Ahkam

Ahkam ( _ar. أحكام plural of _ar. حكم) is a reference to the Islamic commandments, derived and understood from religious jurisprudence resources ( _ar. المنابع الفقه).

Ahkam pentad

The acts of a Muslim must be done according to Islamic commandments, categorized in five groups, forming a pentad or ( _ar. الاحكام الخمسة). They show how Performing or abstaining from certain actions can be categorized as being obligatory or recommended in Islamic law. According to Islamic terminology the pentad consists of:

#Wajib, obligatory; also known as: "fard", "rukn"
#Mustahabb / Sunnah, recommended, also known as "fadilah", "mandub"
#Mubah, neither obligatory nor recommended (neutral)
#Makruh, abominable (abstaining is recommended)
#Haraam, prohibited (abstaining is obligatory)

Emergency conditions and public affairs

Religious precepts may be relaxed under certain extraordinary conditions. For example, although Muslims are required to fast during Ramadan, it may be acceptable for an ill man to break his fast if he is certain that fasting will worsen his illness.

The Islamic commandment for a society may become different from the one for an individual, considering the social and public aspects of certain actions. For example, according to various verses of the Quran, [Sura 4, verses 71 and 102.] Muslims are required to carry weapons, but the Islamic state can prohibit or limit weapons to ensure security in the society.

There are three types of pentad:

#Primary commandments, in the normal condition, for personal affairs
#Secondary commandments, in the emergency condition ( _ar. اضطرار), for personal affairs
#State commandments, for public affairs

References

External links

*http://www.al-islam.org/inquiries/20.html


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • ahkâm — is., ç., Ar. aḥkām Hükümler Atasözü, Deyim ve Birleşik Fiiller ahkâm çıkarmak ahkâm kesmek ahkâm yürütmek …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Ahkam — Les ahkam sont les statuts juridiques d une action dans le droit musulman. Les juristes en désignent généralement 5 : wajib / fard : obligatoire ; mandoub / mustahabb / sunnah / fadila : recommandé ; mubah / halal :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ahkâm — (A.) [ مﺎﮑﺣا ] hükümler …   Osmanli Türkçesİ sözlüğü

  • AHKÂM — (Hüküm. C.) Hükümler. Kanunlar. Nizamlar …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • ahkam — hükümler …   Hukuk Sözlüğü

  • AHKÂM-I ADLİYE — Adaletle alâkalı hükümler, emirler. * Adliye nezaretinin eski ismi AHKÂM I FER İYYE VE AHKÂM (Bak: Şeriat …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük

  • ahkâm kesmek — 1) çekinmeden kesin yargılarda bulunmak İşin içinde olmanın verdiği rahatlıkla bol keseden ahkâm kesen akıl hocalarının eleştirilerine hedef olmayı önleyemezler. T. Halman 2) bilir bilmez konuşmak …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • ahkâm çıkarmak — kendi düşüncelerine dayanarak birtakım yargılara varmak …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • ahkâm yürütmek — bir sözden kendi anlayışına göre sonuçlar çıkarmak …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • AHKÂM-I FER'İYYE — (Bak: Şeriat …   Yeni Lügat Türkçe Sözlük


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