Henri Coandă International Airport

Bucharest Henri Coandǎ International Airport
Aeroportul Internaţional Henri Coandă
Otopeni Airport
Bucharest airports logo.png
Henri Coanda International Airport.jpg
IATA: OTPICAO: LROP
OTP is located in Romania
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OTP
Location of airport in Romania
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Compania Naţională Aeroporturi Bucureşti S.A.
Serves Bucharest, Romania
Location Otopeni, Ilfov
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 314 ft / 96 m
Coordinates 44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.085°E / 44.57111; 26.085 (Bucharest Henri Coandǎ International Airport)Coordinates: 44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.085°E / 44.57111; 26.085 (Bucharest Henri Coandǎ International Airport)
Website www.otp-airport.ro
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 3,500 11,484 Asphalt
08L/26R 3,500 11,484 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 3.5 11 Concrete
Statistics (2010)
Passengers 4,917,952
Aircraft movements 76,966
Source: Romanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[1]

Henri Coandă International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internaţional Henri Coandă) (IATA: OTPICAO: LROP) is Romania's busiest international airport, located 16.5 km (10.3 mi) northwest[1] of the city of Bucharest, within Otopeni city limits. One of two airports serving the Romanian capital, the other being Băneasa, it is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coandă, builder of Coandă-1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coanda effect of fluidics. Until May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internaţional Bucureşti Otopeni), which remains the name by which it is generally known. The military section of the airport is currently used by the 90th Airlift Flotilla of the Romanian Air Force. The airport is managed by Aeroporturi Bucureşti Company.

Contents

History

Bucharest OTP is TAROM's main base
OTP finger (International Departures)
Arrivals Hall

During World War II, the airport in Otopeni was used as an airbase by the German air force. Up to 1965, it was restricted for military use, and was one of the major bases of the Romanian Air Force, with a runway of 1200m. Before 1965, Băneasa Airport was the only airport that Bucharest used for commercial flights. However, with the growth of air traffic, a new commercial airport was constructed in the settlement of Otopeni, where the military air base used to be. The existing runway was modernised, extended up to 3500 m, making it one of the longest in Europe at that time (1965). Also, a new passenger terminal was constructed for domestic and international flights.

In the late 1960s, when President Nixon of the United States visited Romania, a new VIP lounge was created, and on 13 April 1970, the passenger terminal was updated to have a capacity of 1,200,000 passengers per year. The airport slowly became more and more used by airlines, with a growing number of passengers, and in 1986, it entered a new phase of development. A second 3500-metre runway was constructed, as well as related taxiways. The airport lighting system was improved and the capacity was increased to 35-40 airport movements per hour.

In 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI). In the same year a long-term, multi-stage upgrade plan was devised, anticipating a sharp increase in traffic as traveling restrictions to and from Romania were lifted. The first stage of the plan (Phase I), taking place between 1994 and 1999, involved the construction a new departures terminal and of a new airside concourse with 5 jetways and 9 gates (referred to as 'the Finger') as well as the extension of various airport ramps and of their associated taxiways. [2]

The second phase (labeled Phase II/IIe) of the plan led to the construction of a terminal dedicated to domestic flights and of a multi-story car park (2003), the complete overhaul of the control tower (between 2005-2007) as well as the transformation of the old terminal building in a dedicated arrivals hall (in 2000). During the same phase, two new high-speed taxiways (Oscar and Victor) were constructed. Phase II was completed in 2007.[3]

The third stage of the plan (Phase III), started in 2009, involves the extension of the airside concourse ('the Finger') to 24 gates and 14 jetways, as well as the expansion of Departure Hall and Arrivals Hall in order to raise the capacity of the airport to 6 million passengers yearly. The airside concourse was inaugurated on 29 March 2011.[4]

The airport has ILS CAT IIIb status on runways 08R and 08L.

Current and future development

The airport is currently undertaking Phase III of its development program, a €150 million investment, which consist of the expansion of Departure Hall, Arrivals Hall and the concourse. At the end of this phase (2012), the terminal will have a processing capacity of 4,500 passengers per hour.[5] Thus the airport's capacity is expected to raise to a total of 6 mil. passengers annually on both domestic and international routes.[6]

Beyond Phase III, a new terminal building (Henri Coandă 2), located at the Eastern end of the current location is envisaged. Henri Coanda 2 will be of a modular design, consisting of 4 separate buildings, each capable of individually handling 5 million passengers annually. Each module will be built as traffic demands will dictate. Thus, by 2023, Terminal 2 alone should be able to handle the 20 million passengers per year indicated by estimates.

The terminal will be connected to the future A3 Bucharest - Braşov motorway, to the railway system and to the Bucharest Metro system as M7 Line.[7]

Terminals, airlines and destinations

The airport's facilities consist of a single terminal with two main buildings (occasionally considered to be separate terminals). These two buildings are the Departures Hall (formerly known as International Departures Hall) and the Arrivals Hall (formerly known as International Arrivals/Domestic Hall).[8] The airline TAROM has its head office on the second floor of the Departures Hall.[9] A walkway with several shops connects the buildings.

The airport has one concourse (the so-called finger terminal) with 24 gates (of which 14 equipped with jetways) and passengers transit organized in two separate, Schengen/non-Schengen, flows.[10]

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Rhodos, Santorini
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aerosvit Airlines Kiev-Boryspil
Aerosvit Airlines
operated by Dniproavia
Kiev-Boryspil
Air Bucharest Athens, Bologna, Brussels, Cairo, Dubai
Seasonal: Abu Dhabi, Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kos, Luqa, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Varna, Zakinthos
Air Europa Charter: Tenerife-South
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta
Air Moldova Chişinău
Alitalia Milan-Linate, Rome-Fiumicino
Alitalia
operated by Air One Smart Carrier
Rome-Fiumicino
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Austrian
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Seasonal: Vienna
British Airways London-Heathrow
Carpatair Timisoara
Czech Airlines Prague
EasyJet Madrid
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw
Lufthansa Berlin-Brandenburg [begins 3 June], Frankfurt, Munich
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Eurowings
Düsseldorf
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich
Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest
Niki Vienna
Olympic Air Athens
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Pegasus Airlines
operated by IZair
Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha, Sofia
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Cimber Sterling
Copenhagen
Sky Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Zurich
Syrian Air Damascus
TAROM Amman, Amsterdam, Athens, Baia Mare, Barcelona, Beirut, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Chişinău, Cluj-Napoca, Dubai, Frankfurt, Iaşi, Istanbul-Atatürk, Larnaca, London-Heathrow, Lyon, Madrid, Munich, Oradea, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Sofia, Suceava, Târgu Mureş, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Timişoara, Vienna
Seasonal: Salzburg [begins 10 December]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Wind Jet Rimini

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
DHL Aviation Milano-Orio al Serio, Venice-Treviso
TAROM Cargo All destinations operated by TAROM
TNT Airways Liege
UPS Airlines operated by Farnair Switzerland Cologne/Bonn, Katowice

Services

Shopping area located inside the International Departures Hall

Services for passengers

The International Departure area hosts a variety of shops, cafes, lounges, Internet cafes and many more. There is also a chapel at the first level of the International Departures Hall. The facilities inside the airport are easily accessible for the persons with disabilities. Airlines distribute Romanian- and English-language newspapers at the departure gates.

Ancillary services

A business lounge.

The main handling agent in the airport is Globeground, the second being Menzies. The catering services are provided by Alpha Rocas [6].

Traffic and statistics

In 2010, Henri Coandă International received 4,917,952 passengers, an increase of 9.7% compared to 2009.[11][12] Together, both Bucharest's airports handled over 7 mil passengers in 2010.

OTP traffic
Year Passengers (total) Passengers (domestic flights) Aircraft movements Cargo
2005 3,031,719 53,350 16,887 tonnes
2006 3,513,576 58,053 18,089 tonnes
2007 4,978,587 410,916 70,588 17,423 tonnes
2008 5,064,230 497,208 71,137
2009 4,483,661 496,391 72,697
2010 4,917,952 76,966
Busiest routes at Henri Coanda Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(April 2011)
Airlines
Flag of Austria.svg Vienna Vienna Airport
44
Austrian Airlines, Niki, TAROM
Flag of Germany.svg Munich Munich Airport
41
Lufthansa, Lufthansa Regional, TAROM
Flag of France.svg Paris Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport
34
Air France, TAROM
Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul Ataturk Airport
34
TAROM, Turkish Airlines
Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
32
Lufthansa, TAROM
Flag of Romania.svg Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca International Airport
30
TAROM
Flag of Hungary.svg Budapest Budapest Airport
30
Malev, TAROM
Flag of Romania.svg Iași Iași International Airport
30
TAROM
Flag of Romania.svg Timisoara Traian Vuia International Airport
30
TAROM
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London London Heathrow Airport
28
British Airways, TAROM
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam Amsterdam Airport
28
KLM, TAROM
Flag of Spain.svg Madrid Madrid-Barajas Airport
22
Easyjet, TAROM, Vueling Airlines
Flag of Israel.svg Tel Aviv Ben Gurion International Airport
21
El Al, TAROM

Ground transportation

RATB Route 783 diagram (connections to Bucharest Metro lines shown)

Train

A direct train service to the main railway station, Gara de Nord, runs from the Airport train station, about 900 m from the airport. Shuttle buses connect this train station with the departures and arrivals halls and the tickets are valid both for the train and for the transfer bus.

The next phase of the airport's expansion aims to locate the train station in the airport itself.

Bus

Henri Coandă Airport is connected to the public transport company RATB system. The 780 route provides express bus service to Gara de Nord railway station in Bucharest and the 783 route provides express bus service to the city center.

Taxi

Henri Coandă Airport has pick-up locations for taxis. Taxis are licensed by the Department of Transportation but taxis licensed in Bucharest can also deliver to Henri Coandă Airport.

Car

The airport is 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of central Bucharest, to which it is connected by route DN1. The A3 motorway will connect the airport and the city, when finished.

Underground

Plans for a new subway line connecting Henri Coanda airport to the city center have been made. Construction of the new line is due to start in 2011.

In popular culture

  • Season 14 of The Amazing Race was filmed here during the first portion of the third leg. All of the nine teams present arrived at the airport on three separate flights before they completed the rest of the leg.

Picture gallery

References

  1. ^ a b EAD Basic
  2. ^ [1] (Romanian) Romanian Ministry of Transportation - Descriptive Note - Otopeni Airport Development Strategy
  3. ^ [2] (Romanian) Romanian Ministry of Transportation - Descriptive Note - Otopeni Airport Development Strategy
  4. ^ [3] (Romanian) Romanian Ministry of Transportation - Descriptive Note - Otopeni Airport Development Strategy
  5. ^ Bucharest Henri Coandă Airport - Development&Modernization - Phase III
  6. ^ Extensions to the Coandă Airport (Romanian)
  7. ^ [4] (Romanian) The Romanian Ministry of Transportation
  8. ^ Bucharest Otopeni Airport, the last frontier (Romanian)
  9. ^ "Participation Announcement To The Tender Procedure For Public Procurement - Information Technology Services." TAROM. 12 June 2008. Retrieved on 28 February 2010. "The headquarters of S.C. Compania Nationala de Transporturi Aeriene Romane TAROM S.A., placed in Otopeni, Calea Bucurestilor 224F, Ilfov County, Romania ( Henri Coanda International Airport-Bucharest, International Departures Terminal, 2nd Floor)."
  10. ^ [5] (Romanian)
  11. ^ .Passenger traffic on Bucharest airports in 2010
  12. ^ Passenger traffic up on Bucharest international airports in 2010

See also

External links



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