Landing Ship, Infantry
Landing Ship, Infantry (LSI) was a British term for a type of ship used to transport
infantryin amphibious warfareduring the Second World War
The LSI would take its cargo of infantry close to the target area. They would then transfer to
landing craft, such as the Landing Craft, Assault for the journey to the beach. A small LSI would be around 3,000 gross registered tons and could carry up to 800 troops. The largest LSI(L) could carry 1,800 and would need 20 or so landing craft for that number.
LSI were generally converted cross-channel ferries and other similar ships of that size [ [http://www.theheritagecoast.co.uk/historyfile/portland_and_weymouth/d_day/landing_craft.htm heritagecoast.co.uk] ] or converted passenger ships [ [http://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-40LSI-L-Royal%20Scotsman.htm Naval-histoty.net] ]
Conversion was accomplished by adding
davits for the landing craft plus some defensive armament such as 12-pounder guns and anti-aircraft guns such as the 20mm Oerlikon.
Post-war the US renamed their
Landing Craft, Infantryas "Landing Ship Infantry" - these were vessels that could beach and carried around 200 troops.
HMS Royal Scotsman- former passenger ship operating in Irish Sea
HMS Prince Charles
HMS Prince Leopold
HMS Monowaiformer ocean-going passenger ship
HMAS Manoora (1935)
Empire Battleaxeas HMS "Donovan"
Auxiliary Personnel Attack Ship(APA) - US term for similar ship
Notes and References
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