"Rogneda" ( _ru. Рогнеда) is an opera in five acts, composed by
Alexander Serovduring 1863- 1865. The scenario, by the composer, was based on the novel "Askold's Grave" ("Аскольдова могила", 1833) by Mikhail Nikolaevich Zagoskin and the poem "Rogneda" (ca. 1825) by Kondraty Ryleev. The actual Russian libretto was created by Dmitry Averkiev in the same manner as with the composer's previous opera, "Judith", i.e., with the words written to fit the vocal lines "after" the music had been composed.
This opera forms a sequel of sorts to Alexey Nikolaevich Verstovsky's highly successful
singspiel, "Askold's Grave", which premiered in 1835, just the year before Glinka's " A Life for the Tsar" reached the stage. No less a patriotic opera than those two, "Rogneda" in its plot combines elements of the life of the title character with the Christianization of Russia, dated in 988with the conversion of Vladimir I of Kiev. With its huge cast and sprawling plot, the opera demands spectacle of a Meyerbeerian order.
The premiere pretformance took place on 27 October 1865 at the
Mariinsky Theatrein Saint Petersburg, conducted by [Konstantin Lyadov]
The Moscow premiere followed the following year at the
Bolshoy Theatrein Moscowconducted by Shramek
The premiere of the opera proved to be a resounding hit, and the work remained extremely popular through the end of the
*(Vladimir) Krasnoye Solnyshko [i.e., "Bright Sun"] , prince of the capital Kiev: "
Rogneda, one of his wives: " mezzo-soprano"
Izyaslav, her 13-year-old son: " contralto"
Dobrynya Nikitich, the prince's uncle: "bass"
*Rual'd, a young
Varangian, a Christian: " tenor"
*Ingerd his comrades, Varangians: "tenor"
*Drulav / : "bass"
*Old Man Wanderer: "bass"
*Supreme Priest of
*The Prince's Jester, a merry
*Skul'da, a Varangian witch: "mezzo-soprano"
*Mal'frida, one of Rogneda's slaves: "soprano"
*Izyaslav's Nurse: "soprano"
*Master of Hounds: "baritone"
*1st Hunter: "tenor"
*2nd Hunter: "bass"
Bogatyrs; members of the prince's armed forces; city elders; guests at table; cupbearers; huntsmen; falconers; huntsmen in charge of hounds; hunters on horse and on foot; priests of Perun and immolators of sacrifices; wanderer-pilgrims; women at the feast; female slaves of Rogneda; skomorokhi; male and female dancers; warriors; captive Pechenegs, Varangians; people.
"Time": The end of the
"Place": In and around
"Note: Acts I and V may contain more than one set of stage decor"
Inside Skul'da's cave, the Supreme Priest of Perun, concerned about Prince Vladimir's failure to protect the native religion from encroaching Christianity, has decided that Rogneda -- upon Skul'da's influence -- must kill him. Rogneda enters, already prepared to avenge her father's death at Vladimir's hands. Skul'da's sorcery produces a knife with which Rogneda can perform the deed. The scene changes to a public rite of human sacrifice to the god Perun. When Rual'd, a Christian, prevents the priest from killing the first victim, he is at first threatened with death by the priests; but, after the Supreme Priest finds out that Rual'd, too, has a grievance with Vladimir, Rual'd is spared. (Vladimir kidnapped Rual'd's bride, Olava.)
At a banquet there is celebration with Vladimir, who has returned from his successful campaign. News arrives of a failed attempt by Rual'd to rescue Olava, and Vladimir commands that Rual'd be apprehended and killed. When Dobrynya Nikitich defends Rual'd's honorable devotion to his bride, Vladimir at first threatens Dobrynya with banishment, but the court jester manages to calm the situation.
In a forest, Rual'd comes upon some itinerant Christians. An Old Man dissuades him from taking revenge on the Prince -- who, by chance, comes on the scene with his retinue on a hunting expedition from Kiev. When Vladimir is attacked by a bear, Rual'd saves his life at the expense of his own. This sacrifice, as well as the words of the Old Man -- which mention a miracle of salvation during the coming night -- makes a deep impression on the Prince. Due to the late hour, Vladimir decides to stay with Rogneda, whose abode stands nearby.
In her tower, Rogneda is disconsolate until she hears that Vladimir is arriving. After he settles in, the Prince dismisses his retinue and falls asleep. Rogneda, knife in hand, approaches him, but Vladimir suddenly awakens (he has had a dream of danger) and stops her, threatening with execution the next day.
Back at Skul'da's cave, the Supreme Priest in distress consults the sorceress again. Skul'da shows him a vision in which Vladimir commands the people to drown the idol of Perun into the river. Meanwhile, in Rogneda's tower, Izyaslav (Vladimir and Rogneda's young son) intercedes for his mother, causing the Prince to leave his wife's fate in the hands of the people. Called to a "
veche", the people demand Rogneda's death. Izyaslav's further entreaties persuade Vladimir to forgive Rogneda, whereupon the wandering Christians appear and thank God for Vladimir's conversion.
*1866, Piano-vocal score, Stellovsky, St. Petersburg
*Varangian Ballad (Act IV)
*Bernandt, G.B. "Словарь опер впервые поставленных или изданных в дореволюционной России и в СССР, 1736-1959" ["Dictionary of Operas First Performed or Published in Pre-Revolutionary Russia and in the USSR, 1836-1959"] (Москва: Советский композитор, 1962), pp. 246-247.
*Serov, Alexander. "Рогнеда": опера в пяти действиях. Арранжированная для пения с фортепиано. ["Rogneda": opera in five acts. Arranged for voice and piano.] Москва: у П.Ю Юргенсона, дозволено цензурою 22 июля 1881 г.
*Taruskin, Richard. "Opera and Drama in Russia As Preached and Practiced in the 1860s". New ed. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 1993.
*_______. "Serov, Alexander Nikolayevich," Grove Music Online (Accessed
11 January 2006),
*_______. "Rogneda," Grove Music Online ((Accessed
11 January 2006),
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rogneda of Polotsk — (962 1002) is the Slavic name for Ragnhild, whose father Ragnvald (Slavic: Rogvolod) came from overseas (i.e., from Scandinavia) and established himself at Polatsk in the mid 10th century. It has been speculated that Ragnvald belonged to the… … Wikipedia
Russian opera — A Russian Warrior, Bilibin s costume design for Borodin s Prince Igor , 1930) Russian opera (Russian: Русская опера) is the art of opera in Russia. Operas by composers of Russian origin, written or staged outside of Russia, also belong to this… … Wikipedia
Russian opera articles — The following is a list of Russian opera articles. It provides the names of composers, librettists, opera patrons, directors, companies, theatres, singers as well as opera titles everything that is connected to the topic Russian opera.18th… … Wikipedia
The opera corpus — is a list of nearly 2,500 works by more than 775 individual opera composers. Some of the works listed below are still being performed today but many are not. The principal works of the major composers are given as well as those of historical… … Wikipedia
Private Opera — The Solodovnikov Theatre The Private Opera (Russian: Частная Опера), also known as: The Russian Private Opera (Русская Частная Опера); Moscow Private Russian Opera, (Московская Частная Русская Опера); Mamontov s Private Russian Opera in Moscow ( … Wikipedia
Aleksandr Serov — ALEKSANDR NIKOLÁYEVICH SEROV Александр Николаевич Серов Compositor Aleksndr Serov por Valentín Serov, 1887 1888 … Wikipedia Español
Alexander Serov — Alexander Nikolayevich Serov (Александр Николаевич Серов in Cyrillic; Aleksandr Nikolaevič Serov in transliteration) OldStyleDate|23 January|1820|11 January ndash;OldStyleDate|1 February|1871|20 January was a Russian composer and music critic. He … Wikipedia
Óperas — Anexo:Óperas Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Esta es una lista de más de 1.800 obras de unos 450 compositores de ópera. Se recogen las principales obras de los mejores compositores, así como de otros de importancia histórica relativa en el… … Wikipedia Español
Anexo:Óperas — Esta es una lista de más de 1.800 obras de unos 450 compositores de ópera. Se recogen las principales obras de los mejores compositores, así como de otros de importancia histórica relativa en el desarrollo de esta forma de arte. Muchas de las… … Wikipedia Español
Askold's Grave — Askold’s Grave (also: Askold s Tomb , Russian: Аскольдова могила – Askol’dova mogila) is an opera in 4 acts by Alexey Verstovsky (1799 1862) to a libretto by Mikhail Zagoskin (1789 1852). It was the most successful of Verstovsky s six operas, and … Wikipedia