Newcastle Airport


Newcastle Airport
Newcastle Airport
Newcastle International Airport Logo.png
Aircraft at Newcastle Airport.jpg
IATA: NCLICAO: EGNT
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Newcastle Airport Local Authority Holding Company Ltd, Copenhagen Airports A/S
Operator Newcastle International Airport Ltd
Serves Newcastle upon Tyne
Tyne and Wear
Cumbria
Northumberland
Location Woolsington, Tyne and Wear
Elevation AMSL 266 ft / 81 m
Coordinates 55°02′15″N 001°41′30″W / 55.0375°N 1.69167°W / 55.0375; -1.69167Coordinates: 55°02′15″N 001°41′30″W / 55.0375°N 1.69167°W / 55.0375; -1.69167
Website www.newcastleairport.com
Map
EGNT is located in Tyne and Wear
EGNT
Location in Tyne and Wear
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 2,329 7,641 Asphalt
Statistics (2010)
Passengers 4,356,130
Passenger change 09-10 decrease5.1%
Aircraft Movements 66,677
Movements change 09-10 decrease3.7%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

Newcastle International Airport (IATA: NCLICAO: EGNT) is located in Woolsington in the City of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, 5 NM (9.3 km; 5.8 mi)[1] north-west of the city centre. In 2010 it was the 11th busiest airport in the United Kingdom.[2]

The airport is owned by seven local authorities (51%) and Copenhagen Airport (49%). The seven local authorities are: Durham County Council, Gateshead MBC, City of Newcastle, North Tyneside MBC, Northumberland County Council, South Tyneside MBC and City of Sunderland.

Newcastle Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P725) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.

Contents

History

The Airport was opened on 26 July 1935 by the Secretary of State for Air, Sir Phillip Cunliffe-Lister. Incorporating a clubhouse, hangar, workshops, fuel garage and grass runway, at the time it cost £35,000 to build.

Although during World War II the main airport in the region was located at Cramlington in Northumberland, following the war a decision was taken to concentrate development on the present airport site. Accordingly, in the early 1950s, ex-RAF fighter pilot Jim Denyer was appointed as Airport Manager and within a few years over 5,000 people were using the Airport each year to travel to destinations such as Jersey and the Isle of Wight.

The 1960s saw tremendous growth in passenger numbers at the Airport. This was mainly due to British people taking foreign holidays to places such as Spain instead of holidaying within the UK. A new runway was built, along with an apron and a new air traffic control tower. These new additions were opened by the then-Prime Minister, Harold Wilson.

In the 1970s, with passenger figures approaching one million per year, the Airport status was changed to Category B, making it a regional international airport. The 1980s saw further investment in check-in, catering and duty-free shops. In 1991, Airport Metro station opened, connecting the airport with Newcastle and later in 2002 Sunderland city centres using the Tyne and Wear Metro system. A new £27 million extension was opened in 2000 by then-Prime Minister Tony Blair and the first low-cost airline arrived at the airport, with Go inaugurating a service to London Stansted following the collapse of locally based Gill Airways. 2001 saw the acquisition of a 49% stake in the Airport by Copenhagen Airports.

Airport logo used until 2000

In August 2004 an extended and refurbished Departure Terminal was opened. The refurbishment comprised a 3,000 square metre extension which included new shops, cafes and 1,200 new waiting seats.[3]

Newcastle was the first regional airport in the UK to install common-use self-service kiosks in the terminal, allowing passengers to check-in themselves without the need to queue at a conventional desk[citation needed]. In 2006 a record 5.4 million passengers used the Airport, according to Civil Aviation Authority figures. Passenger figures were expected to approach seven million by 2009[citation needed], although due to the financial crisis of 2007–2010 and subsequent recession, the actual figure fell short of that number by around 2.5 million.

Rapid expansion in passenger traffic has led to increasing commercial utilisation of the south-side of the airport, which was previously used for general aviation, and is now used for freight, mail and corporate flights. This is partially due to difficulties obtaining departure and arrival slots for light aircraft traffic, which need to be separated from larger aircraft to protect against wake turbulence. As part of the Airport Master Plan, the south-side area is to be expanded with maintenance facilities including new hangar and apron areas. The Newcastle Aviation Academy is also located within this area.

Future plans

The Airport recently published a Master Plan that sets out development proposals for the airport until 2016. In the near term, these include building a multi-storey car park to replace the current short-stay parking, a new 187-bedroom on-site hotel and the expansion of the freight facilities on the south side of the airport. Feasibility studies are being carried out to evaluate the longer-term proposals that include:

  • extending the runway at its eastmost end;
  • converting the junction with the A696 into a grade-separated junction to cater for the expected increase in traffic levels; and
  • the building of a heavy rail link to connect the airport with the National Rail network.

In October 2007 a new Air Traffic Control Tower was completed at a cost of £8.2 million, situated on the north side of the airfield.[4] The now christened ' Emirates Tower ' was designed by REID architects, and bears resemblance to the control tower they designed for Edinburgh Airport. In the process the Newcastle VHF omnidirectional range beacon was permanently withdrawn from service, since the new tower would have interfered with its operation.

Plans were recently announced for a new office development south of the main airport runway. The 3 story scheme should create around 170 new jobs. The airport hopes to expand annual passenger capacity to 10 million (double current capacity) by 2016 and to 15 million by 2030[citation needed].

It is expected that £70 million will be invested in the airport during the current Master Plan period, which runs from 2006 to 2016. The airport also recently finished extending its remote parking for aircraft, resulting in an extra 5 parking stands that can accommodate 5 medium-sized aircraft (Boeing 737 or Airbus A320 size), or 4 large aircraft (Boeing 767 or Airbus A330 size) plus 2 smaller aircraft (such as the BAe Jetstream 41).

Area served

The airport mainly serves Northumberland, Tyneside and Wearside. The airport competes with the smaller Durham Tees Valley Airport for passengers travelling from and to County Durham and Teesside. Passengers from Cumbria, North Yorkshire and southern Scotland also use the airport, the nearest similar sized airport being Leeds Bradford Airport to the south and the larger Edinburgh and Glasgow International airports to the north. In terms of passenger numbers, Newcastle is the third largest airport in the North of England, Manchester Airport being the largest and Liverpool Airport following.

Airlines and destinations

BA Domestic Airbus A321 bound for London Heathrow
Air France operated by Brit Air at NCL
RAF Tornado at Newcastle Airport
Airlines Destinations
Air France Operated by CityJet Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta
Air Transat Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson
BH Air Seasonal: Sofia, Varna, Bourgas
British Airways London-Heathrow
BA Cityflyer Seasonal Charter: Milan-Bergamo, Naples, Ibiza
Brussels Airlines
operated by BMI Regional
Brussels
Eastern Airways Aberdeen, Bergen, Birmingham, Cardiff, Stavanger
EasyJet Alicante, Barcelona, Belfast-International, Bristol, Faro, Málaga, Malta, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Geneva, Ibiza, Minorca, Nice, Palma de Mallorca
Emirates Dubai
Flybe Belfast-City, Exeter, Jersey, London-Gatwick, Southampton
Seasonal: Guernsey, Hanover, Limoges, Rennes
Jet2.com Alicante, Cork, Dalaman, Faro, Geneva, Heraklion, Kraków, Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Murcia, Paphos, Prague, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Chambéry, Corfu, Dubrovnik [begins 16 March 2012], Ibiza, Málaga, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Rhodes, Split, Toulouse
KLM Amsterdam
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Düsseldorf
Manx2 Isle of Man
Orbest Orizonia Airlines Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
Ryanair Dublin, Oslo-Rygge [ends 8 January]
Seasonal: Girona
Saga Airlines Seasonal: Dalaman
Thomas Cook Airlines Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Málaga, Monastir, Orlando-Sanford, Paphos, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Alicante, Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Izmir, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Mahón, Palma de Mallorca, Reus, Rhodes, Santorini, Skiathos, Zakynthos
Thomson Airways Alicante, Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Cancún, Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Malta, Minorca, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Paphos, Punta Cana, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Skiathos, Thessaloniki, Turin, Verona, Zakynthos
Widerøe Stavanger

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Express operated by Swiftair Glasgow, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Royal Mail operated by Jet2.com East Midlands, London-Stansted

Other facilities

When Gill Airways existed, its head office was in the New Aviation House, on the airport property.[5]

Surface access

Light rail

Newcastle Metro Station

Airport station on the Tyne and Wear Metro is directly connected to the terminal through an indoor walkway. The station is the northern terminus of the green line with frequent, direct services to Newcastle upon Tyne (22 mins) and Sunderland (55 mins) city centres.

Road transport

The Airport is connected to the A1 trunk road by the A696 dual carriageway. A regular bus service (3) also runs from the airport to Newcastle (Kingston Park) and South East Northumberland. A half-hourly service (X77 / X78 / X79) links the Airport to the nearby villages of Ponteland and Darras Hall, as well as Newcastle City Centre. Services X77/X78/X79 are Monday to Saturday daytime services only, with the last journeys being made at around 18:00 hours. Service 74A operates a limited service to the City Centre at other times.

Heavy rail

The building of a heavy rail link to connect the airport with the National Rail network is planned (before 2016).[citation needed]

Ancillary services

The main handling agents at the Airport are Swissport UK (previously Groundstar) who provide services for eighteen of the above 26 airlines and Servisair, their cargo division has a significant operation at Newcastle. Servisair have recently brought a new operation to Newcastle (14 February 2011); SmartHandling by Servisair, which is limited to providing services to Easyjet.

There are two hotels on the Airport site, the Britannia Airport Hotel and a Premier Inn, with another Premier Inn located at Callerton, near the general aviation terminal. The construction of a new 187-bedroom, 4-star hotel began in June 2007 and is due to open Winter 2010[6]

Traffic statistics

The airport saw significant growth in the ten years to 2007, when passenger numbers peaked at 5.65 million, more than double the number handled ten years earlier. Passenger numbers declined in the subsequent three years due to the financial crisis of 2007–2010, with 4.36 million passengers passing through the airport in 2010 (below the 2004 total), although cargo volumes have consistently increased to record levels with a 40.5% annual increase in 2010 alone.[2]

Number of passengers[2]
Number of movements[7]
Freight
(tonnes)[2]
Mail
(tonnes)[2]
1997 2,642,591 81,279 1,219 3,489
1998 2,984,724 81,299 678 3,631
1999 2,994,051 79,291 776 3,409
2000 3,208,734 82,940 526 3,720
2001 3,431,393 82,524 783 2,859
2002 3,426,952 79,173 1,438 2,368
2003 3,920,204 75,113 924 2,576
2004 4,724,263 77,721 799 7,756
2005 5,200,806 55,494 199 7,820
2006 5,431,976 58,940 306 7,884
2007 5,650,716 58,395 785 8,483
2008 5,039,993 54,706 1,938 10,901
2009 4,587,883 69,254 2,597 9,758
2010 4,356,130 66,677 3,650 9,062
NCL10.png
Ten busiest domestic routes to and from Newcastle Airport (2009)[2]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change
2008 / 09
1 London Heathrow 424,251 decrease11
2 Belfast International 172,655 decrease10
3 Bristol 165,729 decrease11
4 London Stansted 121,134 decrease14
5 Southampton 103,261 decrease6
6 London Gatwick 97,385 decrease12
7 Belfast City 44,985 increase7
8 Exeter 27,072 decrease31
9 Aberdeen 26,446 increase43
10 Cardiff 21,339 decrease30
Busiest international routes to and from Newcastle Airport (2010)[2]
Rank Airport Passengers handled  % Change
2009 / 10
1 Amsterdam 243,886 decrease3
2 Palma de Mallorca 238,252 decrease7
3 Alicante 179,342 decrease18
4 Paris Charles de Gaulle 166,989 decrease7
5 Málaga 164,114 decrease13
6 Dubai 163,064 increase12
7 Dalaman 145,898 increase51
8 Tenerife South 144,085 increase14
9 Dublin 126,035 decrease18
10 Faro 94,251 decrease18
11 Sharm el-Sheikh 89,976 increase74
12 Barcelona 85,991 decrease12
13 Murcia 81,959 increase1
14 Lanzarote 70,585 increase7
15 Paphos 61,498 decrease21
16 Ibiza 54,573 decrease25
17 Las Palmas 54,366 increase28
18 Bodrum 50,990 decrease11
19 Larnaca 47,287 increase22
20 Corfu 46,730 increase17

Accidents and incidents

  • 30 November 2000 - A Piper Aerostar registered N64719 en route to Iceland crashed close to Fearnoch, on the north side of Loch Tay in Perthshire, killing the single crewmember. The aircraft had departed from Newcastle Airport. The accident report concluded that the aircraft gradually lost airspeed during an icing encounter, before stalling and the pilot losing control.[8]
  • 11 February 2004 - A Robinson R22 Beta lost height while in a hover taxi and impacted the ground causing major damage to the aircraft and minor injuries to the pilot and passenger.[9]
  • 5 August 2008 - A Royal Air Force Tornado GR4A overran the runway making an emergency landing after suffering a bird strike. The crew were uninjured although the aircraft suffered damage.[10]
  • 25 May 2009 - A Rockwell Commander 112 registered G-FLPI veered off the runway while landing. The nosewheel collapsed, the propeller and fuselage suffered damage, but the pilot was uninjured.[11]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Newcastle - EGNT
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics
  3. ^ *"Newcastle International Airport extension opened" (Press release). Copenhagen Airports. 13 August 2004. http://www.cph.dk/CPH/UK/Newsroom/News/2004/Newcastle+extension.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  4. ^ "Work on new £8.2m Air Traffic Control Tower takes-off." (Press release). Newcastle International Airport. 23 May 2006. http://www.newcastleairport.com/General/News/workbeginsonnewairtrafficcontroltower.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-12. "Work has started today on Newcastle International Airport's multi-million pound construction to build a new state-of-the-art air traffic control tower." 
  5. ^ "Contact Us." Gill Airways. 23 April 2000. Retrieved on 22 September 2010.
  6. ^ Newcastle Airport Hotel
  7. ^ Number of movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during the year.
  8. ^ Report on the accident to Piper PA60-602P, N64719 on 30 November 2000, UK AAIB
  9. ^ Robinson R22 Beta, G-BSXN on 11 February 2004, UK AAIB
  10. ^ Tornado GR4A, ZA 371 on 5 August 2008, UK AAIB
  11. ^ Report on the accident to Rockwell Commander 112, G-FLPI on 25 May 2009, UK AAIB

External links


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