Australian architectural styles

Australian architectural styles, like the revivalist trends which dominated Europe for centuries, have been primarily derivative.

The Indigenous Australians were a largely nomadic people, so there was little indigenous architectural style or tradition to influence the ideas and knowledge that the British settlers brought with them when settling Australia from 1788.

During the nineteenth century, Australian architects were inspired by developments in England. This is in part due to a large number of architects coming from England to Australia to practice. In the twentieth century, American and International influences dominated. As Australia gradually became a multicultural nation in the late 20th Century, the influences of immigrants also became evident. Imported exotic styles earlier than this can be found in a small number of historically significant Joss houses and synagogues. In more recent times, other global and South-East Asian influences have had a minor influence on Australian architectural styles.

Some architectural styles show the direct influence of local factors such as climate (directly resulting in the "Filligree", "Queenslander" and "Federation Home" styles) and local materials and skillsets. Some Australian Architects were also seen at the forefront of various movements, particularly residential architects like Harry Norris, Roy Grounds, Robin Boyd, Frederick Romberg and Harry Seidler.

Australian Architectural Styles can divided into 2 main categories: "Residential" and "Non-Residential". Residential styles are the most prolific and account for the majority of the buildings constructed in Australia, however non-residential buildings display the greater variety of styles.

Australian architectural styles can be divided into two main types:
*Australian residential architectural styles 30,000 BCE - present
*Australian non-residential architectural styles 1788 - present

See also

* List of Australian architects

References

*

* "Ulrike Laule, Rolf Toman, Achim Bednorz - Architecture of the Middle Ages" - Background to the Gothic Revival style.
* "George Wilkie - Building Your Own Home" - Section on Architectural Styles
* http://www.geocities.com/asiedydd/styles.htm
* http://www.canberrahouse.com.au
* http://www.canterbury.nsw.gov.au/library/resource/resthous.htm#styles

External links

* [http://www.dropbearito.com/australian_architecture_satire Australian architectural heritage - satire] Interpreting paradise
* [http://eefoof.com/image/10137 Photo of St Paul's Cathedral taken from the steps of Flinders Street Station]
* [http://homedesigndirectory.com.au/articles/ArchitecturalStyles.shtml Australian residential architecture styles]


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