Infobox Australian Place | type = city
name = Ipswich
state = Queensland
pop = 155,000 (within council boundary)
postcode = 4305
elevation = 40
timezone = AEST
utc = +10
lga = City of Ipswich
stategov = Ipswich
fedgov = Blair, Oxley
dist1 = 40
location1 = Brisbane
near-nw = Woodend
near-n = North Ipswich
near-ne = East Ipswich
near-w = West Ipswich
near-e = Newtown Eastern Heights
near-sw = One Mile
near-s = Churchill
near-se = Raceview
The area was first explored by European colonists in 1826, when Captain Patrick Logan, commandant of the
Moreton Baypenal colony, sailed up the Brisbane river and discovered large deposits of limestoneand other minerals. Fact|date=June 2008 In 1827, the first convicts and overseers arrived to mine the area, and the town that built around this industry became known as Limestone, and is remembered by one of the main streets through the Ipswich city centre. Fact|date=June 2008
In 1843, the settlement officially became known as Ipswich, making Ipswich the oldest provincial city in Queensland.Fact|date=June 2007 The name change was proposed by surveyor Henry Wade and approved by Sir
George Gipps, a soldier and Governor of New South Wales. [ [http://www.nrm.qld.gov.au/property/placenames/detail.php?id=16769 Place name details ] ] The UKtown of Ipswichwas once called Gipeswic [ [http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/FeaturesBritain/EnglandOldestTown.htm England's Oldest Town ] ] , derived from the Old English for "workplace by water"
Ipswich was proclaimed as a municipality on
March 2, 1860, and became a city in 1904.
Damaging flooding has occurred on numerous occasions, the largest being in 1893 peaking at 24.5 metres, and more recently during the
1974 Brisbane Flood, peaking in Ipswich at 20.7 metres. Collectively, 8500 houses were flooded in Ipswich and Brisbane. [ [http://www.bom.gov.au/hydro/flood/qld/brochures/brisbane_bremer/bremer.shtml Flood Warning System for the Bremer River to Ipswich ] ]
In 1980s and 1990s, with land in nearby Brisbane becoming fully developed, and very expensive for housing, many new large scale housing estates became attractive for buyers in Ipswich with lower prices and bigger lots. Fact|date=June 2008 Such new housing estates sprung up in Goodna, Springfield Lakes, Collingwood Park, Redbank Plains with acreage estates in Karalee, Barellan Point, and
Ipswich is the site of RAAF Base Amberley, the
Royal Australian Air Force's largest operational base. RAAF Amberley is currently home to No. 1 and No. 6 Squadrons flying F-111 strike aircraft and No. 38 Squadron which flies Caribou transport aircraft. In addition a number of ground support units are located at Amberley. The airbase is currently being expanded and will eventually also house No. 33 Squadron (flying Airbus A330 MRTTtanker-transports) and No. 36 Squadron (flying C-17 Globemaster IIItransport aircraft) and several Army units.
Ipswich is also home to a campus of the
University of Queensland, the annual Ipswich Cup horse races, and [http://www.theworkshops.qm.qld.gov.au/ The Workshops Railway Museum] to commemorate the first trainline in Queensland from Ipswich to Grandchester, approximately 25km to the west. The present Ipswich Station is a major transport interchange.
A large shopping complex is being developed in the Springfield suburb which was, when designed the largest shopping centre in the
southern hemisphereFact|date=June 2007. Accompanying this is a satellite campus of the University of Southern Queensland, which has its primary campus in Toowoomba.
Redbank Plaza shopping mall has had 8 cinemas added as well as a fourth floor of shopping. Three clear retail and service hubs are developing outside Ipswich central and besides Springfield. Brassall and Karalee to the north, Yamanto to the South, and Booval in the central east.
The traditional Ipswich dwelling has always been a detached home on land, however this is changing as housing demand and a desire to live closer to amenities increases. The Ipswich region has also been approved as the new South-East Queensland 'boom corridor' to cope with the high demands to live in the region. New estates and suburbs are currently under development in the Springfield Region and Ripley Valley. Ipswich is currently the fastest growing region in South-East Queensland. Several large apartment buildings are also planned or under construction in the Ipswich
There are three forms of public train transport servicing the Ipswich region.
Queensland Rail's Citytrainoffers regular services to and from Ipswich CBD to Brisbane, Brisbane Airport, the eastern suburbs, and western suburbs (as far as Rosewood). A new rail line is currently under construction from Darra to Springfield and Springfield Lakes. Another rail line has been proposed to run from Ipswich to Yamanto, and the Ripley Valley.
*Westside Buslines is the prominent bus company in Ipswich, linking all sides of town to Ipswich CBD; Redbank; Springfield; or Forest Lake (in Brisbane).
*Southern Cross Citilink is a bus which operates between Ipswich and Indooroopilly via Riverlink, Karalee, Chuwar, Karana Downs, Anstead, and Kenmore.
Queensland Railbuses offer direct daily services to Gatton, Helidon, Fernvale, Lowood, Coominya, Esk, and Toogoolawah.
*An Airport Express Bus operates from Ipswich to
Brisbane Airporton a regular basis. Prior bookings are essential though.
Ipswich also has direct access to the Ipswich Motorway (linking to Brisbane); the Cunningham Highway (linking to Warwick); the Warrego Highway (linking to Toowoomba); and the Centenary Highway (linking Springfield and the Ripley Valley to Brisbane).
Long distance transport
The Westlandertrain pasts through Ipswich Station once a week to Toowoombaand Charleville.
Greyhound Australia(coaches) and McCafferty's offer daily direct services to Toowoomba, Mt Isa, Charlevilleand Sydneyfrom the Ipswich Transit Centre.
*Crisps coaches offer daily direct services to and from
Ipswich Jetsplay in the Queensland Cupcompetition.
V8 Supercarsrace each year at Queensland Racewayat Willowbank in mid July.
* Brookwater Golf Club is the state of the art Greg Norman designed course located in the Springfield Region to the south-east of the CBD.
Ipswich Cougarsplay in the Gridiron Queenslandleague and have been one of the most dominant teams since the launch of Gridiron in Queensland.
* AFL is well represented. The Ipswich Eagles play in second tier division of AFL Queensland. The Ipswich Miners play in the under 18 competition of AFL Queensland. Collingwood Park(Power), Ipswich Central (Cats)and Springfield Lakes play in the junior competition of AFL Brisbane Juniors.
Allan Langer(attended Ipswich State High School and Blair State Primary School), Kevin Walters, Kerrod Walters, Steve Waltersand Dale Shearerrepresented Queensland and Australia at rugby league
Craig McDermottand Shane Watson: represented Queensland and Australia in cricket, attended Ipswich Grammar School.
* John Buchanan: Former
Australian cricket teamcoach
Berrick Barnes: Former Brisbane Broncosplayer and current Queensland Redsplayer. Attended Ipswich Grammar School
Rhan Hooper: Current Brisbane LionsAustralian rules footballer in the AFL. Attended Bundamba State Secondary College.
Mark Tonelli:Olympic gold medallist in swimming, member of the " Quietly Confident Quartet".
Israel Folau(NRL player for Melbourne storm and Australian and Queensland rugby league representative. Played for Ipswich junior rugby league team Goodna Eagles).Fact|date=June 2008
Lagi Setu: NRL Player for St George Illawarra Dragons. Attended Ipswich Grammar School.
Bill Hayden: former Governor General of the Commonwealth of Australia, leader of federal Australian Labor Party.
Pauline Hanson: former member of the Liberal Party of Australiaand founder of the One Nation Party.
Cameron Thompson: former Liberal Member for Blair (1998-2007), lead the push for the Goodna Bypass, Queensland Liberal party presidential candidate running on a Liberal/National merger platform
* Matthew Hickey: singer, founder and director of
The Ten Tenors
David McCormack: former lead member of Custard and The Titanics.
Harold Blair: Aboriginal Tenor and music teacher
* Thomas Shapcott: Author and poet
John Birmingham: ( Liverpool-born) Author
* John Bradfield: Engineer and designer of the
Sydney Harbour Bridge; Story Bridge; and the SydneyRailway System
Joy Chambers: Author, Actor
D'Arcy Doyle: Painter
* Sir Harry Gibbs: Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia
Sir Samuel Griffith: Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia
* Frederick Kesner: (
Colleges and universities
University of Queensland, Ipswich
Bremer Institute of TAFE, Ipswich, Bundamba & Goodna
University of Southern Queensland, Springfield
Ipswich has a considerable number of secondary schools including:
* [http://www.bremershs.eq.edu.au/ Bremer State High School]
Bundamba State Secondary College
Ipswich Girls' Grammar School, established 1892
Ipswich Grammar School, established in 1863, first school to open as a result of the Grammar Schools Actof 1860
Ipswich State high School
Redbank Plains State High School
* [http://www.rosewoodshs.qld.edu.au/ Rosewood State High School]
* [http://www.sec.qld.edu.au/ Saint Edmund's College]
* Saint Mary's College
St Augustine's College Springfield
* [http://www.spcc.qld.edu.au/ St Peter Claver College]
West Moreton Anglican College, Karrabin
* [http://www.wcc.qld.edu.au Westside Christian College]
Ipswich has a number of primary schools including:
Goodna State School, established in 1870.
*Ipswich State School
*Silkstone State School
*St Marys Primary school
*Brassall State Primary School
*North Ipswich State Primary School
*East Ipswich State Primary School
*West Ipswich State Primary School
*Central State Primary School
*Bundamba State Primary School
*Blair State Primary School
*Karalee State Primary School
*Tivoli State Primary School
The first Ipswich Annual Show was held on
2 April 1873, by the Queensland Pastoral and Agricultural Society. There had been shows staged by the Ipswich and West Moreton Horticultural and Agricultural Society as early as 1868.
Originally held at the sale yards situated at Lobb St, Churchill, the show moved to its present home at the Ipswich Showgrounds in 1877
[http://www.ipswichshow.com.au/ Ipswich Show Website]
Goodna Jacaranda Festival
This festival has been held annually at Goodna (Evan Marginson Sportsground) since 1968, over 10,000 people attend this three day event.
[http://www.goodnarsljacfest.gil.com.au/ Goodna Jacaranda Festival]
* [http://www.ipswich.qld.gov.au/documents/environment/colleg~2.pdf Colleges Crossing]
* [http://www.ipswich.qld.gov.au/swim_centres/index.php/ Goodna Aquatic Centre]
* [http://www.ipswich.qld.gov.au/documents/environment/nerima~2.pdf/ Nerima Gardens]
* [http://www.ipswichartgallery.qld.gov.au/ Ipswich Art Gallery]
* [http://www.ipswichcivichall.com.au/ Ipswich Civic Hall]
RAAF Base Amberley
Riverlink Shopping Centre
* [http://www.willowbank-raceway.com.au/ Willowbank Raceway]
* [http://www.queenslandraceway.com.au/ Queensland Raceway]
* [http://www.theworkshops.qm.qld.gov.au/ Workshops Rail Museum]
Nerima City, Japan [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nerima]
* [http://www.walkabout.com.au/theage/fairfax/locations/QLDIpswich.shtml Travel article on Ipswich] from
* [http://www.ipswich.qld.gov.au/ City Council website]
* [http://www.ipswich-city.com/ Independently run information site]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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