Kings Canyon National Park
Infobox_protected_area | name = Kings Canyon National Park
iucn_category = II
locator_x = 22
locator_y = 85
location = Fresno County & Tulare County,
nearest_city = Fresno
lat_degrees = 36
lat_minutes = 48
lat_seconds = 0
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 118
long_minutes = 33
long_seconds = 0
long_direction = W
area = convert|462901|acre|ha
March 4, 1940
visitation_num = 552,766
visitation_year = 2006
National Park Service:"This article is about Kings Canyon National Park, USA. For Kings Canyon, Australia, see Kings Canyon (Northern Territory)."
Kings Canyon National Park is a
U.S. National Parkin the southern Sierra Nevada, east of Fresno, California. The park was established in 1940and covers convert|462901|acre|ha. It incorporated General Grant National Park, established in 1890 to protect the General Grant Grove.
The park is north of and contiguous with
Sequoia National Park; the two are administered by the National Park Serviceas one unit, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks.
Kings Canyon had been known to white settlers since the mid-1800s, but it was not until
John Muirfirst visited in 1873 that the canyon began receiving attention. Muir was delighted at the canyon's similarity to Yosemite Valley, as it reinforced his theory regarding the origin of both valleys, which, though competing with Josiah Whitney's then-accepted theory, later proved true: that both valleys were carved by massive glaciers during the last Ice Age.
Kings Canyon's future was in doubt for nearly fifty years. Some wanted to build a dam at the western end of the valley, while others wanted to preserve it as a park. The debate was settled in 1965, when the valley, along with Tehipite Valley, was added to General Grant National Park, established in 1890.
Kings Canyon National Park consists of two sections. The small, detached General Grant Grove section of Kings Canyon National Park preserves several groves of
giant sequoiaincluding the General Grant Grove, with the famous General Grant Tree, and the Redwood Mountain Grove, which is the largest remaining natural Giant Sequoiagrove in the world (covering convert|3100|acre|ha and with 15,800 sequoia trees over one foot (30 cm) in diameter at their bases). This section of the park is mostly mixed coniferforest, and is readily accessible via paved highways.cite web |url=http://www.nps.gov/archive/seki/fire/ffmp/pdf/seki_ffmp_fmp_8description.pdf|title=Description of the Parks|accessdate=2006-11-25|format=pdf|work=Sequoia and Kings Canyon Fire Management Plan]
The remainder of Kings Canyon National Park, which comprises over 90% of the total area of the park, is located to the east of General Grant Grove and forms the headwaters of the South and Middle Forks of the Kings River and the South Fork of the
San Joaquin River. Both the South and Middle Forks of the Kings Rivers have extensive glacial canyons. Oneportion of the South Fork canyon, known as the Kings Canyon, gives the entire park its name. According to the Guinness book of world records, Kings Canyon is the deepest canyon in the United States with a maximum depth of convert|8200|ft. The canyon was carved by glaciers out of granite. The Kings Canyon, and its developed area, Cedar Grove, is the only portion of the main part ofthe park that is accessible by motor vehicle. Both the Kings Canyon, and its Middle Fork twin, Tehipite Valley, are glacial “Yosemites” – deeply incised glacial gorges with relatively flat floorsand towering granite cliffs thousands of feet high.
To the east of the canyons are the high peaks of the Sierra Crest culminating in convert|14242|ft|adj=on high
North Palisade, the highest point in the park. This is classic high Sierra country – barren alpine ridges and glacially scoured lake-filled basins. Usually snow free only from late June until late October, the high country is accessible only viafoot and horse trails. The Sierran crest forms the eastern boundary of the park, from Mount Goethein the north, down to Junction Peak, at the boundary with Sequoia National Park. Several well-travelled passes cross the crest into the park, including Bishop Pass, Taboose Pass, Sawmill Pass, and Kearsarge Pass. All of these passes are above convert|11000|ft elevation.
Ecology of the Sierra Nevada
*List of books about the Sierra Nevada for further reading
Sierra Nevada (U.S.)
List of U.S. National Parks by Elevation
* Official site: [http://www.nps.gov/seki/ Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park]
* [http://www.virtualparks.org/parks/kingscanyon1-qtvr-map.html Panoramic photos of North Kings Canyon NP]
* [http://www.virtualparks.org/parks/kingscanyon2-qtvr-map.html Panoramic photos of South Kings Canyon NP]
* [http://www.virtualparks.org/scenes/ZSEfLCQk_vc3fjSrLybyRGw.html Panoramic photo of Kearsarge Pass, Kings Canyon NP]
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