name=MK Rail MK5000C
poweroutput=5,000 hp (3.7 MW)
disposition=All rebuilt into
MK50-3in service with Utah Railway
The MK5000C is a 5000 hp (3.7 MW) North American diesel-electric locomotive developed by the rail division of
Morrison Knudsenknown as MK Rail. At the time of its introduction in 1994, the MK5000C was the most powerful single prime mover diesel-electric locomotiveever made, a title it would hold for only for one year until GE Transportation Systemsreleased its competing 6000hp (4.4 MW) AC6000CW model in 1995.
In the early 1990s
MK Rail, a long time locomotive remanufacturer, announced its plan to compete directly with Electro Motive Division (EMD) and GE Transportation Systems( GE) by beginning its own high-horsepower locomotive program, starting with a 5000 hp DC drive locomotive and continuing with 5500 hp (4.1 MW) and 6000 hp (4.4 MW) AC drive locomotives in later years.
In response to the MKRail program, GE announced the 6000 hp AC drive
GE AC6000CW, and EMD announced the 5000 hp SD80MAC, and later the 6000 hp SD90MACboth AC drive locomotives.
The MK5000C was powered by the 5000 hp
Caterpillar V123612 diesel engine. This diesel engine remains one of the largest engine blocks used in rail service in North America. The Cat 3612 features a 280 mm (11.0 in) bore with a 300 mm (11.8 in) stroke and has a 1127 in³ displacement per cylinder, 13524 in³ total. The 3612 has dual turbochargers that are liquid aftercooled. The 3612 idles at 300 rpm and has a maximum speed of 1000 rpm.
Caterpillar3612 drove a KATO 16P12-27000 main alternatorwhich was capable of handling 8400 amperesat 1315 V DC at 1000 rpm. The power generated by the main alternator drove 6 MK1000 traction motors, each with a gear ratio of 83:20 and connected to 40 inch wheels which allowed the MK5000C a maximum speed of 70 mph (110 km/h). The MK5000C rode on two 3 axle Dofascodesigned bolster-less trucks, the same that many Canadian MLW and GE designed locomotives ride on.
The first 3 MK5000C were 71 ft 2 in long, while the last three were 73 ft 4 in in length, all 6 were 15’11-½” tall and 10’ wide. The MK5000C weighed 396,000 lb (180 t).
Like most modern locomotives the MK5000C was microprocessor controlled, using an in-house designed system called the MK-LOC. This system monitored the performance of all aspects of the locomotive and controlled the power output as well as the traction control/adhesion of the locomotive. The MK5000C also had electro-pneumatic braking, provided by the EPIC 3102 air brake system which can be found on locomotives of other builders.
The MK5000C carried 5300 US gallons (20,100 L) of diesel, 246 US gal (931 L) of lubricating oil, and 320 gallons (1,210 L) of coolant. This coolant system was unlike that of most other North American locomotives, using a water/antifreeze mix; only with a few Caterpillar repowered switchers and the Electro Motive Division SD90MAC share this trait.
The MK5000C generated 118,000 lbf (525 kN) of continuous tractive effort, and produced around 35% adhesion on dry rail.
The MK5000C at first look appears similar to many 1990s era EMD locomotives. The MK5000C has a fuel tank and long hood that appear very similar to EMD designs, however mechanically the MK5000C shares very little in common with any EMD product.
A total of 6 examples were built, three in August 1994 for demonstration on the
Southern Pacific Railroad, and another three in August 1995 for demonstration on the Union Pacific Railroad. Due to termination of the MK Rail high horsepower program neither railroad purchased the model, and the units were returned after one year of demonstrations. Production was stopped after the sale of MK Rail in 1996, and 3 more unbuilt units sat in storage until 2001 when their frames were scrapped by MK Rail successor MotivePower Industries. One of the MK5000C cabs was used on DM&E5000, a former ATSF SD45B rebuilt into a " SD50M-3". This unit is still in service as MPEX 5000, and can be found in lease service on various railroads in North America.
In 2001 The
Utah Railwaytested and later acquired all 6 units from Wabtec, the owner of MotivePower Industries. However, after one year of operation, all units were out of service due to problems with the main bearings on the Cat 3612 diesel engine and Kato main alternator. The units we returned to Wabtec and had the Cat 3612 and Kato main alternator removed and replaced with an EMD AR11 main alternator. At the same time, the engine blocks were replaced by EMD 3500HP 16-645F3B diesel engines from 5 retired Union Pacific EMD SD50and 1 retired Union Pacific EMD GP50locomotives. The 6 units were reclassed with the designation MK50-3 and are now back in service with the Utah Railway.
*MKRail MK5000C Operators Manual - MK Rail Corporation, Boise Idaho
*Popular Mechanics - December 1994 - "5000 Horsepower!"
*Railfan & Railroad - May 1997 - "The Race for 6000 Horsepower"
*Diesel Era - May/June 2002 - "Motive Power, Inc 2001 Recap"
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