) at Quantico, Virginia. All techniques were demonstrated for and deemed medically feasible by the Armed Forces Medical Examiner (given a single attack opponent) and a board of forensic pathologists from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) in 1991.


The LINE System was adopted in 1998 by U.S. Army Special Forces at the Special Forces Qualification Course (SFQC). Primary instruction took place during phase II and was remediated in phases III and V at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. LINE was replaced by the Modern Army Combatives Program (MACP) in October 2007. Personnel from various government agencies, as well as private contractors continue to seek highly specialized training offered by the LINE Combatives program.

Military combatives instruction programs- and the contracts awarded for it- are undertaken through a system of competition, in which the systems are compared by review boards, and presented by individual subject matter experts. Review boards may, from time to time, choose one system over another, based on the changing needs of the Marine Corps or other military service. In the case of LINE Combatives, the system was repeatedly reviewed and approved for training by many units over more than two decades. LINE Combatives continues to be one of only two systems reviewed and consulted upon by specially tasked and appointed boards of military medical examiners.

The LINE Combatives system is presently sought by advanced students, officers, and military personnel throughout the special operations, high risk law enforcement, government agency, and private contractor industries.

Units trained include (but are not limited to):

   * 1st SWTG, United States Army
   * 1st SFG, United States Army
   * 3rd SFG, United States Army
   * 5th SFG, United States Army
   * 7th SFG, United States Army
   * 10th SFG, United States Army
   * 19th SFG, United States Army
   * 20th SFG, United States Army
   * SEAL Team II, United States Navy
   * 82nd Airborne Division, United States Army
   * 101st Airborne Division, United States Army
   * 3rd Infantry Division, United States Army
   * 4th Infantry Division, United States Army
   * 172nd Infantry Brigade Stryker, United States Army
   * SOC South, United States Army
   * 1st COSCOM, United States Army
   * 96th Civil Affairs, United States Army
   * 32nd MedCom, United States Army
   * 44th MedCom, United States Army
   * 112th Signal Bn, United States Army
   * 27th Engineer Bn, United States Army
   * 8th PsyOps, United States Army
   * 9th PsyOps, United States Army
   * CGSC, United States Army
   * 5th ASOS, United States Air Force
   * 22nd STS, United States Air Force
   * 5th CBCG, United States Air Force

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Future Combat System — Vision des zukünftigen Waffensystems. Future Combat Systems (dt. Waffensysteme der Zukunft) ist ein Programm des amerikanischen Heeres und wichtigster Teil der Transformation der United States Army. Ziel ist es, neue bemannte und unbemannte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Future Combat Systems Mounted Combat System — The XM1202 Future Combat Systems Mounted Combat System (MCS) is a US Defense tank, one of a subsystem of light weight military vehicles, which is part of the Army s Future Combat Systems, a massive modernization effort.The MCS is to be a light… …   Wikipedia

  • Line — or lines may refer to: * Line (geometry), an infinitely extending one dimensional figure that has no curvature * a length of rope, cable or chain when put to use (such as a clothesline, anchor line) * a line or queue of people waiting in a queue… …   Wikipedia

  • Combat Mission: Shock Force — Developer(s) Publisher(s) Paradox Interactive …   Wikipedia

  • Combat vehicle — Ground combat vehicle redirects here. For the U.S. Army s combat vehicle program, see Ground Combat Vehicle. An M ATV, a mine protected vehicle. A combat vehicle, also known as a ground combat vehicle, is a self propelled, weaponized military… …   Wikipedia

  • Combat Mission (video game series) — Combat Mission series Developer(s) Publisher(s) various …   Wikipedia

  • Combat Mission (computer game series) — Combat Mission is the name of two series of computer games simulating tactical battles. CMX1 refers to a set of games using the original game engine, set in the Second World War (WWII). CMX2 has been released in July 2007 and features a new game… …   Wikipedia

  • line — line1 [līn] n. [ME merging OE, a cord, with OFr ligne (both < L linea, lit., linen thread, n. use of fem. of lineus, of flax < linum, flax)] 1. a) a cord, rope, wire, string, or the like b) a long, fine, strong cord with a hook, sinker,… …   English World dictionary

  • Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) — Scorpion/Scimitar recognition guide Type Reconnaissance Anti–tank Armoured personnel carrier Ambulance Command and control …   Wikipedia

  • Combat Flight Simulator 3: Battle for Europe — Combat Flight Simulator 3 Battle for Europe Developer(s) Microsoft Game Studios Publisher(s) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.