Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro


Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro
Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro

Self portrait (1926), Chiado Museum, Lisbon
Birth name Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro
Born November 21, 1857(1857-11-21)
Lisbon
Died November 6, 1929(1929-11-06) (aged 71)
Lisbon
Nationality Portuguese
Field Painting
Training Escola Superior de Belas-Artes de Lisboa
Movement Realism
Works The Lion Group, 1885, Portrait of Antero de Quental, 1889

Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (Lisbon, 21 November 1857 – Lisbon, 6 November 1929), who is usually referred to as Columbano, was a Portuguese Realist painter. Usually considered the greatest Portuguese painter of the 19th century, he has been compared to the likes of Wilhelm Leibl and Thomas Eakins.

Life and work

Columbano was the son of a mediocre romantic painter, Manuel Maria Bordalo Pinheiro, and the younger brother of the great caricaturist, Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro. He became the leading painter of his generation and the master of realism in Portuguese painting, specializing in portraiture. He was disciple of his father, of the painter Miguel Ângelo Lupi and the sculptor Simões de Almeida. After attempting twice for a bursar to study abroad finally in 1881 the countess of Edla, second wife of D.Fernando would finance his study in France. There he studied the work of French naturalist, realist and impressionist painters, like Courbet, Manet and Degas without losing his distinctive style which is often gloomy and intimist. He joined the "Grupo do Leão" (The Lion's Group), a usual meeting of artists, writers and intellectuals in a Lisbon downtown restaurant called "Leão de Ouro" (The Golden Lion) in order to discuss aesthetic issues and proclaim Naturalism against the academic art of the time. The group also included Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro, António da Silva Porto, Marques de Oliveira and José Malhoa. He painted portraits of some of the greatest names of Portuguese society and culture of his time like José Maria de Eça de Queiroz, Teófilo Braga, Raul Brandão and had great psychological accuracy in defining the personality of those depicted. His most famous portrait was that of the poet Antero de Quental in 1889. In this haunting work Columbano seems to have anticipated Antero's suicide.

Columbano was a well known Republican, so it wasn't surprising that after the Republic proclamation, in 1910, he was invited to design the flag of the new regime and was nominated director of the National Museum of Contemporary Art, currently the Chiado Museum, in Lisbon, of which he was in charge from 1914 to 1927. The best collection of his paintings is in the Chiado Museum, in Lisbon. He's also represented in some of the finest Portuguese museums, like the National Museum Soares dos Reis, in Porto.

Manuel Gustavo Bordalo Pinheiro, oil on wood, 1884
The Lion Group, oil on canvas, 1885

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro — Porträt das Teófilo Braga, Öl auf Leinwand, um 1920 Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (* 21. November 1857 in Lissabon; † 6. November 1929 ebenda) war ein portugiesischer Maler des Realismus, spezialisiert in der Porträtmalerei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro — Manuel Borges Carneiro, por Columbano …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro — Infobox Comics creator name = Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro imagesize = caption = birthname = birthdate = 21 March1846 location = Lisbon, Portugal deathdate = death date and age|1905|1|23|1846|3|21 deathplace = Lisbon, Portugal nationality = Portuguese …   Wikipedia

  • Pinheiro — may refer to:PeopleFootballers*Alessandro Pinheiro Martins, Brazilian footballer *Carlos Alberto Souto Pinheiro Júnior, Brazilian footballer *Grazielle Pinheiro Nascimento, Brazilian footballer *Julio César Pinheiro, Mexican footballer *Juninho… …   Wikipedia

  • Columbano — puede referirse a: San Columbano (Columbano de Luxeuil) Abadía de San Columbano Cruz de San Patricio y Columbano, cruz celta situada en el interior del cementerio de la abadía de Kells Columbano (nombre) Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro Véase también… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pinheiro — ist der Name folgender Orte: Pinheiro (Maranhão), ein Ort im brasilianischen Bundesstaat Maranhão in Portugal: Pinheiro (Aguiar da Beira) Pinheiro (Castro Daire) Pinheiro (Felgueiras) Pinheiro (Guimarães) Pinheiro (Oliveira de Frades) Pinheiro… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bandera de Portugal — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bandera de Portugal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liste der Biografien/Pi — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Portugiesische Flagge — Flagge Portugals Vexillologisches Symbol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Malhoa — José Malhoa, um 1900 José Vital Branco Malhoa (* 28. April 1855 in Caldas da Rainha; † 16. Oktober 1933 in Figueiró dos Vinhos) war ein portugiesischer Maler. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.