Georgia Public Broadcasting


Georgia Public Broadcasting

Georgia Public Broadcasting (GPB) is the public radio and television broadcast network in the U.S. state of Georgia. It operates all of the PBS and NPR stations in Georgia, except WPBA TV, WABE FM and WCLK FM in Atlanta, WFSL FM in Thomasville (which relays WFSQ FM from FSU radio in Tallahassee, Florida), and WTJB FM in Columbus (which relays Troy University Public Radio from WTSU FM in Troy, Alabama).

GPB began in 1960 when the University of Georgia began WGTV, Georgia's second public television station (after WETV, now WPBA). From 1960 to 1964, in a separate initiative, the state Board of Education started up eight noncommercial educational stations across the state, aimed at in-school instruction. In 1965, the university and the board merged their efforts as Georgia Educational Television (GETV). It became Georgia Public Television (GPTV) in 1982, a year after the state legislature transferred authority for the stations to the Georgia Public Telecommunications Commission, the oversight board for GPB.

In 1984, the Commission entered public radio for the first time, starting stations in Macon and Columbus. These formed the nuclei of Peach State Public Radio, renamed Georgia Public Radio in 2001.

During the 1980s and 1990s, stations that had been operated by other educational institutions and community groups became affiliated with the network.

On January 1 2004, the two networks officially became known as Georgia Public Broadcasting, which had been the official corporate name since 1995. The name now serves as an umbrella title for all GPB operations. Its headquarters and primary production facility is on Fourteenth Street in Midtown Atlanta, just west of the Downtown Connector.

GPB Radio

GPB Radio broadcasts 24 hours per day on several FM stations across the state, except in Atlanta. The network had a translator station in Atlanta (callsign W264AE) on 100.7 FM with a tower located downtown. However, it was forced to go silent when a full-power station WWWQ (now WNNX) FM 100.5 was moved-in on an adjacent channel from Anniston, Alabama (where it was WHMA-FM).

Still, GPB Radio can still be heard on the second audio program (SAP) of GPB TV at most times. It reaches nearly all of Georgia plus parts of Alabama, Florida, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Some stations have some locally-produced programming.

GPB Radio stations in southern and southeastern Georgia also relay hurricane evacuation information for listeners approaching or leaving Georgia's Atlantic coast or the Florida panhandle. Signs along Interstate and other major highways in the region direct the evacuee to the nearest GPB Radio station carrying the emergency information.

Radio stations

* WJSP-FM 88.1 Warm Springs/Columbus (flagship station)--signal reaches all of west central Georgia, the southwestern part of metropolitan Atlanta, and portions of east central Alabama, traveling in a 55-mile radius.
* WMUM-FM 89.7 Cochran/Macon--signal reaches all of the geographical center of the state, traveling in a 60-mile radius.
* WSVH FM 91.1 Savannah--signal reaches the upper part of the Georgia Atlantic Coast, traveling in a 60-mile radius.
** WWIO-FM 88.9 Brunswick--signal reaches the lower part of the Georgia Atlantic Coast, traveling in a 40-mile radius. Relays WSVH.
** WWIO AM 1190 St. Marys--daytime signal reaches the lower part of the Georgia Atlantic Coast, south towards Jacksonville. Relays WSVH.
* WUGA FM 91.7 Athens--signal travels in a 35-mile radius around Athens in northeastern Georgia. Also operates a translator on 97.9 in Athens for unknown reasons.
* WACG-FM 90.7 Augusta--signal reaches a good portion of east central Georgia and west central South Carolina.
* WUNV FM 91.7 Albany--signal travels in a 40-mile radius around Albany in southwestern Georgia.
* WWET FM 91.7 Valdosta--signal travels in a 20-mile radius, serving Brooks, Lanier and Echols counties in extreme southern Georgia.
* WUWG FM 90.7 Carrollton--signal travels in a 20-mile radius, serving Carroll and Haralson counties in western Georgia.
* WPPR FM 88.3 Demorest--signal travels in a 30-mile radius, serving several counties in northeastern Georgia. This station is located on the campus of Piedmont College.
* WNGU FM 89.5 Dahlonega--signal travels in a 30-mile radius, serving several counties in north central Georgia.
* WJWV FM 90.9 Fort Gaines--signal travels in a 40-mile radius, serving the Chattahoochee Valley region of southwestern Georgia and southeastern Alabama.
* WGPB FM 97.7 Rome--signal travels in about a 35-mile radius, serving the area immediately northwestward of the Atlanta metropolitan area. This is a Georgia Public Broadcasting radio station in the commercial portion of the FM band.
* WNGH-FM 98.9 Chatsworth--signal travels in about a 40-mile radius, serving Dalton and the area immediately northwestward of the Atlanta metropolitan area. This is a Georgia Public Broadcasting radio station in the commercial portion of the FM band. It is also the newest GPB radio station, which switched to the GPB network on January 2, 2008.
* WABR FM 91.1 Tifton--signal travels in a 40-mile radius around Tifton in south central Georgia.
* WXVS-FM 90.1 Waycross--signal travels in a 50-mile radius around Waycross in southeastern Georgia.

In addition to the immediate territory around the city of Atlanta, the southwestern part of the state, particularly in the areas of Thomasville, Bainbridge and Pelham, does not receive GPB Radio service. This region instead receives public radio service from WFSU-FM in Tallahassee, Florida; and WFSL FM in Thomasville, which repeats WFSU's sister station, WFSQ.

GPB Television

GPB Television broadcasts PBS and GPB programming 24 hours per day on nine GPTC-owned stations across the state, plus numerous low-power LPTV broadcast translator stations (especially in the state's mountainous northeastern counties). The Descriptive Video Service can be heard on the SAP channel when the current program offers it, and GPB Radio can be heard when it does not. It reaches nearly all of Georgia, plus parts of Alabama, Florida, South Carolina and Tennessee. All stations are rebroadcasters, simulcasting at all times. GPB-produced programming includes "Gardening in Georgia", "Georgia Backroads", "Georgia's Business", "Georgia Outdoors", "Georgia Traveler", and many more, such as annual coverage of the Georgia General Assembly when it is in legislative session early in the year.

GPB Knowledge is a digital subchannel, operating since September 2008 but officially launched on October 1st.

Television stations

Each of GPB's television stations identifies itself with two locations -- usually, the smaller community where the station is licensed by the FCC (almost always the transmitter location) and the larger city it serves. The exceptions are WVAN and WJSP, which are actually licensed in major Georgia cities: WVAN is licensed to Savannah, while WJSP is licensed to Columbus. However, in order to conform to the pattern, GPB lists the locations for the stations' transmitters as the second city.

This rule only applies to the television stations, not to those on radio, which, except for two, bear only the location of the transmitter.

As of 2008, the GPB television stations are:

;Footnotes1 WACS-TV has been off the air since March 1, 2007, due to a tower collapse caused by a tornado.
2 At the time of its sign-on in 1968, WMUM-TV was known as WDCO-TV and broadcasted on channel 15. WDCO-TV moved to channel 29 in 1990, and changed to its current call letters in 2006.
3 At the time of its sign-on in 1967, WNGH-TV was known as WCLP-TV, which changed to its current call letters in 2008.

Digital television

WGTV, WXGA-TV, and WVAN-TV were the first GPB stations to commence digital television operations. The other six stations began digital broadcasting in July 2008. The ERP/HAAT figures listed within the table for those stations are based on those listed in the stations' individual Wikipedia articles. Some of these are operating at low power, and will only go full-power when analog shutdown occurs. This includes WGTV TV 8 (DTV 12), which currently serves only the nearby eastern part of metro Atlanta.

Currently, GPB broadcasts two networks on three channels on each station:

Post-analog shutdown

After the analog television shutdown and digital conversion, which is scheduled by law to take place on February 17, 2009: http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-06-1082A2.pdf]
* WGTV, WXGA-TV, and WVAN-TV will return to their respective channels (8, 8, and 9); [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231184&formid=387&fac_num=23948 CDBS Print ] ] [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231191&formid=387&fac_num=23929 CDBS Print ] ] [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231189&formid=387&fac_num=23947 CDBS Print ] ]
* WABW-TV and WCES-TV will each use channel 6 for their digital broadcasts; [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231176&formid=387&fac_num=23917 CDBS Print ] ] [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231181&formid=387&fac_num=23937 CDBS Print ] ]
* WACS-TV, WNGH-TV, WJSP-TV, and WMUM-TV will remain on their respective, pre-transition channel numbers (8, 33, 23, and 7). [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231178&formid=387&fac_num=23930 CDBS Print ] ] [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231182&formid=387&fac_num=23942 CDBS Print ] ] [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231187&formid=387&fac_num=23918 CDBS Print ] ] [http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/cdbsmenu.hts?context=25&appn=101231188&formid=387&fac_num=23935 CDBS Print ] ]

Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers will display virtual channels for each GPB station corresponding to their present analog channel numbers.

Broadcast translators

Several low-power broadcast translator stations are or were found in the hilly and mountainous terrain of the north Georgia mountains. These include:
*Carrollton, channel 49 -- signal reaches parts of Carroll County in northern west-central Georgia, and has a digital permit.
*Hiawassee, channel 50 -- signal reaches parts of Towns and Rabun counties in northeastern Georgia.
*Toccoa, channel 68 -- signal reaches parts of Stephens and Habersham counties in northeastern Georgia.
*Young Harris, channel 4 -- signal reaches parts of Towns and Union counties in northeastern Georgia.

Former translators

The following translators were abandoned by GPB, which had their licenses (and in some cases digital applications and permits) cancelled by the FCC, possibly due to the expense of running and upgrading them.

*Carnesville, channel 52 -- signal reached parts of Franklin County in northeastern Georgia.
*Cedartown, channel 65 -- signal reached parts of Polk and Floyd counties in northwestern Georgia.
*Draketown, channel 27 -- signal reached parts of Haralson and Paulding counties in northwestern Georgia.
*Elberton, channel 60 -- signal reached parts of Elbert County in northeastern Georgia.
*Flintstone, channel 51 -- signal reached parts of Walker, Dade, and Catoosa Counties in Northwestern Georgia, as well as parts of Hamilton County and Chattanooga, Tennessee.
*Hartwell, channel 22 -- signal reached parts of Hart County in northeastern Georgia.
*LaFayette, channel 35 -- signal reached parts of Walker and Dade counties in northwestern Georgia.

GPB Education

GPB Education (formerly known as Peachstar) serves state agencies and the Georgia learning community through the use of telecommunications technology. GPB delivers high-quality educational programming that reflects state standards to Georgia classrooms using the GPB satellite network, open-air television, and the GPB video streaming portal. GPB provides professional development to Georgia educators through face-to-face trainings, satellite-delivered programs, and interactive webcasts. GPB also meets the training needs of state agencies through its video production, satellite broadcast, and interactive webcasting services, as well as through its extensive digital library.

References

External links

* [http://www.gpb.org Georgia Public Broadcasting website]

*FMQ|WJSP-FM
*FMQ|WACG-FM
*FMQ|WUNV-FM
*FMQ|WWET-FM
*FMQ|WPPR-FM
*FMQ|WNGU-FM
*FMQ|WJWV-FM
*FMQ|WABR-FM
*FMQ|WXVS-FM


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