1990-1995 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons

The 1990-1995 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year-round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1990 and 1995. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid-February to early March.

Southern Hemisphere Cyclone Seasons
1980-85 1985-90 1990-95 1995-96 1996-97

1990–91 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Tropical Cyclone Joy

Beginning December 24, 1990, the outer bands of Cyclone Joy brought happieness and fun to Queensland, Australia. The storm killed 5 people and caused extensive flooding. Joy reached Category 4 intensity off the coast of Cairns on the 24th of December 1990, before crossing the coast to the North of Townsville, on the 26th of December 1990 [http://www.ema.gov.au/ema/emadisasters.nsf/54273a46a9c753b3ca256d0900180220/fcf428cce63838c0ca256d3300058046] The remnants of Joy created a convergence zone along the central Queensland coast, with many locations around the Mackay region recording over 2000mm of rain during the following week.

Tropical Cyclone Fifi

A severe cyclone, Fifi struck Western Australia in mid April,1991. The storm killed 27 people and left 100,000 homes without power. [http://www.ema.gov.au/ema/emadisasters.nsf/6a1bf6b4b60f6f05ca256d1200179a5b/c44c9303a84c78beca256d3300057bfc]

Tropical Cyclone Errol

Cyclone Errol formed on March 25, 1991 and never hit land. The storm was responsible for a sinking of an Indonesian fishing boat. [http://www.ema.gov.au/ema/emadisasters.nsf/54273a46a9c753b3ca256d0900180220/fd3185292a8a58a0ca256d33000581a4]

Angola Tropical Cyclone of 1991

A possible tropical storm formed in the South Atlantic on April 10, 1991. The tropical storm moved southwestward and dissipated on the 15th.

Other storms

The following tropical cyclones also occurred within the 1990-1991 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season: [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1991atcr/pdf/chapter4.pdf]
*Sina, 24 to 29 November 1990, Pacific Ocean
*Laurence, 15 to 16 December 1990, Timor Sea
*Alison, 12 to 18 January 1991, Indian Ocean
*Bella, 20 January to 4 February, Category 5 in the Indian Ocean
*Chris, 16 to 23 February 1991, off Western Australia
*Cynthia, 16 to 17 February 1991, near Madagascar
*Daphne, 15 to 27 February 1991, Pacific Ocean, then crossed Australia to Indian Ocean
*Debra, 24 February to 4 March 1991, near Madagascar
*Kelvin, 25 February to 6 March 1991, Pacific Ocean
*Elma, 27 February to 3 March 1991, Indian Ocean
*Fatima, 22 March to 1 April 1991, Indian Ocean
*Marian, 10 to 19 April 1991, off Western Australia
*Lisa, 7 to 12 May 1991, Pacific Ocean
*Gritelle, 8 to 12 June 1991, Indian Ocean

1991–92 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Tropical Cyclone Val

Cyclone Val was a Category 5 cyclone that hit Samoa in December 1991. It formed on December 5 and dissipated on December 13 in the Pacific Ocean. The cyclone raged for approximately four days and severely stripped 90% of the island, causing 13 deaths and destroying about half of the island's coconut trees, resulting in a tremendous blow to the country's economy.

Tropical Cyclone Fran

While out at sea, Fran reached the powerful Category 5 equivalent on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. Eventually, as a Category 2 system, Fran crossed the coast near 1770, Queensland on March 16, 1992. Having crossed the coast a first time, Fran turned to the south-east and crossed the coast again, at Fraser Island, before heading back out to sea. The cyclone damaged houses in Bundaberg and extensively damaged a marina complex at Burnett Heads. The Kolan and Burnett rivers suffered major flooding. No deaths were attributed to this cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone Ian

A Category 4 stuck Western Australia in March of 1992 causing minimal damage. [http://archive.greenpeace.org/climate/database/records/zgpz0001.html]

Tropical Cyclone Neville

Struck Tiwi Islands in April,1992 leaving only minor damage. [http://www.ema.gov.au/ema/emadisasters.nsf/0/ee3a4a5995bea718ca256d3300058019]

Other tropical cyclones

The following tropical cyclones also occurred within the 1991-1992 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season: [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1992atcr/pdf/chapter4.pdf]
*Tia, 15 to 21 November 1991, Pacific Ocean
*Graham, 2 to 10 December 1991, Indian Ocean
*Wasa, 5 to 13 December 1991, Pacific Ocean
*Arthur, 15 to 17 December 1991, Pacific Ocean
*Alexandra, 20 to 25 December 1991, Indian Ocean
*Bryna, 30 December 1991 to 2 January 1992, crossed Madagascar
*Betsy, 6 to 15 January 1992, Pacific Ocean
*Mark, 8 to 10 January 1992, Gulf of Carpentaria
*Cliff, 6 to 9 February 1992, Pacific Ocean
*Celesta, 11 to 13 February 1992, Indian Ocean
*Daman, 14 to 19 February 1992, Pacific Ocean
*Davilia, 23 to 24 February 1992, Indian Ocean
*Harriet, 26 February to 8 March 1992, Indian Ocean
*Esau, 26 February to 6 March 1992, Category 5 in Pacific Ocean
*Farida, 26 February to 3 March 1992, Indian Ocean
*Gerda, 27 to 28 February, Indian Ocean
*Gene, 15 to 19 March 1992, Pacific Ocean
*Hettie, 25 to 29 March 1992, Pacific Ocean
*Jane/Irna, 8 to 18 April 1992, Indian Ocean
*Innis, 28 April to 2 May 1992, Pacific Ocean

1992–93 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Tropical Cyclone Nina

Nina formed on December 23,1992, the storm reached Category 1 status before making landfall in northern Queensland, then Nina moved eastward, reaching category 3 status before becoming extratropical on January 2,1993. [http://australiasevereweather.com/cyclones/1993/bom/nina.gif]

Tropical Cyclone Adel

Adel lasted from 13 May to 16 May 1993 during its life. It passed over Bougainville Island and near Goodenough Island, leaving two drowned and a total of at least 15 missing. Leaves were blown from trees, and 345 houses were destroyed, along with a radio tower that was bent over. [http://australiasevereweather.com/cyclones/2002/summ0112.htm]

Other tropical cyclones

The following tropical cyclones also occurred within the 1992-1993 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season: [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1993atcr/pdf/chapter4.pdf]
*Aviona, 27 September to 1 October 1992, Indian Ocean
*Babie, 18 to 21 October 1992, Indian Ocean
*Joni, 6 to 12 December 1992, Pacific Ocean
*Ken, 19 to 23 December 1992, Indian Ocean
*Kina, 26 December 1992 to 4 January 1993, Pacific Ocean
*Colina, 14 to 21 January 1993, Indian Ocean
*Dessilia, 20 to 21 January 1993, crossed Madagascar
*Edwina, 20 to 29 January 1993, Indian Ocean
*Lena, 24 to 29 January 1993, off Western Australia
*Lin, 31 January to 4 February 1993, Pacific Ocean
*Oliver, 4 to 12 February 1993, off Queensland
*Mick, 5 to 9 February 1993, Pacific Ocean
*Nisha, 12 to 16 February 1993, Pacific Ocean
*Finella, 13 to 15 February 1993, near Madagascar
*Oli, 16 to 18 February 1993, Pacific Ocean
*Polly, 25 February to 3 March 1993, Pacific Ocean
*Roger, 12 to 18 March 1993, Pacific Ocean
*Prema, 27 March to 1 April 1993, Pacific Ocean
*Jourdanne, 3 to 9 April 1993, Indian Ocean
*Monty, 10 to 12 April 1993, near Western Australia
*Konita, 2 to 7 May 1993, Indian Ocean

1993–94 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Tropical Cyclone Naomi

Naomi was the first cyclone of the 1993/94 season. Forming early on December 16, 1993, the storm moved south and strengthened into a category 3 before making landfall. There was moderate damage and a fishing boat was disabled during the storm. There were no deaths. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199394.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Oscar

Cyclone Oscar was a weak system, and only barely reached cyclone strength on 3 January 1994 for about a 12 hour period. It moved on a generally westsouthwest course parallel to the Kimberley and Pilbara coasts. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199394.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Pearl

Tropical Cyclone Pearl developed off the northwest Kimberley coast on 11 January 1994 and moved westwards as a very small but severe category 3 cyclone covering a distance of more than 4000km, before finally dissipating in the Central Indian Ocean on the 22nd. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199394.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Quenton

Tropical Cyclone Quenton began as a tropical low to the east of Christmas Island on 23 January 1994. The low moved slowly west, then on 25 January intensified to cyclone strength and moved southward across the Indian Ocean. By early on the 27th the cyclone had dissipated. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199394.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Sharon

Tropical Cyclone Sharon was the most intense cyclone in the Western Australian region during the 1993/94 season. It formed about 1100 km north of Northwest Cape on 13 March 1994, then rapidly intensified during the 14th while moving on a southsouthwest path towards the west Pilbara coast. During the 16th the cyclone rapidly weakened due to movement into a region of strong westerly wind shear. Cyclone warnings were issued for the west Pilbara and upper west coast on the 16th but were cancelled on the morning of the 17th Continued shearing and subsequent movement over cooler waters weakened the storm to below cyclone strength by the morning of the 18th. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199394.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Tim

Tropical Cyclone Tim was a very small weak system that moved on a generally westward path from south of Sumatra to the Cocos Islands from 30 March to 1 April 1994. It passed about 100 km to the south of Christmas Island but its effects, other than a wind shift, were barely recognisable on the Island. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199394.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Vivienne

Tropical Cyclone Vivienne formed from a tropical low that had moved westward across the Timor Sea. It intensified rapidly during the afternoon and night of 7 April 1994, reaching maximum intensity on 8 April when it was located 550 km to the northnorthwest of Broome. Its development from here on was hampered by vertical wind shear and Vivienne moved on a generally westsouthwest path parallel to, but well offshore from, the Western Australian coastline. It dissipated on 11 April and no watches or warnings were issued. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199394.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Willy

Willy was a Category 1 cyclone lasting from 28 to 30 April 1994 that passed about 80 km west of the Cocos Islands. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199394.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Rewa

Cyclone Rewa formed on December 26, 1993. It looped around the Coral Sea for almost a month, crossed New Caledonia and the Solomon Island, and dissipated on January 21. Rewa was the longest-lived South Pacific tropical cyclone on record, lasting 25 days, from December 26 to January 21.

Intense Tropical Cyclone Geralda

Infobox Hurricane Small
Basin=SWI



Track=Geralda 1994 track.pngFormed=January 26
Dissipated=February 5
10-min winds=110
1-min winds=145
Pressure=905
Part of a spree of four powerful cyclones to impact Madagascar this year, Geralda killed 200 people and left half a million homeless as it made landfall on the island in early February.

Tropical Cyclone Hollanda

Named shortly after Geralda was dissipating, Hollanda, a category 4 cyclone was the most devastating tropical cyclone to have hit the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean since tropical cyclone Gervaise in 1975.

Tropical Cyclone Nadia

The last of the spree of devastating Madagascar cyclones, Nadia made landfall in Madagascar in late March. After crossing the northern tip of the island, Nadia impacted Mozambique before returning to the Mozambique channel and finally dissipating. Nadia killed dozens in Madagascar. It claimed around 200 more lives in Mozambique and left over one million people homeless.

Other tropical cyclones

The following tropical cyclones also occurred within the 1993-1994 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season:
*Alexina
*Bettina
*Cecilia
*Daisy
*Edmea
*Farah
*Ivy
*Julita
*Kelvina
*Litanne
*Mariola
*Odille

1994–95 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Tropical Cyclone Annette

Annette formed on December 15, 1994. The storm moved southeastward while intensifying to a category 4 cyclone. Annette made landfall at Mandora Station on December 18. There was considerable damage to homes and crops and about a 1,000 cattle were lost in the storm. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199495.shtml]

Tropical Cyclone Bobby

Another severe cyclone, Bobby struck the Western Australia coast between February 23 and February 24,1995. The storm struck the small town of Onslow where more than 400 mm of rain fell in the area. The monthly rainfall total at Onslow in February was 544.6 mm, the highest monthly total ever recorded in the town. There was some damage on land mainly due to flooding. The worst effects however, were felt at sea where seven lives were lost as two fishing trawlers sank, and a bulk ore carrier ran aground. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199495.shtml] [http://www.ag.gov.au/agd/EMA/emaSchools.nsf/Page/Categories_Categories_-_Cyclones_Studies_Cyclone_Case_Studies]

Tropical Cyclone Chloe

The third major cyclone to strike Australia. Cyclone Chloe reached category 5 status before making landfall in the uninhabited section of the coast of the Kimberley region of Western Australia on April 7, 1995. The storm dissipated well inland. [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199495.shtml]

Other tropical cyclones

The following tropical cyclones also occurred within the 1994-1995 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season: [https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1995atcr/pdf/chapter4.pdf]
*Vania, 13 to 17 November 1994, Pacific Ocean
*Albertine, 24 November to 1 December 1994, Indian Ocean
*William, 31 December 1994 to 3 January 1995, Pacific Ocean
*Bentha, 3 to 6 January 1995, Indian Ocean
*Christelle, 6 to 9 January 1995, Indian Ocean
*Dorina, 20 to 29 January 1995, Indian Ocean
*Fodah, 24 to 26 January 1995, Indian Ocean near Africa
*Gail, 5 to 11 February 1995, Indian Ocean
*Heida, 5 to 7 February 1995, Indian Ocean
*Ingrid, 24 February to 1 March 1995, Indian Ocean
*Violet, 3 to 7 March 1995, Category 5 in Pacific Ocean
*Warren, 5 to 6 March 1995, Gulf of Carpentaria
*Josta, 7 to 12 March 1995, Indian Ocean near Africa
*Kylie, 7 to 14 March 1995, Indian Ocean
*Marlene, 30 March to 10 April 1995, Indian Ocean
*Agnes, 17 to 22 April 1995, Category 3 near Cape York, Queensland

ee also

*Tropical cyclone
*List of Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons

External links

* [http://www.bom.gov.au/weather/wa/cyclone/about/seasonsummary199495.shtml 1994-95 Cyclone season (Australia)]
* [http://www.samoa.co.uk/climate.html Cyclones in Samoa]


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