A Winnipeg bus still in the older transit orange and cream paint scheme
Founded 1882 Headquarters 421 Osborne Street Service area Winnipeg, Manitoba Service type Public Transit Routes 88 routes Stops 6,000 stops Fleet 535 buses Daily ridership 110,000+ Operator City of Winnipeg Web site Official Website
The Winnipeg Street Railway operated a horse car operation from 1882 to 1894. It was rendered obsolete and acquired by the Winnipeg Electric Street Railway (1892, later Winnipeg Electric Railway and Winnipeg Electric Co.), which ran electric streetcars, regular buses from 1918, and electric trolley buses from 1938. The system was purchased by the City of Winnipeg in 1953 and was renamed the Greater Winnipeg Transit Commission. The Commission oversaw the end of streetcar services in 1955 and trolleybus services in 1970. The Commission was merged into the Metropolitan Corporation of Greater Winnipeg from 1961 until 1972 when the amalgamated City of Winnipeg absorbed both entities under the current name of Winnipeg Transit.
Public transit in Winnipeg began in 1882 with the horse-drawn Winnipeg Street Railway Company (WSR) under the direction of Toronto businessman Albert William Austin. The WSR experimented with electric cars in 1891, but the city gave the electric rights in 1892 to the competing Winnipeg Electric Street Railway Company (WESR), headed by William Mackenzie and James Ross of Montreal. The width of Winnipeg's main streets allowed both companies to operate simultaneously. Austin's company lost 68 horses to a disastrous fire in 1893. He tried to fight for exclusive street railway rights in court, all the way to the Privy Council in London, but after losing his case, he sold almost all of its assets to the WESR for $175,000 in 1894.
Horse car operations ended the next day, except for the Kennedy Street line, which city council required to operate for another six weeks. Austin kept the Elm Park horse-car line to operate as a private venture; his company had opened the park in the 1890s to drum up business on the line during off-peak times. With the ending of a price war between the two companies, fares doubled, from 50 up to 25 tickets for a dollar, or 5¢ cash.
The WESR continued to expand its lines, its inventory of rolling stock, and its car barns. It bought the Manitoba Electric & Gas Light Company for $400,000 in 1898, changed line voltage from 250 to the standard 550 volts in 1899.
The Winnipeg General Power Company was incorporated by officers of the WESR in 1902, and amalgamated with railway company in 1904. The combined company adopted a new name, the Winnipeg Electric Railway Company (WER), and now controlled all street railway, electric power, and gas utilities in the city.
The Suburban Rapid Transit Company (SRT, 1902), operated west of Winnipeg along Portage Avenue, inaugurating a line as far as Charleswood in 1903. It initially leased cars and bought power from the WESR. It was bought up by the amalgamated WER in 1905, which finished expansion of its line to the village of Headingly by the end of the year.
The Winnipeg, Selkirk & Lake Winnipeg Railway, an interurban electric transit company incorporated in 1900, operated cars from the WESR's Main Street terminal to the town of Selkirk, with a later spur line from West St Paul to Stonewall. Its stock was bought by the WESR in 1906, although it continued to operate as an independent company (to be spun off much later as Beaver Bus Lines).
Also in 1906, a hydroelectric plant was completed in Pinawa, and streetcars started operating on Sundays, following a plebiscite.
The company did well during the economic boom of the early 1900s, and built a new headquarters in the eleven-storey Electric Railway Chambers building at Notre Dame Avenue and Albert Street in 1911–13. In 1914, the Public Utilities Commission ordered the WER to start collecting fares on a pay-as-you-enter system (PAYE), which required some rebuilding of cars.
From 1914–15, the WER would start to experience competition from jitneys, privately-owned taxi cabs. The financial pressures of this competition, tensions with the Public Utilities Commission about route planning, complaints regarding the poor state of rolling stock all led to a crisis in 1918. Negotiations with the city led to a repealing of the jitney bylaw, some route changes, a program of rebuilding old trolley cars, and the first appearance of motor buses in Winnipeg. The company was also affected by the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919, a terrible explosion and fire at the Main Street car barn, after which some rolling stock was bought from the Twin City Rapid Transit Company of Minneapolis (most of the WER's stock been built by the company in Winnipeg, or by the Ottawa Car Company).
In 1921 it also bought some Birney Safety Cars from Preston Car & Coach, which would start service in 1923 after delays caused by controversy over the safety of the one-man cars. Increasing competition with the automobile and the post-war economic slump forced the company to rebuild the rest of its own fleet as one-man cars.
On March 13, 1924, the Manitoba Legislature passed a bill changing the company's name to the Winnipeg Electric Company.
- Winnipeg Electric Company (WECo.)
In January 1940, William Carter was named the new President of Winnipeg Electric Company.
During the summer of 1948 a Public Utility Board inquiry took place questioning the depreciation costs claimed by WECo. and its predecessors on streetcar equipment. This led to a difference of $495,000, part of which WECo. overclaimed $363,504, overestimated $30,000 for snow removal costs, and didn't include a $99,000 "saving" on conversion to trolleybuses.
The River Ave. bus route was extended and its name changed to Crescent in October 1949 after a six-month battle over the routing.
- Greater Winnipeg Transit Commission (GWTC)
A referendum was conducted in March 1953, where only the electorate in the city proper were eligible to vote. It created the Greater Winnipeg Transit Commission because the Winnipeg Electric Company did not want to operate the transit system any longer.
Express bus service was introduced on the Portage route starting November 4, 1957. A 5-cent premium fare was charged to passengers.
In response to an expressway plan published in 1957 that was sponsored by the Downtown Winnipeg Association, a city councillor sponsored the hiring of Norman D. Wilson to design a subway plan for the greater Winnipeg area. This plan was published on April 11, 1959 as the Future Development of the Greater Winnipeg Transit System.
- Metro Winnipeg Transit
In October 1962 a report on transit was released which recommended scrapping the idea of a 'downtown bus terminal' for Winnipeg Transit. It also recommended a price reduction of 50 cents for monthly passes.
As part of the new Metro administration, a metropolitan development plan, which took several years to complete, was begun in 1962. The transportation component, the Winnipeg Area Transportation Study, whose recommendations were published in January 1969, called for five freeways, a suburban beltway, and a 5.4-mile underground subway.
Bus fares were raised from 15 cents to 25 cents in April 1969.
In 1969 the main transit garage was moved from Assiniboine Avenue to a new location on Osborne St.
In August 1970 several River Heights residents opposed a jointly managed Unibus shuttle service for University of Manitoba students. Riding Unibus would save students from paying the regular adult fare, instead they would pay $20 for six months' use. However, residents were upset that the routes would depreciate housing where the buses traversed and that the service was only available to University students.
- Winnipeg Transit
In the late 1970s Winnipeg Transit paid an outside design firm to create a new logo for the transit department, although it wasn't until two or three years later when bus stops begun to feature the new design.
In April 1982 the Works and Operations Committee awarded Mediacom, Inc. a contract to build and maintain 200 transit shelters with advertising for a period of 15 years.
During the week of September 23, 1982, Winnipeg Transit tested a GM-built articulated bus on the Portage and Pembina routes. The bus, numbered 900, was constructed from parts of a GM New Look with a Classic front end. It was destined to operate as part of the Mississauga Transit fleet.
When Edmonton and Calgary completed the first phase of their light rail (LRT) systems in the early 1980s, they found that they needed fewer diesel buses. They sold some of them to Winnipeg Transit, which in turn bought 10 double-rear-door Flyer models from Edmonton (380 series), and another 10 GM New Look buses from Calgary (290 series).
During the summer of 1985 all bus stops in Winnipeg were replaced with new ones bearing a telephone number that started with 235-. When a transit passenger called this number he/she would hear a computerized female voice give the current time, and the transit routes and times those routes passed through that particular stop. Telebus, which is based on software by Teleride Corporation, was officially launched in February 1986. Costs were shared 50-50 between the Province and City to pay the $1.3 million to set up the original system. However, in 1987 all bus stop decals were replaced with the 287- telephone exchange.
After several years delay, the Graham Avenue Transit Mall was completed over a two-year period 1994-95 at a cost of $5.7 million.
The Winnipeg Free Press conducted a downtown idea contest in 1994, which Jeff Lowe won with an idea for a rail-based streetcar to serve the downtown Winnipeg area. Subsequently this idea was added to the CentrePlan report, the CentrePlan formed a "downtown connector" committee, of which a representative from Winnipeg Transit participated. In 1999 the Downtown BIZ had put forward a request for a feasibility study on a streetcar connector for downtown. However this did not happen until 2002. The subsequent report, which was never released, was very soft on recommending any form of connector service.
There have been changes to Winnipeg Transit since the completion of the Graham Avenue Transit Mall in 1995. In the early 21st century, the three levels of government made a deal to fund the development of three infrastructure projects: Kenaston Underpass, Phase I of the Southwest Transit Corridor, and funding for expansion of the Floodway. The Kenaston Underpass was completed in the fall of 2006, and the Floodway expansion project and Southwest Transit Corridor are underway.
It was announced in early 2007 that if 25 centimetres or more of snow were to fall, only seven mainline transit routes would operate. Since then, Winnipeg Transit has devised a more detailed winter snow plan that has three phases. In the first phase, the "Blue Snow Plan", most suburban and short-trip routes (including DART service) would not operate, and most other routes would operate on shortened or simplified routes. In the second phase, the "Red Snow Plan", transit service would be reduced to thirteen routes running along major arterial roads and serving downtown, major hospitals, and the airport. In the third phase, transit would cease to operate completely. Winnipeg Transit has not had to implement the snow plan as of September 2009.
On November 16, 2007, the federal, provincial, and municipal governments announced the Transit Improvement Program, in which it includes upgrades and improvements to existing infrastructure for buses, such as transit priority signals, transit-only lanes, and new bus shelters. In addition to an order of 33 new regular 40-foot low-floor buses, Winnipeg Transit also ordered 20 new 60-foot articulated Diesel-Electric Hybrid buses; the first bus was delivered by the end of 2007. The test of the first articulated bus was not successful, and that part of the order was cancelled.
In 2008, Winnipeg Transit added the "Next stop" program. "Next stop" announces the next bus stop in a computerized female voice, and shows the street name on a small display on the roof in the front of the bus. It also shows whether a stop has been requested by a passenger. The program was preceded by a phase where transit operators called out stops, which led to debate over whether this would distract drivers from the road.
As of 2009, Telebus operates through one telephone number - 287-7433 or BUS-RIDE. Users can access information about buses stopping at a specific bus stop by entering the five-digit code located on the sign for that stop. The first number of the stop designates the municipal area the stop is located in (1 for the old City of Winnipeg, 5 for St. Boniface and St. Vital, etc.).
In the spring of 2004 Glen Murray, who was Mayor of Winnipeg at the time, decided to run in the federal election in the Charleswood-St. James riding as a Liberal in a mostly Progressive Conservative area. Murray was taking the side of high level bureaucrats at Winnipeg Transit who preferred Bus Rapid Transit over rail-based options such as subway or LRT. Sam Katz became the successor mayor in his place after a mini-election and began to make plans to cancel the BRT project. After several weeks of debate, mostly in the local newspapers, a vote at Council took place on September 29, 2004. The BRT project was canceled by a strong vote. Subsequent to that, Dallas Hansen wrote an op-ed column in the Free Press saying that he discovered the Wilson subway plan for Winnipeg and had extolled its benefits to the city. However, in 2008, the City resurrected the BRT project, now called the Southwest Rapid Transit Corridor. Ground was broken on Phase I of the corridor in the summer of 2009. Phase I will run from downtown Winnipeg to roughly the intersection of Pembina Highway and Jubilee Avenue. The proposed Phase II will run from that intersection to Bison Avenue, near the University of Manitoba.
Winnipeg Transit has a staff of 1,366, of which 950 are bus operators.
There are about 6,000 bus stops across Greater Winnipeg area, 800 bus shelters and 1,500 transit benches.
To facilitate use of the system, Winnipeg Transit's web site provides a service called Navigo which allows users to specify a starting location and destination (either by address, Winnipeg landmark, or intersection) and the desired time of arrival or departure (specified as "before" or "after"). It then produces all the available bus routes that meet the criteria, estimating how much time is spent walking to bus stops and waiting for buses, as well as how many transfers are required to arrive at the destination.
Winnipeg Transit has 499 buses. 415 are low-floor easy access buses. As of June 2009, the Flyer D901 series retired. The following fleet roster is as of June 2011:
Current Complete Fleet List Make/Model Series Model Year Notes New Flyer 140-169 D40LFR 2011 Being Delivered
140 bike rack
New Flyer 101-135 D40LFR 2010 120-135 bike rack
128 has Driver Shield
New Flyer 201-230 D40LF 2004 204 Retired Due to Fire New Flyer 231-260 D40LF 2005 New Flyer 270-281 D40LF 2007 MCI 301-334 Classic 1988 301-304 310-316 319-321 323 324 326 328-332 334 Remain in Active New Flyer 340-366 D40 1992 340 360 365 Remain New Flyer 370-399 D40 1994 380 and 397 Retired
370 372 373? 374 390 394 398 399 are still in orange colours
New Flyer 401-443 D40LF 1998 Being Rebuild New Flyer 444-504 D40LF 1999 Being Rebuild New Flyer 510-561 D40LF 2002 New Flyer 570-599 D40LF 2003 New Flyer 671-699 D40 1994 All Rebuild New Flyer 701-733 D40LFR 2008 705 has Driver Shield New Flyer 735-799 D40LFR 2009 765 has Driver Shield New Flyer 801-828 D40 1989 801 808 812 814 815 817-820 823 824 826 Remain New Flyer 831-860 D40 1990 832 848 852 858-860 Remain New Flyer 861-890 D40 1991 863 865 866 868 871 879 882 884 889 Remain New Flyer 901-910 Invero/D40i 2004 Ex701-710
Only used for rush hour
New Flyer 911-925 D30LF 1996 All Rebuild New Flyer 930-949 D30LF 2001 931 Rebuild New Flyer 991-993 D40LF 1994 All Rebuilt
Only used for rush hour
- Winnipeg Transit Base & Fort Rouge Garage (1969)
- North Main Garage (Main St. @ Carruthers)
As of August 2009, Winnipeg Transit operates 89 routes. Of these, 29 are labelled either as express routes or park-and-ride, 28 are regular routes connecting the city centre with the suburbs, 20 are suburban routes, five are crosstown routes, three are Downtown Spirit routes, and four are dial-a-ride transit (DART) routes.
Most routes serving downtown have an official route name as well as number, and are usually named based upon their main streets they travel on. (The exceptions are the Routes 53 and 56, which connect downtown with the northern section of St. Boniface). Some routes travel in two directions from downtown, each direction carrying the same number but different signage. Some routes' ultimate destinations also vary from trip to trip, and carry secondary signage to designate the specific sub-route. For instance, the route 16 Osborne (southbound) may have one of five different ultimate destinations depending on the time of day, day of the week, and intended route: two of these destinations (St. Vital Centre and Kingston Row) are in St. Vital, two (Southdale Centre and Island Lakes) are in St. Boniface, and one (Plaza Drive) is in Fort Garry.
Express routes also have official route names and connect downtown with either the suburbs or the industrial areas. Suburban express routes normally operate inbound in the morning and outbound in the afternoon, weekdays only, while routes connecting downtown with industrial areas operate as required. The Route 80 Industrial Express runs seven days a week to serve customers who work in the Fort Garry Industrial Park.
Suburban routes do not enter the downtown core. They are scheduled according to customer demand; some only run during rush hour, while some run whenever transit is operating.
The three "Downtown Spirit" routes use smaller accessible buses and serve the city centre. Two connect Main Street, Broadway, the Exchange District, and The Forks, one running clockwise, the other counter-clockwise; the other connects the University of Winnipeg with the Graham Transit Mall and City Hall.
Many routes that do not have official names still may display signage. The Route 53 bus has no official name but buses on the route use the signage "Norwood".
The DART routes serve communities in south Winnipeg. Three DART routes replace regular transit service to neighbourhoods (Riel/Plaza Drive, St. Norbert, and Southdale/Island Lakes) during times when demand for transit service is insufficient to justify running a regular bus route, while one DART route provides daytime service to residents of the northern section of St. Boniface.
Winnipeg Transit operates accessible buses on most routes. Non-accessible buses are commonly used only during peak hours or on major routes that end at the University of Manitoba (Routes 60 and 75, especially).
Major Bus Stops
- Polo Park Shopping Centre Terminal
- Garden City Terminal
- Kildonan Place Terminal
- St. Vital Shopping Centre Terminal
- University of Manitoba Terminal
- University of Winnipeg Terminal
- Unicity Terminal
- Graham Avenue Transit Mall
- Balmoral Station
- Osborne Station (under construction)
- Harkness Station (under construction)
- Fort Rouge Station (under construction)
2011 fare structure:
Fare type Cash 10 Tickets Monthly Pass Superpass (Mon-Sun) Max 5 (Mon-Fri) Full Fare $2.40 $21.00 $75.35 $21.00 $18.60 Reduced Fare* $1.90 $14.30 $51.00 $14.30 n/a Senior Fare $1.90 $10.50 $37.70 $10.50 n/a Handi-Transit Fare $2.40 $21.00 $75.35 n/a n/a Post-Secondary Student n/a n/a $60.10 n/a n/a
- Reduced Fare applies to Youths 6-16, High School Students 17-21 (with GoCard)
- ^ "Elm Park information". Closed Canadian Parks. Coaster Enthusiasts of Canada. http://cec.chebucto.org/ClosPark/Elm-Park.html. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
- ^ "William H. Carter New President Of Winnipeg Electric". The Winnipeg Tribune. June 25, 1940. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1940williamhcarter.html.
- ^ "Tram Firm Charged With $495,000 Error". The Winnipeg Tribune. August 23, 1948. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1948excessivecharges.html.
- ^ "Bus to Run on Grosvenor, Ending Six-Month Battle". The Winnipeg Tribune. October 4, 1949. p. 1. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1949grosvenor.html.
- ^ "EDITORIAL: Transit Referendum". The Winnipeg Tribune. March 26, 1953. p. 6. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1953referendumeditorial1.html.
- ^ "Non-stop Bus Service Next Week on Portage". The Winnipeg Tribune. November 1, 1957. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1957expressstart.html.
- ^ "Cost Estimated At $449 Million". The Winnipeg Tribune. April 11, 1959. p. 1. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1959subway1.html.
- ^ "Bus fares won't be increased: Transit report hints of failure". The Winnipeg Tribune. October 3, 1962. p. 15. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1962transitreport.html.
- ^ O'Malley, Martin (December 11, 1963). "Keep public transit wheels moving is the aim of WATS". The Winnipeg Tribune. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1963transitwheels.html.
- ^ "Bus fare boosted to 25¢?". The Winnipeg Tribune. January 24, 1969. p. 1. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1969fareincrease.html.
- ^ "Bigger and better bus base". The Winnipeg Tribune. July 7, 1966. p. 8. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1966biggerbase.html.
- ^ "'Keep trolleys': City". The Winnipeg Tribune. December 2, 1969. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1969keeptrolleybuses.html.
- ^ "River Heights group fights Unibus plans". The Winnipeg Tribune. August 5, 1970. p. 29. http://uwto.org/trib/transit_1970riverheightsunibus.html.
- ^ Pona, Steve (April 14, 1982). "U.S. firm claims shelter tender cost city better deal". Winnipeg Free Press. p. 3. http://uwto.org/fp/transit_1982sheltertender.html.
- ^ Olsen, Glenn (September 23, 1982). "Stretching it". Winnipeg Free Press. p. 4.
- ^ Rollason, Kevin (January 25, 1986). "Winnipeg Warms to Telebus". The Winnipeg Sun. http://uwto.org/sun/transit_1986telebus.html.
- ^ Robertson, Bud (May 3, 1994). "Transit corridor coming to life". Winnipeg Free Press. p. B1. http://uwto.org/fp/transit_1994grahammall.html.
- ^ Flood, Gerald (June 27, 1994). "A desire named streetcar: Proposal to bring back trolleys draws applause from experts". Winnipeg Free Press. p. B1. http://uwto.org/fp/transit_1994jefflowestreetcar.html.
- ^ King, Tamara (February 4, 2007). "Too snowy for Transit?". The Winnipeg Sun. p. A6. http://www.winnipegsun.com/News/Winnipeg/2007/03/04/3694061-sun.html.
- ^ Winnipeg Transit Snowplan. Accessed September 28, 2009.
- ^ "Transit Improvement Program: News Release". Winnipeg Transit. November 16, 2007. http://www.winnipegtransit.com/pdfs/Transit%20improvements1107.pdf.
- ^ "Hybrid bendy-bus rolls out". The Winnipeg Sun. December 15, 2007. http://www.winnipegsun.com/News/Winnipeg/2007/12/15/4725778-sun.html.
- ^ "Calling out Winnipeg bus stops spurs debate". CBC News, December 31, 2007. Accessed September 29, 2009.
- ^ Southwest Rapid Transit Corridor.
- ^ "2010 Transit Fares". Winnipeg Transit. http://myride.winnipegtransit.com/en/fares/transit-fares/.
- Baker, John E. (1982). Winnipeg's Electric Transit: The Story of Winnipeg's Streetcars and Trolley Busses. West Hill, Ontario: Railfare. ISBN 09-1913-031-3.
- Winnipeg Transit
- Transit Rider Union of Winnipeg
- All Time List of Canadian Transit Systems - Transit History of Winnipeg, Manitoba
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