Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion

The Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of Communist Rebellion (zh-tp |t=動員戡亂時期臨時條款|p=Dòngyuán kānluàn shíqī línshí tiáokuǎn) was a series of temporary constitutional provisions passed by the National Assembly of the Republic of China on May 10, 1948 and gave President Chiang Kai-shek extended powers amid the height of the Chinese Civil War with the Chinese Communists. The provisions halted democratic processes and allowed the president and Vice President of the Republic of China to be exempted from the two-term limit. After the Chinese mainland was lost to the Communists and the government retreated to Taiwan in December 1949, these provisions were to remain in effect until the mainland could be recovered from the Chinese Communists. However, the tension of the Cold War era gradually subsided during the 1980s as "retaking the mainland" became less of a possibility and the National Assembly on April 22, 1991, resolved to abolish the Temporary Provisions. On April 30 of the same year, President Lee Teng-hui declared the Period of Communist Rebellion to be terminated as of May 1.


* [http://www.taiwandocuments.org/constitution07.htm History of Constitutional Revisions in the Republic of China]

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