Ciniod I of the Picts


Ciniod I of the Picts
Ciniod, Cináed or Cinadhon
King of the Picts
Reign 763–775
Predecessor Bridei
Successor Alpín
Father Uuredech or Feradach

Ciniod son of Uuredech (Old Irish: Cináed mac Feradaig; English: Kenneth son of Feradach) was king of the Picts.

It has been supposed that Ciniod's father was the Feradach son of Selbach mac Ferchair, king of Dál Riata, who was captured and put in chains by Óengus mac Fergusa in 736. His reign is omitted from some versions of the Pictish Chronicle king lists, but his death is noticed, and he is named as king of the Picts, by the Annals of Ulster, the Annales Cambriae and the Chronicle of Melrose. Gartnait son of Feredach is listed as a king of the Picts some time earlier, perhaps in the 720s and 730s, in those versions of the king lists which omit Ciniod.

In Ciniod's reign a battle in Fortriu, against the men of Dál Riata under Áed Find, is reported by the Annals of Ulster in 768. This is the first report of Dál Riata since around 741. The entry does not report the result of the battle. The Annals of the Four Masters, a less reliable source, give a different version, placing this battle in Leinster and naming the victor as Cináed mac Flainn of the Uí Failgi and his defeated enemy as one Áed.

Symeon of Durham reports that Alhred of Northumbria fled to Ciniod's court when he was deposed in 774.

Ciniod's death, as "Cinadhon, king of the Picts", is reported in several independent sources in 775.

While no sons of Ciniod are known, the death of "Eithne ingen Cinadhon", who would appear to be his daughter, is reported by the Annals of Ulster in 778.

References

  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286, volume 1. Reprinted with corrections. Paul Watkins, Stamford, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
  • Anderson, Alan Orr, Scottish Annals from English Chroniclers A.D. 500 to 1286. David Nutt, London, 1908.
  • Bannerman, John, "The Scottish Takeover of Pictland" in Dauvit Broun & Thomas Owen Clancy (eds.) Spes Scotorum: Hope of Scots. Saint Columba, Iona and Scotland. T & T Clark, Edinburgh, 1999. ISBN 0-567-08682-8

External links

  • CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts at University College Cork includes the Annals of Ulster, Tigernach, the Four Masters and Innisfallen, the Chronicon Scotorum, the Lebor Bretnach (which includes the Duan Albanach), Genealogies, and various Saints' Lives. Most are translated into English, or translations are in progress.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Bridei
King of the Picts
ca. 763–775
Succeeded by
Alpín II

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