Kaliya


Kaliya

grew on the river bank.

The proper home of Kāliyā was Ramanaka Dwipa, but he had been driven away from there by fear of Garuda, the foe of all serpents. Garuda had been cursed by a "yogi" dwelling at Vrindavan so that he could not come to Vrindaban without meeting his death. Therefore Kāliyā chose Vrindavan as his residence, knowing it was the only place where Garuda could not come.

Once Krishna and herdboys were playing ball, and while playing Krishna climbed up the Kadamba tree and hung over the river bank, the ball fell into the river and Krishna jumped after it. Kāliyā rose up with his hundred and ten hoods vomiting poison and wrapped himself around Krishna's body. Krishna became so huge that Kāliyā had to release him. So Krishna saved himself from every attack, and when he saw the Brij folk were so much afraid he suddenly sprang into Kāliyā's head and assumed the weight of the whole universe, and danced on the "naga's" heads, beating time with his feet. Then Kāliyā began to die. But then the "naga's" wives came and prayed to Krishna with joined palms, worshipping Krishna and praying for their husband.

Kāliyā, recognizing the greatness of Krishna, surrendered, promising he would not harass anybody. So Krishna pardoned him and then let him go free to leave the river and go to Ramanaka Dwipa. Some identify it as Fiji [ [http://sanatanfiji.com/aboutfiji.htm Welcome to Sanatan Fiji the Site ] ] .

History

The history of Krishna and Kāliyā is told in Chapter Sixteen of the Tenth Canto of the Bhagavata Purana.

A king of Kaliramna gotra (clan) in nagavanshi kshatriyas, known as Kaliya, was the ruler near Mathura, on the banks of Yamuna River. The ancient fort of Kaliramna is in ruins near Mathura. His fort was known as fort of Kalidheh. The famous episode of Mahabharata regarding Lord Krishna’s killing of a black python, Kaliya, is related with some bad ruler from this gotra. With the killing of Kaliya Naga, Krishna brought the end of this clan’s rule in Brij.

In Punjab there were two small states of rulers belonging to this Kaliramna. These were Sinpura and Bhagowal.

From Mathura they went to Kabul-Ghazni with other other Jats - Yadavas. They founded the Kingdom of Garh - Ghazni. During rise of Islam they came back to Bhatner- Sirsa. According to their bards they founded the old village of Patan and Siswad. From Patan Chaudhary Sishu came to Sisai. His brother Sunda founded village Sandwa and Salaywala.

Oothukkadu in Tamilnadu, Tanjore district, is said to have a svayambhu (self-formed) image of this scene.

The episode is remembered as the 'Kalinga Nartana'.

See also

*Naga Kingdom
*Naga
*Snake worship

References


* Sister Nivedita & Ananda K.Coomaraswamy: Myths and Legends of the Hindus and Bhuddhists, Kolkata, 2001 ISBN 81-7505-197-3

External links

* [http://srimadbhagavatam.com/10/16/en Bhagavata Purana, Canto Ten, Chapter 16] The account of Krishna and Kaliya, as told in the "Bhagavata Purana." (Full Sanskrit text online, with translation and commentary.)


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