Lungo

Lungo is Italian for 'long', and refers to the coffee beverage made by using an espresso machine to make an espresso (single or double dose or shot) with much more water (generally twice as much), resulting in a "stretched" espresso, a "lungo".

A normal espresso takes from 18 up to 30 seconds to pull, and fills 25 to 30 millilitres, while a lungo may take up to a minute to pull, and might fill 50 to 60 milliilitres.

In French it is called "café allongé" [http://www.juraworld.com/fr/home_jura_world_of_coffee/about-coffee_jwoc/recipes-jwoc/recipes_detail.htm?reference=34809&checkSum=F05F9E23F575059A14EAEB10F80DFD0F] , in German "Verlängerter". [http://www.juraworld.com/home_jura_world_of_coffee/about-coffee_jwoc/recipes-jwoc/recipes_detail.htm?empty=ie52&reference=34809&checksum=F05F9E23F575059A14EAEB10F80DFD0F] A "caffè lungo" should not be mistaken for a "caffè américano", which is an espresso with hot water added to it. A "lungo" is less strong, but more bitter, because the additional hot water passing through the ground coffee extracts components that would normally remain undissolved. The more water is passed through the coffee grounds, the more bitter and watery the shot tastes. Conversely, using less water than normal produces a stronger, richer shot known as a ristretto.

As the amount of water is increased or decreased relative to a normal shot, the composition of the shot changes, because not all flavor components of coffee dissolve at the same rate. For this reason, a long or short shot will not contain the same ratio of components that a normal shot contains. Therefore, a ristretto is not simply twice as "strong" as a regular shot, nor is a lungo simply twice as weak. Moreover, since espresso is brewed under pressure, a lungo does not have the same taste or composition as regular coffee, even when made with the same ratio of water and ground coffee.

ee also

*Americano (coffee) - hot water added to espresso (in that order), famous in America.
*Long black - espresso added to hot water (in that order), famous in Australia.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lungo — Lungo, Isidoro del, s. Del Lungo …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lungo — Lungo, Isidoro del, s. Del Lungo …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • lungo — lungo, a (del lat. «longus»; ant.) adj. *Largo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • lungō- — *lungō , *lungōn, *lunga , *lungan schwach. germ., Neutrum (n): nhd. Lunge; ne. lung; Rekontruktionsbasis: an., ae., afries., as., ahd.; Etymologie: s. ing …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • lungo — lùn·go agg., prep., s.m. I. agg. FO I 1. che si estende orizzontalmente nello spazio o, anche, nel senso della dimensione la cui estensione è maggiore: un bastone lungo un metro, un tavolo lungo due metri e largo settanta centimetri Sinonimi:… …   Dizionario italiano

  • lungo — {{hw}}{{lungo}}{{/hw}}A agg.  (pl. m. ghi ) 1 Che ha una determinata lunghezza: la strada è lunga un chilometro | Che si estende nel senso della lunghezza: la strada è molto lunga | Cadere lungo disteso, col corpo interamente disteso a terra |… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • lungo — lungo1 agg. [lat. longus ] (pl. m. ghi ). 1. a. [che si estende in lunghezza: una l. fune ; abito l. ] ▶◀ ‖ esteso. ◀▶ corto. ● Espressioni (con uso fig.): avere la lingua lunga ▶◀ (fam.) chiacchierare, spettegolare. ◀▶ essere (muto come) una… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • lungo — A agg. 1. esteso, grande □ bislungo, oblungo □ (ling.) geminato CONTR. breve, corto 2. (di persona) alto, allampanato, longilineo CONTR. basso, piccolo 3 …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Lungo — Espresso Espresso (österreichisch auch Röster) ist eine aus Mailand stammende Kaffeezubereitungsart, bei der Wasser mit hohem Druck durch sehr fein gemahlenes Kaffeemehl gepresst wird. Das Verfahren ergibt einen konzentrierten Kaffee, auf dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lungo — lụn|go <Adv.> [ital. lungo < lat. longus = lang] (Musik): lange gehalten …   Universal-Lexikon


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