USS Arkansas (CGN-41)

The fourth USS "Arkansas" (CGN-41) was a "Virginia"-class nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser of the United States Navy, in service during the 1980s and 1990s.

Construction

Her keel was laid on 17 January 1977 at Newport News, Virginia, by Newport News Shipbuilding, she was launched on 21 October 1978, sponsored by Betty Bumpers (wife of Arkansas Senator Dale Bumpers), and commissioned on 18 October 1980, Captain Dennis S. Read in command.

History

The cruiser spent the four months following her commissioning in the vicinity of Hampton Roads, Virginia, clearing up details associated with her acceptance by the Navy and preparing for her shakedown cruise. Late in February 1981, she made a brief round-trip voyage to Puerto Rico and back and then resumed preparations for shakedown training. In March, she completed contract trials and conducted a public relations call at Port Everglades, Florida. April brought a series of underway qualifications and certifications. On 28 April, "Arkansas" departed Norfolk to carry out shakedown training in the West Indies. That cruise included more tests and trials, port visits to several Caribbean Islands and a swing south to call at Rio de Janeiro and Recife in Brazil. The warship returned to Norfolk on 25 June and began post-shakedown availability at the Newport News Shipbuilding Co. six days later. "Arkansas" completed repairs on 15 December and put to sea for three days of trials before returning to port where holiday routine occupied what little remained of 1981.

The warship did not get underway again until three weeks into 1982. She put to sea on 22 January and shaped a course south to Key West, Florida, where she underwent explosive shock tests. In the intervals between the several tests, "Arkansas" visited Mayport and Port Everglades for work on some of her equipment. Returning north at the beginning of March, she entered the yard at the Newport News Shipbuilding Co. for two months of post-shakedown repairs. The guided-missile cruiser conducted trials at sea on 3 May and 4 May and then returned to Newport News for another 11 days to correct minor deficiencies. She arrived back in Norfolk on 20 May and, the next day, commenced local operations out of her home port. Over the ensuing four months, "Arkansas" carried out a schedule of training operations conducted mostly off the Virginia Capes. Two missions, however, took her south to the West Indies. From 23 June to 16 July, she voyaged to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, for refresher training. Between 24 September and 16 October, the warship served as escort for aircraft carrier "Nimitz" (CVN-68) during an operational readiness exercise executed in the vicinity of Puerto Rico.

Upon her return to Norfolk in mid-October, "Arkansas" began preparations for her first tour of duty with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea. The guided-missile cruiser embarked upon that assignment on 10 November 1982. She completed the transatlantic voyage on 30 November, then set out across the Mediterranean bound for the coast of troubled Lebanon. She arrived on station near Beirut on 6 December. Though "Arkansas" spent most of her time supporting the multinational force ashore in its efforts to keep peace in Lebanon, she left the eastern Mediterranean occasionally for port calls and to participate in some of the 6th Fleet's freedom-of-navigation maneuvers into the Gulf of Sidra off the coast of Libya. The warship completed her final tour on station near Lebanon on 4 May 1983 and laid in a course for Gibraltar. After a two-day visit to the "Rock," "Arkansas" got underway for Norfolk on 10 May.

The cruiser stood into her home port again at the end of the third week in May. Norfolk, however, remained her home port only for the duration of her post-deployment standdown period. On 8 July, "Arkansas" began the long voyage to her new base of operations at Alameda, California Steaming by way of Port Everglades in Florida and Charlotte Amalie in the U.S. Virgin Islands, she arrived in the Canal Zone on 21 July and transited the Panama Canal on the 22d. From there, the warship headed north to Alameda, reaching her destination on 31 July. "Arkansas" spent the next five weeks at her new home port clearing up incidentals attendant to the shift of bases and carried out nuclear propulsion safety training.

Normal operations at sea began again during the second week in September and occupied the guided-missile cruiser for the remainder of 1983 and the first six weeks of 1984. Between 12 February and 14 February 1984, "Arkansas" made the passage from Alameda to Bremerton, Washington, where she entered the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for a three-month repair period. The warship returned to Alameda in mid-May and readied herself for a deployment that became a circumnavigation of the globe. On 1 June, "Arkansas" put to sea on the first leg of her long voyage. En route to Hawaii, she participated in the multinational exercise Operation "RIMPAC 84." She spent the latter half of June conducting exercises in the Hawaiian islands then resumed the voyage west on 2 July. "Arkansas" arrived at Subic Bay on 20 July and remained in the Philippines until the beginning of August. At that time, she set out for Hong Kong where she visited during the period 6 August to 10 August.

From there, "Arkansas" headed for the Indian Ocean. The guided-missile cruiser served almost three months in the Indian Ocean, primarily in that portion known as the Arabian Sea where the protracted war between Iraq and revolutionary Iran threaten to engulf their neighbors and perhaps involve the superpowers as well. On 1 November, "Arkansas" entered the Red Sea on her way to the Suez Canal. She passed through the canal on the 3d and, after an expeditious passage, stopped at Toulon, France, from the 7th to the 12th. Returning to sea on the 12th, the warship shaped a course through the Strait of Gibraltar and across the Atlantic. She rounded out her circumnavigation with calls at the Azores, Barbados and St. Thomas. "Arkansas" transited the Panama Canal on 9 December and reached Alameda on the 17th.

Post-deployment standdown kept her in port at Alameda through the end of 1984 and into February 1985. Between 17 February and 19 February, "Arkansas" steamed north to Bremerton for a four-month restricted availability during which she was armed with Tomahawk cruise missiles and the Phalanx CIWS close-in air defense system. Back at Alameda on 25 June, the guided-missile cruiser resumed training operations out of her home port soon thereafter. The usual exercises, inspections and examinations kept her busy through the summer and fall of 1985. On 7 December, the warship began preparations for overseas movement.

The usual year-end holiday leave and upkeep period interrupted her efforts to get ready for the upcoming deployment, but the guided-missile cruiser put to sea as scheduled on 15 January 1986. Again she participated in exercises during the passage, stopped at Pearl Harbor, and spent only a brief period of time in the western Pacific. By mid-March, after visits to Subic Bay and Singapore, she made her way across the Indian Ocean to Karachi, Pakistan. The guided-missile cruiser called at Karachi between 15 March and 20 March then resumed her voyage to the Arabian Sea. Once more, "Arkansas" patrolled the waters of the troubled Middle East.

Her sojourn in the Arabian Sea, however, lasted only until late April. On the 29th and the 30th, she transited the Suez Canal and headed for another hot spot. During the month of May and June, "Arkansas" served with aircraft carrier "Enterprise" (CVN-65) and guided missile cruiser "Truxtun" (CGN-35) off the coast of Libya in the wake of the air strikes launched on that country by the United States in reprisal for terrorist activity against Americans. During her stay in the Mediterranean, she paid visits to Monaco and Gaeta, Italy. "Arkansas" left the Mediterranean at the end of June and shaped a course for Australia. On 4 July, the same day as the Centennial rededication of the Statue of Liberty, she held her first line-crossing ceremony, somewhere west of Africa. She stopped at Fremantle between 18 July and 22 July and then headed for Subic Bay where she laid over for two days at the end of the month. From there, the warship headed for Pearl Harbor where she paused overnight on 8 August and 9 August. She arrived back in her home port on 13 August. "Arkansas" remained at Alameda until late September for the leave and upkeep period that usually follows an extended tour of duty overseas. Early in October, the warship resumed local operations along the west coast. She remained so occupied for the rest of 1986.

1990s

In May 1991, "Arkansas" deployed to the Persian Gulf as part of the "Abraham Lincoln" carrier battle group.

In 1996 "Arkansas" part of the "Carl Vinson" carrier battle group off the coast of Iraq and participated in the Rugged Nautilus exercise.

Decommissioning

On 7 July 1998 "Arkansas" was decommissioned and entered the Navy’s Nuclear-Powered Ships Recycling Program. She had once been considered to be preserved as a museum ship in her namesake state, but as an ocean-going vessel, would not have been able to navigate inland rivers, except during the springtime flood of the Mississippi River.

Artifacts from "Arkansas", including the ship’s bell and anchor, are on public display at the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum in North Little Rock, Arkansas.

References

*DANFS|http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/a11/arkansas-iv.htm

External links

* [http://www.aimm.museum: Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum]
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/04/040141.htm navsource.org: USS "Arkansas"]
* [http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/dl-dlg/cgn41.htm hazegray.org: USS "Arkansas"]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/rugged.htm globalsecurity.org account of Rugged exercises]
* [http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/CGN41.htm Naval Vessel Register - CGN-41]


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