Anglo


Anglo

The term Anglo is used as a prefix to indicate a relation to the Angles, England or the English people, as in the phrases 'Anglo-Saxon', 'Anglo-American', 'Anglo-Celtic', and 'Anglo-Indian'. It is often used alone, somewhat loosely, to refer to a person or people of English ethnicity in the The Americas, Australia and Southern Africa. It is also used, both in English-speaking and non-English-speaking countries, to refer to Anglophone people of other European origins.

Anglo is a Late Latin prefix used to denote "English-" in conjunction with another toponym or demonym. The word is derived from Anglia, the Latin name for England, and still the modern name of its eastern region. Anglia and England both mean "Land of the Angles", a Germanic people originating in the north German peninsula of Angeln.

Anglo is not a technical term.Fact|date=February 2008 There are linguistic problems with using the word as an adjective or noun on its own. For example, the 'o' in Anglo means 'and' (Anglo-Saxon means of Angle and Saxon origin), so there is only an apparent parallelism between, for example, "Latino" and "Anglo". However, a semantic change has taken place in many English-speaking regions, so that in informal usage the meanings listed below are valid.

pecialized usage

Australia

In Australia, "Anglo" is used as part of the terms "Anglo-Australian" and "Anglo-Celtic", which refer to the majority of Australians, who are of British and/or Irish descent. [cite web |url=http://www.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/abs@.nsf/94713ad445ff1425ca25682000192af2/49f609c83cf34d69ca2569de0025c182!OpenDocument |title=1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 1995 |accessdate=2008-06-24]

Canada

In Canada, and especially in Canadian French, the term anglophone is widely used to designate someone whose everyday language is English, as contrasted to francophone whose everyday language is French and allophones, those with a different mother tongue. In Quebec, the word refers to English-speaking Quebecers in both English and French. Anglo-Metis is also sometimes used to refer to a historical ethnic group.

Israel

Immigrants from English-speaking countries were referred to as "Anglo-Saxonim", and now sometimes shortened to "Anglo". [cite web |url=http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/LiArt.jhtml?contrassID=2&subContrassID=16&sbSubContrassID=0 |title=Israel Anglo File news, Israel diplomatic map]

New Zealand

"Anglo" in New Zealand refers to anyone who's of British (Anglo-Celtic) ancestry, although the more popular term for them, as well as for any white New Zealander, is Pākehā, a Maori term used by the indigenous Polynesian people.

cotland

In Scotland the term Anglo-Scot, often shortened to "Anglo", is used to refer to people born in England with Scottish ancestry, or people born in Scotland with English ancestry.

outhern Africa

In South Africa, "Anglo-South African"Fact|date=March 2008 is used for predominantly British-descended, English-speaking white people, who are contrasted with the Dutch-descended Afrikaners. Use of "Anglo" occurs elsewhere in former British colonies in Africa which have sizable British communities, including Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Kenya. However, the term "Anglo" is more heavily used in South Africa than in these other countries because of Apartheid and the importance it placed on race.Fact|date=April 2008

United States

In the United States, "Anglo" generally refers to White Americans who are not of Hispanic origin.cite web | url = http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Anglo | title = Anglo - Definitions from Dictionary.com; American Heritage Dictionary | accessdate = 2008-03-29 | quote = Usage Note: In contemporary American usage, Anglo is used primarily in direct contrast to Hispanic or Latino. In this context it is not limited to persons of English or even British descent, but can be generally applied to any non-Hispanic white person. Thus in parts of the United States with large Hispanic populations, an American of Polish, Irish, or German heritage might be termed an Anglo just as readily as a person of English descent. However, in parts of the country where the Hispanic community is smaller or nonexistent, or in areas where ethnic distinctions among European groups remain strong, Anglo has little currency as a catch-all term for non-Hispanic whites. · Anglo is also used in non-Hispanic contexts. In Canada, where its usage dates at least to 1800, the distinction is between persons of English and French descent. And in American historical contexts Anglo is apt to be used more strictly to refer to persons of English heritage, as in this passage describing the politics of nation-building in pre-Revolutionary America: "The 'unity' of the American people derived ... from the ability and willingness of an Anglo elite to stamp its image on other peoples coming to this country" (Benjamin Schwarz). |publisher= Lexico Publishing Group, LLC] The term is used without regard to whether or not they are of English descent. Many people included in the definition do not identify themselves as "Anglo", and some may find the term offensive. For example, some Irish Americans may resist, and deeply resent, the term because of historic tension with England. [cite web | url = http://www.elandar.com/back/www-march96/andar/feature/feature.htm | title = El Andar: Feature Story |date = March, 1996 cite web | url = http://www.geocities.com/fountoftruth/anglo.html |title = letter to the editor, "The Arizona Republic"| date = 1992-08-04] As might other distinctly Celtic people, such as the Welsh or Scots, for the same reason, or those of ethnic origins completely unrelated, such as Russians who find themselves conveniently labeled in this way.

References

ee also

*Anglosphere
*Anglo-African
*Anglo-Burmese
*Anglo-Celtic
*Anglo-Indian
*Anglo-Irish
*Anglophile, Anglophobe
*Anglophone
*Anglo-Saxon
*Anglo-Scottish border
*Anglo-Scot
*Anglo-Boer War


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • anglo- — ♦ Élément, tiré de anglais. anglo Préfixe, du rad. de anglais. ⇒ANGLO , élément préf. Élément de compos. corresp. à l adj. anglais. A. Anglo + adj. ethnique. 1. Le composé est un adj. (substantivable) désignant un être, une civilisation, une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Anglo- — An glo [NL. Anglus English. See {Anglican}.] A combining form meaning the same as English; or English and, or English conjoined with; as, Anglo Turkish treaty, Anglo German, Anglo Irish. [1913 Webster] {Anglo Danish}, a. Of or pertaining to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anglo — ánglo americán adj., s. m. → american Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  ánglo francéz adj. → francez Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  ANGLO elem. englez (< fr., engl. anglo ) …   Dicționar Român

  • Anglo — (n.) American, English speaking white person, 1941, southwestern U.S., from ANGLO AMERICAN (Cf. Anglo American). Anglo was used similarly of native, English speakers in Canada from 1800 and Britain from 1964 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Anglo- — [æŋgləu US glou] prefix [in nouns and adjectives] [: Modern Latin; Origin: Latin Angli; ANGLE] 1.) relating to England or Britain ▪ an anglophile (=someone who loves Britain) 2.) English or British and something else ▪ an Anglo Scottish family ▪… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Anglo- — People in Scotland and Wales understandably view this combining form (as in Anglo French, Anglo Irish, etc.) with some distaste, but it continues to be used as the standard term. The alternative term Brito has not acquired any general currency,… …   Modern English usage

  • Anglo- — [aŋ′glō΄, aŋ′glə] [< L Anglus, sing. of Angli, Angles (see ANGLE)] combining form 1. English, English and [Anglophone, Anglo American] 2. Anglican [Anglo Catholic] …   English World dictionary

  • anglo- — [dal lat. Anglus ]. Primo elemento di parole comp., con riferimento all Inghilterra antica o moderna o alla lingua inglese (per es., anglo normanno, anglosassone, angloamericano ; anglofilia, anglomania, ecc.), e in qualche caso alla Chiesa… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Anglo- — [ æŋglou ] prefix involving or related to England or the U.K.: the Anglo Scottish border …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Anglo- — from M.L. Anglo , comb. form of Angli the English (see ANGLE (Cf. Angle)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • anglo- — elem. de comp. Entra na composição de adjetivos que significam inglês (ex.: anglo luso, inglês e português) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa


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