- Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
Infobox British Royalty|royal
name =The Prince Leopold
title =Duke of Albany
Duke of Albany
successor =Charles, Duke of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha
spouse =Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont
Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
full name =Leopold George Duncan Albert
titles ="HRH" The Duke of Albany
"HRH" The Prince Leopold
royal house =
House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
date of birth =birth date|1853|4|7|df=y
place of birth =
Buckingham Palace, London
date of christening =
28 June 1853
place of christening =
Buckingham Palace, London
date of death =death date and age|1884|3|28|1853|4|7|df=y
place of death =
place of burial =St George's Chapel, Windsor|
The Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany (Leopold George Duncan Albert;
7 April 1853– 28 March 1884) was a member of the British Royal Family, a son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Leopold was later created the Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence and Baron Arklow. He was diagnosed with haemophiliaas a baby, which later led to his death as an adult.
Leopold was born on
7 April 1853at Buckingham Palace, London. His mother was Queen Victoria, the reigning British monarch. His father was Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. During labour , Queen Victoria chose to use chloroformand thus sanctioned the use of anesthesiain childbirth, recently developed by Professor James Young Simpson. The chloroform was administered by Dr. John Snow. As a son of the British sovereign, the newborn was styled "His Royal Highness The Prince Leopold" at birth. His parents named him Leopold after his great-uncle, King Leopold I of the Belgians.
He was baptised in the Private Chapel of Buckingham Palace on
28 June 1853by The Archbishop of Canterbury, John Bird Sumner, and his godparents were his first cousin once-removed, The King of Hanover; his fourth cousin once-removed, Princess William of Prussia; his first cousin once-removed, Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge; and The Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (his maternal uncle by marriage).
Leopold inherited the disease of haemophilia from his mother, Queen Victoria, and spent most of childhood as a semi-invalid. Evidence exists Fact|date=June 2008 that Leopold also suffered mildly from epilepsy.
Education and career
In 1872, Prince Leopold, entered
Christ Church, Oxfordwhere he studied a variety of subjects. He left the university with an honorary doctorate in civil law (DCL) in 1876. Prince Leopold travelled in Europe and 1880, he toured Canadaand the United Stateswith his sister, Princess Louise, whose husband John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne was the Governor General of Canada. Incapable of pursuing a military career because of his illness, Prince Leopold instead became a patron of the arts and literature, and served as an unofficial secretary to his mother. Later he pursued appointments as Governor-General of both Canada and Australia, but was rejected in part due to his health problems.
Duke of Albany
Prince Leopold was created
Duke of Albany, Earl of Clarence and Baron Arklowon 24 May 1881[http://mypage.uniserve.ca/~canyon/peerage_titles.htm#Holders Yvonne's Royalty: Peerage] ] .
Prince Leopold, stifled by the desire of his mother, Queen Victoria, to keep him at home, saw marriage as his only hope of independence. Due to his haemophilia, he had difficulty finding a wife. Heiress Daisy Maynard was one of the women he considered as a possible bride. It has been suggested that he considered
Alice Liddell, the daughter of the Vice-Chancellor of Oxford for whom Lewis Carrollwrote Alice in Wonderland, though others suggest that he preferred her sister Edith. Leopold did become godfather of Alice's second son, who was named for him.
Leopold also considered his second cousin
Princess Frederica of Hanoverfor a bride; they instead became lifelong friends and confidantes.cite book|title=Prince Leopold: The Untold Story of Queen Victoria's Youngest Son|first=Charlotte|last=Zeepvat|publisher= Sutton Publishing|year=1998|id= ISBN 0750937912 ] Other brides he pursued included Victoria of Badenand Caroline of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
After rejection from these women, Leopold's mother stepped in to prevent what she saw as unsuitable possibilities. Insisting that the children of British monarchs should marry into other reigning Protestant families, Victoria suggested a meeting with Princess Helene Friederike, the daughter of Georg Viktor, reigning Prince of Waldeck-Pyrmont. On
27 April 1882, Leopold and Helena were married, at St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. Leopold and Helena enjoyed a happy (although brief) marriage. In 1883, Leopold became a father when his wife gave birth to a daughter, Alice. He died shortly before the birth of his son, Charles Edward.
Prince Leopold had
haemophilia, diagnosed in childhood and in early years had various physicians in permanent attendance, including John Wickham Legg. The Prince went to Cannes on doctor's orders in February 1884: joint pain is a common symptom of haemophilia and the winter climate in England was always difficult for him. His wife, pregnant at the time, stayed home but urged him to go. On 27 Marchhe slipped and fell in the Yacht Club in Villa Nevada, Cannes, in France, injuring his knee and he died in the early hours of the next morning, apparently from the effects of the morphine he had been given and the claretthat was served with his supper. He was buried in the Albert Memorial Chapel at Windsor. His posthumous son, Prince Charles, succeeded him as 2nd Duke of Albanyupon birth. In 1900, Charles Edward succeeded his uncle, Alfred, as Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Through Charles Edward, Leopold is the great-grandfather of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, the current King of Sweden.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
7 April 1853– 24 May 1881: "His Royal Highness" The Prince Leopold
24 May 1881– 28 March 1884: "His Royal Highness" The Duke of Albany
In 1856, at the age of three, Prince Leopold was granted a personal coat of arms — the arms of the kingdom, with an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony (representing his father), and all differenced by a label argent of three points, the first and third bearing hearts gules, and the second a cross gules. [ [http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/cadency.htm Heraldica – British Royalty Cadency] ]
style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
1= 1. Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
2= 2. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Victoria of the United Kingdom
4= 4. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
9= 9. Princess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf
Emil, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
George III of the United Kingdom
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld(= 8)
15= 15. Princess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf (= 9)
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
18= 18. Henry XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf
19= 19. Countess Caroline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg
Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
21= 21. Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
22= 22. Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
23= 23. Louise of Saxe-Gotha
Frederick, Prince of Wales
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Charles Louis Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow
Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld(= 16)
Duchess Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel(= 17)
30= 30. Henry XXIV, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf (= 18)
31= 31. Countess Caroline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg (= 19)
In the romantic comedy film, "
Kate & Leopold", the latter is a British Duke who goes to New York. He also holds the title Duke of Albany. However, his family surname is Mountbatten, the surname which only entered the royal family through the husband of the present queen. However, it was first borne by Leopold's niece. Bizarrely, the Leopold character is credited with having invented the passenger lift, and having a butler called Otis.
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