Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport


Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
छ्त्रपती शिवाजी आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ
Chhatrapati Shivaji Airport Logo.svg
Bombay.jpg
IATA: BOMICAO: VABB
BOM is located in India
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BOM
Location of airport in India
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner GVK, Airports Authority of India
Operator Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL)
Serves Mumbai
Location Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 37 ft / 11 m
Website www.csia.in
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 2,925 9,596 Asphalt
09/27 3,445 11,302 Asphalt
Statistics (2010-2011)
Passengers 29,100,000
Cargo (tons) 670,235
Source: DAFIF[1][2]
Statistics from CSIA airport[3]

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (Marathi: छ्त्रपती शिवाजी आंतरराष्ट्रीय विमानतळ) (IATA: BOMICAO: VABB), formerly Sahar International Airport, is the primary international airport in Mumbai, India, and is South Asia's second busiest airport in term of passenger traffic.[4][5]

The airport, with its five operating terminals, spreads over an operational area of 1,450 acres (5.9 km2), is India's and South Asia's largest and most important airline hub, and handled more than 29.1 million passengers and 670,235 tonnes of cargo in 2010-2011.[6][7] It, along with Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport, handles more than half of the air traffic in South Asia.[8][9][10] For the period of Apr–Nov 2010, it was the busiest airport in the country in terms of international passenger traffic and the second busiest in terms of overall passenger traffic.[11] In 2010, the airport was ranked the 30th busiest airport in the world in terms of cargo handled with 671,238 tonnes handled. Formerly called Sahar (international) Airport and Santa Cruz (domestic) Airport, the two airports were merged and renamed after the 17th century Maratha Emperor, Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosle, to Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport. In February 2006, Mumbai International Airport Limited, a consortium of GVK Industries Ltd, Airports Company South Africa, and Bidvest,[12] was appointed to carry out the modernisation of Mumbai Airport.

Contents

History

The Juhu Aerodrome functioned as Mumbai's sole airport until 1942 when, due to operational constraints imposed by its low-level location and proximity to the Arabian Sea coastline making it vulnerable during the monsoon season, a move further inland became necessary.

In 1942 a bigger airfield was set up at Santa Cruz, which was also home to several RAF Squadrons from 1942 to 1947 during World War 2. [13] The apron existed on the south side of runway 09/27, and the area, referred to today as the "Old Airport", houses, among others, maintenance hangars of Air India, Air Works India and MIAL's General Aviation Terminal. In its first year, it handled six civilian services a day. Traffic at the airport increased after Karachi was partitioned to Pakistan and as many as 40 daily internal and foreign services operated by 1949. [14]

In 1946 the RAF began the process of handing over the airfield to the civil aviation authorities in India. [15]

By June 1948, a new terminal building and apron had been constructed across the runway 09/27, which was used by Air India for its maiden international flight to London.[16] Named after the neighbourhood in which it stood and initially under the aegis of the Public Works Department, the new airport was subsequently run by the Ministry of Civil Aviation. It's name remained Santa Cruz Airport until the new international terminal at nearby Sahar became operational in 1981.[17] After a major fire gutted the Santa Cruz terminal in 1979, a temporary departure extension or "Gulf Terminal" became functional in October that year. Prior to the fire, plans were already underway by the mid-1970s to construct a new international terminal since Santa Cruz, despite several extensions, had insufficent operational capacity. Even today, the domestic terminals 1-A and 1-B are still commonly referred to as Santa Cruz. Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL), a consortium of GVK Industries Limited (GVK) and Airports Company South Africa (ACSA), was appointed to carry out the modernisation of Mumbai Airport in February 2006.[18]

According to a report submitted by GVK to the Ministry of Civil Aviation, the airport's total operating area covers 936 acres (3.79 km2) of which actual encroached land is 262 acres (1.06 km2) against a government estimate of 147 acres (0.59 km2). Land subject to legal proceedings covers an area of 34 acres (140,000 m2).

"BOM" , the Airport's IATA code is derived from Bombay, Mumbai's former name.

Structure

An artist's impression of Terminal 2
Domestic Departures
New Terminal 1C

The airport consists of two main terminals: Terminal 1 (Santa Cruz) for domestic flights and Terminal 2 (Sahar) for international flights. These terminals use the same airside facilities but are physically separated on the landside, requiring a 15–20 minute (airside) drive between them. The operating agency of the airport (MIAL) operates coach shuttle services between the domestic and international terminals for transit passengers. Terminal 1 is further divided into Terminal 1-A (which opened in April 1992, and serves Air India and Kingfisher Airlines), Terminal 1-B, the original Santa Cruz building used for international and domestic operations (refurbished since 1998, and serves JetLite, SpiceJet, GoAir, IndiGo Airlines, and other private domestic low cost carriers) and Terminal 1-C (which opened in April 2010, is a boarding-only facility used by all airlines). Terminal 2, designed by Aéroports de Paris and opened in January 1981, was structurally divided as 2-A, 2-B, and 2-C. The original complex, 2-A, consisting of parking bays 41–46, namely, gates 3 to 8, were the first aerobridges installed in the subcontinent and served most international carriers airlines whereas 2-C, inaugurated in October 1999, was, originally, exclusively for Air India, Air-India Express, and those carriers whose ground operations were handled by Air India. Terminal 2-B functioned between September 1986 and October 1999 for Air India and handled airlines, before being decommisisoned when 2-C opened. Terminal 2-B, now extensively refurbished is operational following the demolition of 2-A.

Mumbai has two intersecting runways designated 09/27 and 14/32. Runway 14/32, 2,925 metres (9,596 ft),[1] runs between terminals 1 and 2, while the main runway 09/27 is 3,445 m (11,302 ft)[1] (previously designated as 3,489 m (11,447 ft)) intersects it south of the terminal buildings. Instrument landing system (ILS) approaches are available on all runways, with runway 27 having CAT2 capabilities. The ILS on 27 starts at 3,700 ft (1,100 m) and is 10.5 nautical miles (19.4 km) long with a glide slope path of 3.3°. With regard to (truncated) use of both runways, only 11,303 ft (3,445 m) is designated usable at 09/27 and 9,596 ft (2,925 m) at 14/32, especially for landings. Runway 14 approach requires aircraft to backtrack and exit upon landing as the turning pad at 32 end is unusable. Due to maintenance runway 09/27 is unavailable for operations between 0715–0915Z on Mondays and Saturdays, and between 0715–0845Z on Wednesdays. A parallel taxiway has been installed on runway 14/32 for aircraft landing and taxing which saves time as well as runway occupancy.Meanwhile the lengths of both the runways are being extended.

From 1 January 2006, both runways were operated simultaneously for three hours in the morning from 0530 to 0830. On average, about 50 flights of smaller aircraft have taken off daily from 14/32 in this time period. Since the experiment was deemed successful it has recently been decided to carry out simultaneous use in the evenings too. It is not clear if this will be for two hours or three hours. A rate of 25 departures per hour is being targeted in the evening slot. The problems with utilising 14/32 are: (i) Mumbai's controversial new control tower erected in 1996 and some 72 m (236 ft) tall penetrates transitional obstacle limitation surfaces by over 50 m (160 ft) for instrument approaches, and in excess of 40 m (130 ft) for visuals. Approach minima at both 14 and 32 ends are higher (based on best approach aid) and are as follows: runway 14 (DA 580 ft (180 m)), runway 32 (MDA 1,440 ft (440 m)) compared to runway 09 (DA 270 ft (82 m)) or runway 27 (DA 230 ft (70 m)), meaning that there is a higher probability of missed approaches and diversions in inclement weather (ii) a hillock, Trombay Hill, lies 4.5 nmi (8.3 km) away from the 32 end, an approach also questioned recently by security agencies because the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) nuclear complex at Trombay (Anushakti Nagar) lies within its flight path.

L&T ECCD have been awarded the contract to expand Terminal 1 and to construct a new international terminal. The brand new International Terminal T2 is being designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM). Design Cell, a reputed firm based in Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore and New York has been appointed as Landscape Architects for the cityside open spaces at the departure and arrival level.

Expansion

Newly renovated International Arrivals at Terminal 2
Domestic Arrivals Terminal 1B
Domestic Arrivals

Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL), a consortium of GVK Industries Limited (GVK) and Airports Company South Africa (ACSA), was appointed to carry out the modernisation of Mumbai Airport in February 2006. MIAL improved areas of passenger convenience like curbside, terminal entrances, and improved cleanliness. Human resources initiatives were taken such as employee communication and training. Some of the changes that have taken place at CSIA in the recent past include: aesthetic changes, additional check-in counters, refurbished toilets, improved signage, additional food and beverage outlets, better curbside, and management leading to a smoother traffic flow. The Airport's expansion plans have been repeatedly thwarted by slums encroaching onto the airport area.[19]

The graphic design and ambientation of the airport has mainly been created by Argentinan design studio Steinbranding. Landscape improvements were designed by Design Cell, a firm specialising in landscape architecture.

Master plan

Upgraded signage

In October 2006, MIAL unveiled the master plan[20] for CSIA, which has been designed to expand and upgrade the infrastructure to cater for 40 million passengers per year and one million metric tonnes of cargo per year by 2010.[21] The separate international and domestic terminals will be merged into one terminal building at the current international building and the current domestic terminal will be converted to a dedicated cargo terminal. MIAL has also incorporated a parallel runway as part of the master plan but there are some obstructions to this part of the which includes land acquisition and rehabilitation of slums as well as relocation of a number of airport facilities.[22]

The implementation will be undertaken in two stages:

  • The Interim Phase is the implementation of several immediate measures. These were completed in 2008 and include:
    • Refurbishment and construction at Terminal 2
    • Revamp of Terminal 1A to upgrade and expand facilities such as check-in counters and boarding bridges
    • Setting-up of temporary cargo facilities to add capacity
    • Upgrading of the airside runway facilities such as rapid exit taxiways to increase runway capacity to cater to traffic growth
    • Enhancing city-side facilities such as multi-level car parks
  • Phase One (to be completed by 2011) includes:
    • Creation of a brand new terminal building (T2) at Sahar catering to both international and domestic operations
    • Construction of a dedicated link from the Western Express Highway to T2 at Sahar
    • Enhancement of the airside facilities by shifting the air traffic control tower and construction of a parallel taxiway
    • Development of infrastructure on the city-side
    • Building new cargo facilities
    • Construction of Terminal 1C

Revamped CSIA

Key facilities at the revamped CSIA[23]
Facilities Proposed Existing
Parking stands for aircraft 106 92
Boarding bridges 52 22
Check-in counters 188 182
Car parking 5,000 2,250

New taxiways have been developed to reduce the runway occupancy time by aircraft after landing. MIAL is undertaking the installation of a centralised data system which will provide information about domestic as well as international flights to all display devices at both terminals instead of just one or the other as at present. There are plans to extend the scope of the system to the air traffic control (ATC) and apron control areas, the airport website and even to leading hotel chains. A centralised call centre to provide flight details is also envisaged. While a parallel runway has apparently been ruled out by the AAI and Civil Aviation Ministry, at least for the time being, the ATC tower is now expected to be taken down and relocated to facilitate cross-runway operation.

A Wi-Fi service is available free of charge throughout the airport.[24]

Project facts

  • Cost: INR9,800 crore (US$1.99 billion)
  • Airport area: 800 hectares [25]
  • Completion Year: 2014
  • Project Area: 4,843,759 ft (1,476,378 m)
  • Building Height: 45 m
  • Number of Storeys: 4

Parallel runway

A second parallel runway is one of the options being considered to meet objections raised by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests against the proposed location of the Navi Mumbai International Airport near Kopra Panvel.

Two alternatives have been mooted by MIAL in unveiled the master plan[20] for CSIA.

The first is an east-west runway parallel to the existing runway 09/27 on the southern side. With a length of 12,500 ft (3,800 m), this runway will easily accommodate the new-generation aircraft, and also be sufficiently distant (more than 800 feet (240 m) apart) from the existing runway; it would, however, necessitate the relocation of Air-India's hangars and maintenance facilities.

The other alternative is to construct the second runway parallel to the current cross runway 14/32 on the northern side, between the international terminal to the north and the Kalina campus university grounds. However, the airport's flight kitchens and the Sahar police station would have to be moved and the area to which they could be relocated is currently occupied by thousands of slum-dwellers.

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Terminal 1B Departures
Terminal 1C
Domestic arrivals
International Terminal 2
Rendering of Terminal 2

Terminals

The airport consists of three terminals:

  • Terminal 1, for domestic flights
    • This terminal currently has two terminals: 1A and 1B. 1C is a gates-only facility and can be reached from both 1A and 1B after security check. Check-in and security are all performed only in 1A and 1B.
  • Terminal 2, for international flights
    • All international flights, as well as domestic segments of international flights operate from Terminal 2
    • It is currently under redevelopment.
  • Cargo Terminal

Passenger airlines

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Arabia Sharjah 2
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2
Air India Ahmedabad, Aurangabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Gwalior, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Jamnagar, Jodhpur, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Lucknow, Madurai, Mangalore, Nagpur, Raipur, Rajkot, Ranchi, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Varanasi, Visakhapatnam 1A
Air India Abu Dhabi, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai, Dammam, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jeddah, London-Heathrow, Muscat, New York-JFK, Newark, Riyadh, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore 2
Air India Express Bahrain, Chennai, Delhi, Doha, Dubai, Kochi, Kozhikode, Mangalore, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli 2
Air Mauritius Mauritius 2
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur 2
All Nippon Airways
operated by Air Nippon
Tokyo-Narita 2
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2
Bahrain Air Bahrain 2
Bangkok Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Cathay Pacific Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong 2
Continental Airlines Newark 2
Delta Air Lines Amsterdam
Seasonal: Atlanta, Newark
2
EgyptAir Cairo 2
El Al Tel Aviv 2
Emirates Dubai 2
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 2
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
GoAir Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Chandigarh, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Jaipur, Jammu, Kochi, Leh, Nagpur, Nanded, Srinagar 1B
Gulf Air Bahrain 2
IndiGo Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Nagpur, Patna, Thiruvananthapuram, Vadodara 1B
IndiGo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai, Muscat, Singapore 2
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 2
Jagson Airlines Shirdi 1B
Jet Airways Ahmedabad, Aurangabad, Bangalore, Bhavnagar, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Bhuj, Chandigarh, Chennai, Delhi, Diu, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kochi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mangalore, Patna, Porbandar, Pune, Ranchi, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur, Vadodara, Visakhapatnam 1B
Jet Airways Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Colombo, Dammam, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai, Hong Kong, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kathmandu, Kuwait, London-Heathrow, Muscat, Newark, Riyadh, Singapore 2
JetLite Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Hyderabad, Indore, Jammu, Kozhikode, Kolkata, Lucknow, Nagpur, Raipur, Rajkot, Srinagar 1B
Kenya Airways Nairobi 2
Kingfisher Airlines Ahmedabad, Aurangabad, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bhavnagar, Bhubaneswar, Bhuj, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Hubli, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Jodhpur, Kandla, Kochi, Kolhapur, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mangalore, Nanded, Nasik, Patna, Ranchi, Thiruvananthapuram, Udaipur
Seasonal: Latur
1A
Kingfisher Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Dubai, Hong Kong, London-Heathrow, Singapore 2
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 2
Kuwait Airways Kuwait 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 2
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 2
Oman Air Muscat 2
Pakistan International Airlines Karachi 2
Qantas Singapore 2
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 2
Saudi Arabian Airlines Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh
Seasonal: Medinah
2
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
South African Airways Johannesburg 2
SpiceJet Agartala, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Jammu, Kochi, Kolkata, Madurai, Srinagar, Varanasi, Visakhapatnam 1B
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 2
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Yemenia Aden, Sana'a 2

Cargo airlines

Cargo Airlines operating at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport
Air Cargo Germany Air France Cargo Air India Cargo Aryan Cargo Express Atlas Air Blue Dart Aviation British Airways World Cargo
Cathay Pacific Cargo Deccan360 DHL Aviation Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Etihad Crystal Cargo FedEx Express Finnair Cargo
Jade Cargo International Kingfisher Xpress Lufthansa Cargo Midex Airlines Polet Airlines Qatar Airways Cargo Saudi Arabian Airlines Cargo
Singapore Airlines Cargo SriLankan Airlines Cargo Turkish Airlines Cargo UPS Airlines Uzbekistan Airways Cargo Volga Dnepr

Statistics

Top ten destinations by flight frequencies (weekly non-stop, one-way)
Domestic
Rank Destination Weekly non-stop flights
1 Delhi 430
2 Bangalore 187
3 Ahmedabad 129
4T Goa 120
4T Hyderabad 120
4T Chennai 120
7 Calcutta 105
8 Cochin 59
9T Jaipur 49
9T Nagpur 49
International
Rank Destination Weekly non-stop flights
1 United Arab Emirates Dubai 84
2 Thailand Bangkok 63
3 Singapore Singapore 48
4 United Kingdom London 42
5 Oman Muscat 32
6 Bahrain Bahrain 28
7 Saudi Arabia Riyadh 27
8T United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 21
8T Hong Kong Hong Kong 21
10 Saudi Arabia Jeddah 15

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport is the second-busiest airport in the Indian Subcontinent,[26] in terms of passengers carried per year and second-busiest in term of traffic movements.[27][28] The airport oficially handles 36 flights per hour and intends to increase this to 48.[29] The Mumbai-Delhi route was recently ranked by Official Airline Guide (OAG) as the seventh-busiest domestic route in the world, based on the number of flights per week. This airport, along with Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport, is the primary international gateway to India and served by approximately 50 international airlines. It is the primary hub for Jet Airways and GoAir and also serves as a secondary hub for a few other airlines, including Air India, IndiGo, JetLite, Kingfisher Airlines and SpiceJet. International traffic peaks late in the night, whilst peak domestic traffic is before 10:00. Nevertheless, at least 45% of traffic flows between 10:00 and 18:30 daily.

In July 2010, the Airport was ranked fourth best in the world for having aerobridges, fancy food courts, spas, and salons.[30] This airport, along with airports in Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, and Kolkata handles more than 50% of the passengers in India. In the eleven months between April 2006 and February 2007, it handled 180,000 landings and take-offs and over 20 million passengers, with a total of 13.56 million domestic air passengers and 6.73 million international passengers[dated info]. It registered a 21.28% growth in passenger traffic over the previous year 2005–06, when the figure was 17.6 million passengers[31][dated info]. In 2008, for the second year in a row, it was the world's most-delayed airport in terms of arrivals. Only 49.95% of arrivals were on time. About 58% of its late arrivals in 2008 were delayed by 30 minutes or more, although the delay in these arrivals is largely attributed to air congestion at a flight's origin.[32]

Airport services

Fixed base operators (FBO)

There are several fixed base operators at the airport and they include:

Caterers

  • Ambassador's Sky Chef
  • Chef Air
  • Oberoi Flight Services
  • Sky Gourmet
  • TAJ-SATS

Fuellers

Ground handlers

  • Cambata Aviation
  • Celebi-Nas
  • NACIL


Accidents and incidents

1950s

  • On 15 July 1953, a BOAC DH.106 Comet landed at the much smaller Juhu Aerodrome instead of Santacruz Airport (now Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport). The aircraft was flown out some nine days later.[33]
  • On 19 July 1959 Rani of Aera a Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation (registered VT-DIN) carrying 46 people (39 passengers and 7 crew) approached Santacruz Airport in conditions of poor visibility due to rain. The captain was using an altimeter with the barometric pressure set at 29.92". An overshoot was delayed and the aircraft crashed and suffered damage beyond repair. There were no fatalities.

1960s

  • On 28 May 1968, the pilot of a Garuda Indonesia Convair 990 mistook the much smaller Juhu Aerodrome for Santacruz Airport and tried to land his aircraft. It overshot the runway falling just short of the traffic road ahead and several residential buildings when its nose wheel got stuck in a ditch at the end of the runway. All passengers survived.

1970s

  • On September 9, 1970, BOAC 775 was flying from Sahar Airport to London Heathrow International airport with a stopover in Bahrain. It was hijacked by PFLP hijackers after taking off from Bahrain and diverted to Dawson's Field.
  • On 24 December 1972, Japan Airlines' Flight 472, operated by Douglas DC-8-53 landed at Juhu Aerodrome instead of Santacruz Airport. The aircraft overran the end of the runway and was damaged beyond economic repair.[34]
  • On 12 October 1976: a Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle had its right engine catch fire shortly after take off. The crew attempted to return, but fuel flow to the engine was not stopped. When the fire spread through the fuselage and the hydraulic system failed, the aircraft controls failed before landing. All six crew members and their 89 passengers were killed.
  • On 1 January 1978 Air India Flight 855 a Boeing 747-237B crashed into the Arabian Sea after take off from Mumbai, killing all on board (213 persons; 190 passengers, 23 crew).
  • On 4 August 1979: a Hawker Siddeley HS 748 aircraft was approaching Sahar International Airport (now Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport) at night and in poor weather when it flew into high terrain approximately 6 mi (9.7 km) from the airport, killing the four crew and their 41 passengers.

2000s

  • On 4 September 2009, Air India Flight 829 a Boeing 747-437 flying on the Mumbai-Riyadh route caught fire at the Airport. The fire started in number one engine while the aircraft was taxing to Runway 27 for take-off. An emergency evacuation was carried out with no injuries among the 228 people (213 passengers and 15 crew) on board.[35]
  • On 10 November 2009, Kingfisher Airlines Flight 4124, operated by ATR 72-212A VT-KAC skidded off the runway after landing. The aircraft suffered substantial damage but all 46 passengers and crew escaped unharmed.[36]

2010s

  • On 2 September 2011, Turkish Airlines Flight TK-720, from Istanbul, skid of the runway N8 after landing. No injuries were reported but the incident has been called "Serious" by an official and probing has been ordered.[37]

Awards and honours

  • Fourth Best Airport in the World(15-20 Million Passengers Annually), by the Airport International Council, for aerobridges, fancy food courts, spas, and salons.[30]
  • Best Airport in India by the Airport International Council, a body of operators who collectively manage over 1,600 airports worldwide.[7]
  • Best Airport in Public-Private Partnership by the Air Passengers Association of India (APAI)[38]
  • Aeronautical Excellence Airport of the Year 2008 from Frost & Sullivan[39]
  • First Airport in India to Implement Self-Service Kiosks and CUTE (Common Use Terminal Equipment) check-in systems.[40]

References

  1. ^ a b c Airport information for VABB at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for BOM at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  3. ^ "CSIA.in". CSIA.in. http://csia.in/knowyourairport/aboutcsia.aspx. Retrieved 2011-05-18. 
  4. ^ "Mumbai airport’s traffic control tower design bags award". Thaindian.com. 2009-07-21. http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/business/mumbai-airports-traffic-control-tower-design-bags-award_100221024.html. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  5. ^ "Mumbai Airport plans Rs 2,280 cr investment this fiscal". Business-standard.com. 2010-05-17. http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/mumbai-airport-plans-rs-2280-cr-investment-this-fiscal/94602/on. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  6. ^ http://csia.in/knowyourairport/aboutcsia.aspx
  7. ^ a b "ThaIndian". ThaIndian. 2008-05-18. http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/business/mumbai-airport-voted-best-in-india_10049866.html. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  8. ^ Saurabh Sinha, TNN, 10 July 2008, 03.54am IST (2008-07-10). "Delhi beats Mumbai to become busiest airport". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/Delhi_is_countrys_busiest_airport/articleshow/3216435.cms. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  9. ^ "Delhi's IGIA edges ahead of Mumbai's CSIA as country's busiest airport". Domain-b.com. 2008-09-01. http://www.domain-b.com/aero/airports/20080901_csia.html. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  10. ^ Travel Biz Monitor: Mumbai airport gets ready for new innings[dead link]
  11. ^ AAI traffic figures
  12. ^ "Bidvest.co.za". Bidvest.co.za. http://www.bidvest.co.za/. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  13. ^ "RAF Santacruz". www.rafweb.org. 9 January 2011. http://www.rafweb.org/Stations/Stations-S.htm. Retrieved 17-09-2011. 
  14. ^ "Santacruz to be developed". Flight Global. 19 May 1949. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1949/1949%20-%200920.html. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "Airfield, Santacruz". Hansard. 30 October 1946. http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1946/oct/30/airfield-santa-cruz. Retrieved 17-09-2011. 
  16. ^ "Indian Aviation". knowIndia.net. http://www.knowindia.net/aviation.html. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  17. ^ "city guide and fortnightly listing magazine ::::". Time Out Mumbai. http://www.timeoutmumbai.net/client_coverstory/client_coverstory_details.asp?coverstoyrcode=90&coverpage=true. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  18. ^ "Mumbai airport: What will it be like". Rediff.com. http://www.rediff.com/money/2008/jan/03mumbai.htm. Retrieved 2010-08-03. 
  19. ^ Pinglay, Prachi (2008-01-21). "NEWS.BBC.co.uk". NEWS.BBC.co.uk. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7195357.stm. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
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  21. ^ 25 March 2010 3:58PM (2010-03-25). "Mumbai Airport's $2.2bn makeover". The Australian. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/in-depth/mumbai-airports-22bn-makeover/story-e6frgaho-1225845361584. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
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