Equipment of the Iranian Army
Iranian Army Structure Iranian Army Order of Battle Personnel List of senior officers Army Rank insignia Equipment Current equipment History Military history of Iran Historical equipment Imperial Guard
From 1925 to the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran was equipped with the very latest Western hardware. Cases exist where Iran was supplied with equipment even before it was made standard in the countries that developed it (for example the US F-14 Tomcat, or the British Chieftain Tank). Primary suppliers included the United States, Britain, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), Italy, Israel, and the Soviet Union.
The Iran–Iraq War, and post revolutionary sanctions at the time had a dramatic effect on Iran's inventory of western equipment. Under the pressures of war all supplies were quickly exhausted and replacements became increasingly difficult to come by. The war eventually forced Iran to turn towards the Soviet Union, North Korea, Pakistan, Brazil, and China to meet its short term military requirements. Initial developments in every field of military technology were carried out with the technical support of Russia, Pakistan, China, and North Korea to lay the foundations for future industries.
Iranian reliance on these countries has rapidly decreased over the last decade in most sectors where Iran sought to gain total independence; however, in some sectors such as the Aerospace sector and missile technology Iran is still greatly reliant on external help. Iran has developed the capacity to reverse engineer existing foreign hardware, adapt it to its own requirements and then manufacture the finished product. Examples of this are the Boragh and the IAMI Azarakhsh. In an attempt to make its military industries more sustainable Iran has also sought to export its military products.
- 1 Infantry weapons
- 2 Vehicles
- 3 Artillery
- 4 Surface-to-surface missiles
- 5 Air defence Missile Systems
- 6 Army aviation
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes PC-9 ZOAF Semi-automatic pistol Switzerland/ Iran 9 mm pistol, unlicenced local production variant of the Swiss SIG P-226 M1911A1 Semi-automatic pistol United States .45 ACP pistol. MPT-9 Submachine gun Germany/ Iran Heckler & Koch MP5 manufactured under licence Uzi Submachine gun Israel Nakhjir Sniper rifle Soviet Union/ Iran SVD manufactured under license Steyr HS .50 Anti-material rifle Austria S.5'56 Assault rifle Iran Copy of the Norinco CQ Khaybar KH2002 Assault rifle Iran Iranian designed 5.56x45 mm bullpup rifle AKM Assault rifle Soviet Union Type 56 Assault rifle China Chinese AKM clone KL-7.62 Assault rifle Iran Iranian copy of the Chinese Type 56. Possibly produced under license H&K G3A6 Battle rifle Germany/ Iran Licenced production, main service rifle MGA3 General purpose machine gun Germany/ Iran Licenced production PKM-T80 General purpose machine gun Soviet Union/ Iran Local production MGD Heavy machine gun Soviet Union/ Iran Local production
Infantry anti-tank weapons/unguided
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes SPG-9 Recoilless rifle Soviet Union RPG-7 Rocket propelled grenade Soviet Union Type 69 RPG Rocket propelled grenade China Chinese copy of Russian RPG-7. Saegheh Rocket propelled grenade Iran Improved version of the RPG-7. RPG-29 Rocket propelled grenade Soviet Union
Anti-tank guided missile
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes Toophan Anti-tank guided missile Iran Reverse engineered of early BGM-71A TOW missile Toophan 2 Anti-tank guided missile Iran Reverse engineered US BGM-71C TOW Toophan 5 Anti-tank/Anti-helicopter guided missile Iran Upgraded BGM-71C TOW with laser beam riding guidance system. Saeghe 1/2 Anti-tank guided missile Iran reverse engineered M47 Dragon  9K11 Malyutka Anti-tank guided missile Soviet Union 9K111 Fagot Anti-tank guided missile Soviet Union 9M113 Konkurs Anti-tank guided missile Soviet Union/ Iran built as Towsan-1 or M-113 in Iran 9K115-2 Metis-M Anti-tank guided missile Russia/ Iran produced under license from Russia MILAN Anti-tank guided missile France captured during Iran-Iraq War, probably no longer in service
Armored fighting vehicles
Armored fighting vehicles Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes Cobra BMT-2 Armored personnel carrier 590 1997 Iran Boragh Armored personnel carrier 140 Iran M113 Armored personnel carrier 200 United States BTR-50/BTR-60 Armored personnel carrier 300 1966 Soviet Union MT-LB Armored personnel carrier N/A N/A Soviet Union [verification needed] Type 86/BMP-1 Infantry fighting vehicle 210 China
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle 400 1991–2001 Soviet Union 1,500 ordered in 1991 from Russia and 413 were delivered between 1993 and 2001 of which 82 were delivered directly by Russia and 331 were assembled in Iran. 100 were in service in 1995, 140 in 2000 and 400 in 2002, 2005 and 2008. 400 are currently in service. Tosan/FV101 Scorpion Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance 80 1997 Iran/ United Kingdom Tosan is a domestically produced light Tank, based on the FV101 Scorpion EE-9 Cascavel Armored car 35 Brazil Zulfiqar MBT 1-3 Main Battle Tank ~100 1996–present Iran Chieftain Main battle tank ~100 United Kingdom 707 Mk-3P and Mk-5P, 125–189 FV-4030-1, 41 ARV and 14 AVLB obtained before the 1979 revolution. Further planned deliveries of the more capable 4030 series were cancelled at that point. 100 in service as of 2005. Upgraded to Mobarez M47 Patton Main Battle Tank 168 United States M60A1 Main Battle Tank 150 United States T-62 Main Battle Tank 75 1981–1985 Soviet Union 65 ordered in 1981, currently 75 are in service. Source Global Security T-72S Main Battle Tank 480 1994–1999 Soviet Union Iran is believed to operate 480 T-72M1 and T-72S since 2002 Type-72Z Safir-74 Main Battle Tank N/A N/A Iran Highly modernized version of the T-55 Type 59 Main Battle Tank 220 China Type 69 Main Battle Tank 200 China Ch'ŏnma-ho Main Battle Tank 150 1982–1985 North Korea 150 ordered in 1981 from North Korea and delivered between 1982 and 1985.
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes M101A1 105mm Howitzer 130 United States 2A18M Howitzer 540 Soviet Union Type-54 Howitzer 100 Soviet Union M1955 Howitzer 30 Soviet Union WAC-21 Howitzer 15 China GHN-45 Howitzer 120 Canada M-114 Howitzer 70 United States 122mm HM 40 Howitzer Iran 155mm HM 41 Howitzer Iran FH-77B Howitzer Sweden G-5 Howitzer 30 South Africa M-115 Howitzer 20 United States Type 63 MRL MRL 700 1986 China
Artillery Reference 1:
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes 2S1 Gvozdika Self-propelled howitzer 60 Soviet Union Raad 1 Self-propelled howitzer 1996 Iran Based on 2S1 Gvozdika Raad 2 Self-propelled howitzer 1997 Iran Based on M109 M-109 Self-propelled howitzer 180 United States M-1978 Self-propelled howitzer 10 North Korea M-107 Self-propelled howitzer 30 United States M-110 Self-propelled howitzer 30 United States Fajr-3 MRLS 10 1994 Iran BM-21 Grad MRLS 100 1978 Soviet Union 122mm Hadid/Azrash/Nur MRLS 50 1994 Iran Domestic BM-21 developments?
This refers to ballistic missiles and not battlefield systems. Iran's missile forces are under the command of the Revolutionary Guards, under the Army's authority.
Additional information is available at Air Force of the Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution who operate Iran's long-range missiles. Iran was reported to have purchased 18 mobile 3,200-4,000 km Musudan missiles (the extended range version of Soviet R-27 Zyb) in 2005.
Anti ship missiles
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes Kowsar 1/2/3 Anti ship missile Iran Light ASCM based on Chinese C-701 and TL-10 Nasr-1 Anti ship missile Iran Light ASCM based on Chinese C-705 and TL-6 Noor Anti ship missile Iran ASCM based on Chinese C-801 and C-802 Ra'ad Anti ship missile Iran Iranian origin Heavy ASCM similar to Chinese C-401 Khalij Fars Anti-ship ballistic missile Iran Based on Fateh-110
Battlefield missile systems
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes Samid Rocket artillery Iran Fajr-2 Rocket artillery Iran Fajr-3 Rocket artillery Iran Fajr-5 Rocket artillery Iran Tondar-69 Rocket artillery Iran Oghab Rocket artillery 1985–present Iran Naze'at Rocket artillery Iran Zelzal Tactical ballistic missile Iran Fateh-110 Tactical ballistic missile 2002–present Iran
Air defence Missile Systems
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes MIM-23 Hawk Surface-to-air missile 150 1970s-present United States/ Iran Locally manufactured improved version of the original 1960s US Hawk system. The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force had recently revealed its own version of the MIM-23 Hawk the Shahin which is under production. In 2010 Iran announced that it will be mass producing its next generation of air defense system called Mersad which would integrate with the Shahin missile. SM-1 Surface-to-air missile Iran Locally manufactured copy of a c.1970s variant Shahab Saqeb Surface-to-air missile 2002–present Iran copy of the Chinese HQ-7 (FM-90) system. This Project was First Joint Winner-Applied Research in 14th Khwarizmi International Award- 2001;Tehran-Iran -The Project Title:Production of Low Range Ground to Air Missile;Shahab Saqeb - Initiator:Iran Aerospace Ind. Org.& Contributor:D.I.O) Sayyad-1 Surface-to-air missile 45 Iran Up to 45 Launchers, HQ-2J and indigenous-produced Sayyad-1. Upgraded copy of HQ-2, Sayyad-1A has IR tracking. This Project was First Joint Winner-Applied Research in 14th Khwarizmi International Award- 2001;Tehran-Iran -The Project Title:Manufacture of Sayyad-1 Missile -Initiator: Iran Aerospace Ind. Org. Contributor:HESA & Arak Machine Ind. Ghareh Surface-to-air missile 10 Iran upgraded copy of SA-5 Gammon with 250 km range SA-6 Gainful Surface-to-air missile 8 1995–present Soviet Union Reports of eight SA-6 systems transferred to Iran from Russia in 1995/1996. S-200 Surface-to-air missile 200 Soviet Union/ Iran Locally upgraded and improved   Rapier missile Surface-to-air missile 30 1971–present United Kingdom 45 towed systems with Blindfire radar delivered before 1979. 72 self-propelled systems and local production of 1,000 missiles cancelled 1979 Tigercat Surface-to-air missile 15 United Kingdom SA-22 Greyhound (Pantsyr S1) Surface-to-air missile 10 2008–present Russia  Tor missile system Surface-to-air missile 29 2005–present Russia  S-300 Surface-to-air missile 4 Russia/ Iran Iran claim to possess two S-300PT from Belarus and two others from another unspecified source despite Russian refusal to deliver them.  Iran announced that it had a "domestically made" system with the same capabilities as the S-300, but this is unverified.  Mersad Air Defense System N/A 2010 Iran Iranian designed Air Defense system using Shahin missiles.
Man-portable air-defense systems
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes Misagh-1 Man-portable air-defense systems Iran Misagh-2 Man-portable air-defense systems Iran RBS-70 Man-portable air-defense systems 50 Sweden SA-7 Grail Man-portable air-defense systems Soviet Union SA-16 Gimlet Man-portable air-defense systems 700 Soviet Union  SA-18 Grouse Man-portable air-defense systems Soviet Union
- Kolchuga 
- JY-14 Radar (Chinese origin)
- Matla'ol Fajr radar (Iranian origin)
- Kashef 1&2 radars (Iranian origin)
The Army operates 188 airplanes, and 527 helicopters although it is not known how much of this inventory is actually operational.
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service Notes Aero Commander United States utility transport 690 50 Bell 205 Italy light-lift utility helicopter AB 205
250 built by Agusta and Panha Bell 206 JetRanger Italy
utility helicopter AB 206A
65 built by Agusta and Panha Bell 214 United States medium-lift transport helicopter 214A 85 Bell AH-1J Sea Cobra United States attack helicopter AH-1J
Model 2091 upgrade by Panha Boeing CH-47 Chinook United States Heavy-lift transport helicopter CH-47C 45 built by Agusta Cessna 185 United States utility 55 Dassault Falcon 20 France VIP transport Falcon 20E 25 Fokker F27 Friendship Netherlands tactical transport F27-400M
Aircraft which have served recently and of which numbers may remain in reserve storage or second-line use include:
Unmanned aerial vehicles
Model Type Quantity Acquired Origin Notes Sofreh Mahi Stealth UCAV Iran Under development Karrar (UCAV) UCAV 2010 Iran Ababil UAV Iran Mohajer I/II/III/IV UAV Iran Sabokbal UAV Iran Ra'ad UAV Iran With offensive capabilities Nazir UAV Iran Hod Hod UAV Iran Saeghe Target Drone Iran MQM-107 Target Drone United States
- Gas masks
- Bullet Proof Vests (used by specialized units and some army divisions, not yet standard issue)
- Army aviation
- Iranian military industry
- List of countries by level of military equipment
- List of Iranian Air Force aircraft
- ^ Hogg, Ian (1989). Jane's Infantry Weapons 1989-90, 15th Edition. Jane's Information Group. pp. 826–836. ISBN 0710608896.
- ^ Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 897. ISBN 0710628692.
- ^ Miller, David (2001). The Illustrated Directory of 20th Century Guns. Salamander Books Ltd. ISBN 1-84065-245-4.
- ^ a b [dead link]
- ^ brochures on Iranian Copies of the TOW and DRAGON
- ^ a b John Pike (2009-02-13). "Iranian Ground Forces Equipment". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iran/ground-equipment.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- ^ According to inss.org.il databases
- ^ SIPRI Arms Transfers Database
- ^ a b c Iranian army armyrecognition.com
- ^ "22 September 2004: Parade in Tehran". Acig.org. http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_394.shtml. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- ^ "Iran acquires ballistic missiles from DPRK, 29 December 2005". Janes Defence Weekly. Archived from the original on October 22, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061022105009/http://www.janes.com/security/international_security/news/jdw/jdw051229_1_n.shtml. Retrieved 12 November 2007.
- ^ http://www.presstv.com/detail.aspx?id=123003§ionid=351020101
- ^ a b [dead link]
- ^ "Fars News Agency :: Iran Optimizes Missile System". English.farsnews.com. 2008-02-17. http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=8611280631. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- ^ "Almaz/Antei Concern of Air Defence S-200 Angara/Vega (SA-5 'Gammon') low to high-altitude surface-to-air missile system". Jane's Information Group. 2008-04-02. http://www8.janes.com/Search/documentView.do?docId=/content1/janesdata/yb/jlad/jlad0225.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
- ^ "Iran set to obtain Pantsyr via Syria - Jane's Defence News". Janes.com. 2007-05-22. Archived from the original on October 18, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071018002847/http://janes.com/defence/news/jdw/jdw070522_1_n.shtml. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- ^ http://www.turkishpress.com/news.asp?id=177315
- ^ http://defense-update.com/products/t/tor.htm Tor M1 9M330 Air Defense System
- ^ "Russia halts sale of air defense missiles to Iran". The Washington Post. June 12, 2010. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/06/11/AR2010061105248.html. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- ^ "Iran to unveil S300-type air defence system". Trade Arabia Business News Information. 08 Feb 2010. http://www.tradearabia.com/news/newsdetails.asp?Sn=DEF&artid=174527. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/iran_iranian_army_land_ground_forces_uk/iran_iranian_army_land_ground_armed_forces_military_equipment_armoured_vehicle_intelligence_pictures.html
- ^ [dead link]
- ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
- Manufacturing equipment for the Iranian Army
- Iranian Defense Industries Organization
- GlobalSecurity.Org - Iran
Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran
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