Sombor

Sombor
Сомбор
—  City  —
Old Town Hall in Sombor

Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Sombor within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°47′N 19°07′E / 45.783°N 19.117°E / 45.783; 19.117
Country Serbia
District West Bačka
Settlements 16
Government
 – Mayor Nemanja Delić
Area[1]
 – Municipality 1,178 km2 (454.8 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 – Town 48,749
 – Municipality 87,815
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 25000
Area code +381 25
Car plates SO
Website www.sombor.rs
Serbian Orthodox church

Sombor (Serbian Cyrillic: Сомбор, pronounced [sɔ̂mbɔr]) is a city and municipality located in northwest part of Serbian autonomous province of Vojvodina. The city has a total population of 48,749 (as of 2011), while the Sombor municipality has 87,815 inhabitants. It is the administrative center of the West Bačka District of Serbia.

Contents

Name and etymology

In Serbian, the city is known as Sombor (Сомбор), in Hungarian as Zombor, in Croatian as Sombor, in Bunjevac as Sombor, in Rusyn as Zombor (Зомбор), in German as Zombor, and in Turkish as Sonbor.

The older Hungarian name for the city was Czoborszentmihály. The name originates from the Czobor family, who were the owners of this area in the 14th century (The family name came from the Slavic name "Cibor"). The Serbian name for the city (Sombor) also came from the family name Czobor, and was first recorded in 1543, although the city was mentioned in historical documents under several more names, such as Samobor, Sambor, Sambir, Sonbor, Sanbur, Zibor, and Zombar.

An unofficial Serbian name used for the city is Ravangrad (Раванград), which means Flat Town in English.

History

The first historical record about the city is from 1340. The city was administered by the Kingdom of Hungary until the 16th century, when it became part of the Ottoman Empire. During the establishment of Ottoman authority, local Hungarian population left from this region. During the Ottoman administration, the city was populated mostly by ethnic Serbs.[3] It was called "Sonbor" during Ottoman administration and was a kaza centre in Sanjak of Segedin at first in Budin Province till 1596, and then in Eğri Province between 1596 and 1687.

In 1665, a well-known traveller, Evlia Celebi, visited Sombor and wrote: "All the folk (in the city) are not Hungarian, but Wallachian-Christian (Serb[4]). These places are something special; they do not belong to Hungary, but are a part of Bačka and Wallachia. Most of the inhabitants are traders, and all of them wear frontiersmen clothes; they are very polite and brave people." According to Celebi, the city had 200 shops, 14 mosques and about 2,000 houses.

Holy Trinity Square in 1941

Since 1687, the city was under Habsburg administration, and was included into the Habsburg Military Frontier. In 1717, the first Orthodox elementary school was opened. Five years later a Roman Catholic elementary school was opened as well. In 1745 Sombor was excluded from the Military Frontier and was included into Bacsensis County. In 1749 Sombor gained royal free city status. In 1786, the city became the seat of Bacsensis-Bodrogiensis County. According to 1786 data, the population of the city numbered 11,420 people, mostly Serbs.

According to the 1843 data, Sombor had 21,086 inhabitants, of whom 11,897 were Orthodox Christians, 9,082 Roman Catholics, 56 Jewish, and 51 Protestants. The main language spoken in the city at this time was Serbian, and the second largest language was German. In 1848/1849, Sombor was part of the Serbian Voivodship, a Serb autonomous region within Austrian Empire, while between 1849 and 1860, it was part of the Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat, a separate Austrian crown land. Sombor was a seat of the district within voivodship. After the abolishment of this crown land, Sombor again became the seat of the Bacsensis-Bodrogiensis (Bács-Bodrog, Bačka-Bodrog) County.

According to the 1910 census, the population of Sombor was 30,593 people, of whom 11,881 spoke the Serbian language, 10,078 spoke the Hungarian language, 6,289 spoke the Bunjevac language, 2,181 spoke the German language, etc.

Since 1918, Sombor was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia). Between 1918 and 1922 it was part of Bačka County, between 1922 and 1929 part of Bačka oblast, and between 1929 and 1941 part of Danube Banovina.

In 1941, city was occupied by the Axis Powers and annexed by Hungary. Many prominent citizen from Serbian community were interned and later executed. In 1944, Yugoslav partisans and Soviet Red Army expelled Axis forces from the city. Since 1944, Sombor is part of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina of the new Socialist Yugoslavia and of the socialist Serbia (since 1945). Today, Sombor is the seat of the West Bačka District.

Historical population of the town

  • 1961: 37,760
  • 1971: 44,100
  • 1981: 48,454
  • 1991: 48,993
  • 2002: 51,471
  • 2011: 48,749

Inhabited places

Map of Sombor municipality

Cities and villages

Sombor municipality includes the city of Sombor and the following villages:

Other suburban settlements

Demographics (2002 census)

Ethnic groups in the Sombor municipality

The population of the Sombor municipality is composed of:

Settlements by ethnic majority

Settlements with Serb ethnic majority are: Sombor, Aleksa Šantić, Gakovo, Kljajićevo, Kolut, Rastina, Riđica, Stanišić, Stapar, and Čonoplja. Settlements with Croat/Šokac ethnic majority are: Bački Breg and Bački Monoštor. Settlements with Hungarian ethnic majority are: Bezdan, Doroslovo, and Telečka. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Hungarian majority is Svetozar Miletić.

Ethnic groups in the Sombor town

The population of the Sombor town is composed of:

Culture

Building of former Sombor Norma where first civil school in Serbian language was established.
Carmelite monastery and church in the centre of the town.

Sombor is famous for its greenery, cultural life and beautiful 18th and 19th century center. The most important cultural institutions are the National Theater, the Regional Museum, the Modern Art Gallery, the Milan Konjović Art Gallery, the Teacher's College, the Serbian Reading House, and the Grammar School. Teacher's College, founded in 1778, is the oldest college in Serbia and the region.

Sombor's rich history includes the oldest institution for higher education in the Serbian language. The town is also home of numerous minority organisations, including the Hungarian Pocket Theater Berta Ferenc, the Croatian Society Vladimir Nazor, the Jewish Municipality and several other smaller organisations including German and Roma clubs.

There are two monasteries in this city:

Local media

Newspapers

  • Somborske novine[5]

TV stations

  • K-54
  • Spektar[6]
  • RTV Sreće[7]

Radio stations

  • Radio Marija (95,7)
  • Radio Sombor (97.5)[8]
  • Radio Fortuna (106.6)

Internet media

  • SOinfo.org [9]

Twin cities

Twin cities:

Regional cooperation:

See also

References

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sombor — Lema: Zeleni grad ( Ciudad verde ) Gobierno Alcalde (Gradonačelnik) Ayuntamiento (Skupština) Alcalde Dušan Jović …   Wikipedia Español

  • SOMBOR — (Hung. Zombor), city in N.W. Yugoslavia, in the district of Bačka, province of Vojvodina; part of the Austro Hungarian Empire until 1918. The first (registered) Jewish families came to settle in the mid 18th century. By the middle of the 19th… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Sombor — Sombor, Stadt, so v.w. Zombor …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sombor — Sombor, Stadt in Ungarn, s. Zombor …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Sômbor — m grad u Bačkoj, Vojvodina (Državna Zajednica Srbija i Crna Gora), nekoć važno središte bačkih Hrvata …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • Sombor — Sȏmbor m DEFINICIJA grad u Bačkoj 48.800 stan., Vojvodina, SR Jugoslavija, nekoć važno središte bačkih Hrvata ONOMASTIKA pr. (etnik): Sombórac (Vukovar, I Slavonija) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sombor — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sombor huppée. Sombor Сомбор …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sombor — Сомбор Sombor Zombor …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sombor — Original name in latin Sombor Name in other language Coborszentmihaly, Coborszentmihly, Gorad Sombar, Kiszombor, Mezozombor, Mezzombor, Nagy Zombor, Opstina Sombor, Optina Sombor, Schomburg, Sombor, Szentmihaly, Szentmihly, Zombor, somboleu,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Sombor — Sọmbor,   ungarisch Zọmbor [z ], Stadt in der westlichen Batschka, Provinz Wojwodina, in Serbien, Jugoslawien, 90 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 49 000 Einwohner; Textil , Leder , Nahrungsmittel , Elektroindustrie, Landmaschinenbau;… …   Universal-Lexikon

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