Infobox UK place
region= South West England
static_image_caption= Market Square
population= 2,794 (2001 Census)
Stow-on-the-Wold is a
market townand civil parishin Gloucestershire, England. It is situated on top of an 800 ft (244 m) hill, at the convergence of a number of major roads through the Cotswolds, including the Fosse Way(A429). The town was founded as a planned market place by Norman lords to take advantage of trade on the converging roads. Fairs have been held by royal charter since 1330 and an annual horse fair is still held on the edge of the town.
Stow-on-the-Wold, originally called Stow St. Edward or Edwardstow after the towns patron saint Edward, probably
Edward the Martyr, [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66438 British History Online: A History of the County of Gloucester, C. R. Elrington (editor), 1965, Pages 142-165] ] is said to have originated as an Iron Age forton this defensive position on a hill. Indeed, there are many sites of similar forts in the area, and Stone Ageand Bronze Age burial moundsare common throughout the area. It is likely that Maugersbury was the primary settlement of the parish before Stow was built as a marketplace on the hilltop nearer to the crossroads, to take advantage of passing trade. Originally the small settlement was controlled by abbotsfrom the local abbey, and when the first weekly market was set up in 1107 by Henry I, he decreed that the proceeds go to Evesham Abbey] .
Edward IIIset up an annual 7-day market to be held in August. This was replaced by Edward IVin 1476 with two 5-day fairs, two days before and two days after the feast of St Philip and St James in May, and similarly in October on the feast of St Edward the Confessor (the saint associated with the town). The aim of these annual fairs was to establish Stow as a place to trade, and to remedy the unpredictable passing trade. These fairs were located in the square, which is still the town centre.
As the fairs grew in fame and importance the town grew more prosperous. Traders who once only dealt in
livestock, now dealt in many handmade goods, and the wool tradealways stayed a large part of the tradeFact|date=September 2008 Reportedly, 20,000 sheep changed hands at one 19th century fair. Many alleyways run between the buildings of Stow into the market square; these once were used in the herding of sheep into the square to be solddubious .
As the wool trade declined, people began to trade in horses, and these would be sold at every Fair. This practice still continues today, although the Fair has been relocated from the Square, and is currently held in the large field towards the village of
Maugersburyevery May and October. It is still a very popular Fair, with the roads around Stow being blocked for many hours on the day.
There has been controversy surrounding Stow Fair. The large number of visitors and traders has attracted more vendors not dealing in horses. In the past local businesses used to profit from the increased custom but in recent years most pubs and shops close for 2 or 3 miles around due to the threat of theft or vandalism. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/gloucestershire/4359734.stm Tearoom bouncers tackle fair fear (BBC News story)] ]
Stow played a role in the
English Civil War. A number of fights took place around the area, the local church of St. Edward being damaged in one such skirmish. On 21 March 1646, the Royalists, commanded by Sir Jacob Astley, were defeated at the Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold, with hundreds of prisoners being confined for some time in St. Edwards.
The famously abrasive columnist and restaurant reviewer
A A Gillin his 2005 book "The Angry Island" called Stow "catastrophically ghastly" and "the worst place in the world", resulting in an angry response from the town's mayor.
Given its exposed spot on the top of Stow Hill, the town is often referred to with the couplet "Stow on the Wold, where the winds blow cold and the cooks can't roast their dinners", but there is no source for this. It may be a corruption of the rhyme connected with
At Brill on the hill
The wind blows shrill
The cook no meat can dress
The wind blows cold
I know no more than this. [English Folk Rhymes 1892 By G. F. Northall RePublished by Kessinger Publishing, 2004 ISBN 141797804X]
Several roads link Stow to the surrounding villages. The
Fosse Way(A429), which runs from Exeter to Lincoln; the A424, which runs from Burford, into the A44 and into Evesham; and the A436, which connects Cheltenham and Gloucester with Stow.
Stow is no longer directly served by train; the nearest railway station is Moreton-in-Marsh (approximately 4 miles from Stow). This station is on the
Cotswold Linefrom Hereford to London Paddington. An alternative is Kingham railway station(approximately 5 miles from Stow) on the same line.
* [http://www.stowonthewold.net/ Town council's web site]
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Stow on the Wold — (spr. ßtō ŏn dhĕ ŭōld), Stadt in Gloucestershire (England), am Fosseway, einer alten Straße, die von Devonshire zum Humber führte, mit alter Kirche, Lateinschule, Handel mit Malz und (1901) 1386 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Stow-on-the-Wold — 51.93 1.7227777777778 Koordinaten: 51° 56′ N, 1° 43′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Stow-on-the-Wold — Market Square avec l église St Edwards en arrière plan. 51°55′39″N … Wikipédia en Français
Stow on the Wold — Original name in latin Stow on the Wold Name in other language Stow on the Wold State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.93008 latitude 1.72382 altitude 235 Population 2120 Date 2010 08 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Stow-on-the-Wold Fair — Cotswolds region, England. A popular gathering for Gypsies. In 1476 a royal charter was granted by Edward IV for the fair. Gypsies have been attending it since about 1890. The fair takes place in May and October, and trading is on a Thursday.… … Historical dictionary of the Gypsies
Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Stow on the Wold partof=English Civil War date=March 21 1646 place=near Stow on the Wold, Gloucestershire result=Parliamentarian victory combatant1=Parliamentarians combatant2=Royalists commander1=Sir… … Wikipedia
Stow — may refer to ;Placenames:;United Kingdom::*Stow cum Quy, Cambridgeshire:*Stow, Lincolnshire (also known as Stow in Lindsey):*Stow, Scottish Borders, properly Stow of Wedale:*Stow Bardolph, Norfolk:*Stow on the Wold, Gloucestershire:*Stowmarket… … Wikipedia
Stow — ist der Name folgender Orte in den USA: Stow (Maine) Stow (Massachusetts) Stow (Ohio) in Großbritannien: Stow (Lincolnshire) Stow (Schottland) Stow cum Quy, Cambridgeshire Stow on the Wold, Gloucestershire Stow ist der Familienname folgender… … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Cotswolds (UK Parliament constituency) — Coordinates: 51°45′22″N 1°46′08″W / 51.756°N 1.769°W / 51.756; 1.769 … Wikipedia
Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom — +44 redirects here. For the band, see +44 (band). United Kingdom telephone numbers Location of United Kingdom (dark green) Location Country United Kingdom Continent … Wikipedia