An anvil is a manufacturing tool, made of a hard and massive block of stone or metal used as a support for
chiseling and hammering other objects, such as in forgingiron and steel items.
Anvils have been used since early
Bronze Agetimes by smiths of all kinds for metal work, although the tool was also used in much earlier epochs for stone and flintwork.
Anvils have recently lost their former commonness, as mechanized production requires more specialized components for
forging. They are still used by blacksmiths producing custom work, and by farriers.
The primary work surface of the anvil is known as the face. It is generally made of hardened steel and should be flat and smooth with rounded edges for most work. Any marks on the face will be transferred to the work. Also, sharp edges tend to cut into the metal being worked and may cause cracks to form in the workpiece. The face is hardened and tempered to resist the blows of the smiths hammer so the anvil face does not deform under repeated use. A hard anvil face also reduces the amount of force lost in each hammer blow. Hammers should never directly strike the anvil face as they may damage it.
The horn of the anvil is a conical projection used to form various round shapes, and is generally unhardened steel or iron. The horn is used mostly in bending operations. It also is used by some smiths as an aid in drawing out stock, "making it longer and thinner". Some anvils, mainly European, are made with two horns, one square and one round. Also, some anvils are made with side horns or clips for specialized work.
The step or pad, commonly referred to as the table, of the anvil is used for cutting, to prevent damaging the face by conducting such operations there, although most professional smiths shun this practice, as it can damage the anvil.
The hardy hole is a square hole into which specialized forming and cutting tools are placed. It is also used in punching and bending operations.
pritchelhole is a small round hole that is present on most modern anvils. Some anvils have more than one. It is used mostly for punching. At times smiths will fit a second tool to this hole to allow the smith more flexibility when using more than one anvil tool.
Types of anvil
There are many designs for anvils, which are often tailored for a specific purpose or to meet the needs of a particular smith or which originated in diverse geographic locations.
The common blacksmith's anvil is made of either forged or cast steel, tool steel, or wrought iron (cast iron anvils are generally shunned, as they are too brittle for repeated use, and do not return the energy of a hammer blow like steel). Historically, some anvils have been made with a smooth top working face of
hardened steelwelded to a cast iron or wrought iron body, though this manufacturing method is no longer in use. It has at one end a projecting conical "bick" ("beak", "horn") used for hammering curved work pieces. The other end is typically called the heel. Occasionally the other end is also provided with a bick, partly rectangular in section. Most anvils made since the late 1700s also have a hardy holeand a pritchel holewhere various tools, such as the anvil-cutter or hot chisel, can be inserted and held by the anvil. Some anvils have several hardy and pritchel holes, to accommodate a wider variety of hardy toolsand pritchels. An anvil may also have a softer "pad" for chisel work.
An anvil for a
power hammeris usually supported on a massive anvil block, sometimes weighing over 800 tons for a 12-ton hammer, and this again rests on a strong foundation of timber and masonryor concrete.
An anvil may have a marking indicating its weight, manufacturer, or place of origin. American made anvils were often marked in pounds. European anvils are sometimes marked in kilograms. English anvils were often marked in hundredweight, the marking consisting of three numbers, indicating
hundredweight, quarter hundredweight and pounds. For example, a 3-1-5,if such an anvil existed, would be 3x112 lb + 1x28 lb + 5 lb = 369 lb ~= 168 kg.
Cheap anvils made from inferior steel or cast iron which are unsuitable for serious use are derisively referred to as "ASOs", or "Anvil Shaped Objects". Some amateur smiths have used a piece of railroad track as a makeshift anvil.
Top quality modern anvils are made of cast or forged tool steel and are heat treated for optimum hardness and toughness. Some modern anvils are made mostly from concrete. While the face is steel, the horn is not and can be easily damaged. These anvils can be hard to recognize because the gray paint used is the same shade as the steel face. They tend to weight about half as much as a comparable steel anvil. Fact|date=August 2007
A metalworking vise may have a small anvil integrated in its design.
The word "anvil" derives from Anglo-Saxon "anfilt" or "onfilti", either that on which something is "welded" or "folded," cf. German "falzen", to fold, or connected with other Teutonic forms of the word, cf. German "amboss", in which case the final syllable is from "beat,", and the meaning is "that on which something is beaten" and has likely influenced the English word "emboss"Fact|date=June 2008.
"On the anvil" means any thing in the making, being created, in production etc.
Anvils in art and entertainment
Television and film
A typical metalworker's anvil, with horn at one end and flat face at the other, is a standard prop for cartoon gags, as the epitome of a heavy and clumsy object that is perfect for dropping onto the villain. This visual
metaphoris common, for example, in Warner Brothers' Looney Tunesand Merrie Melodiesshorts, such as those with Wile E. Coyote and Road Runner.
percussion instruments in several famous musical compositions, including:
Giuseppe Verdi: Il Trovatore, featuring the famous " Anvil Chorus"
Richard Wagner: Der Ring des Nibelungenin Das Rheingoldin Scene 3, using 18 anvils, and Siegfriedin Act I, notably Siegfried's Forging Song (Nothung! Nothung! Neidliches Schwert!)
Gustav Holst: Second Suite in F for Military Band, which includes a movement titled "Song of the Blacksmith"
Aaron Copland: Symphony No. 3 (Copland)
Arnold Bax: Symphony No. 3
William Walton: Belshazzar's Feast (Walton)
Edgard Varèse: "Ionisation"
Carl Orff: "Antigone"
Juan María Solare: Veinticinco de agosto, 1983and Un ángel de hielo y fuego
Howard Shore: The Lord of the Rings film trilogy
Albert Parlow: Anvil Polka and Strauss
Louis Andriessen: De Materie(Part I), which features an extended solo for two anvils
Fear Factory: "Body Hammer" which features the sound of a hammer striking an anvil as percussion.
Judas Priest: "Between The Hammer And The Anvil" which features the sound of a hammer striking an anvil for dramatic effect.
Johann Strauss II: Feuerfest Polka
* The Beatles: "
Maxwell's Silver Hammer" makes prominent use of the anvil. Beatles road manager Mal Evansplayed the anvil.
* Kansas: "On the Other Side" featured some use of the anvil. Kansas
violinist Robby Steinhardtplayed the anvil on the track.
Incus(bone in ear)
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Anvil — Pays d’origine Canada Genre musical Heavy metal Power metal Speed metal Thrash metal Années d activité … Wikipédia en Français
Anvil — (engl. für Amboss) steht für: Anvil (Band), kanadische Heavy Metal Band Anvil (Spiel Engine), Spiel Engine der Firma Ubisoft Anvil Mountain, Berg im San Juan County, Colorado, USA Operation Anvil steht für: Operation Anvil (Zweiter Weltkrieg),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Anvil — An vil, n. [OE. anvelt, anfelt, anefelt, AS. anfilt, onfilt; of uncertain origin; cf. OHG. anafalz, D. aanbeld.] 1. An iron block, usually with a steel face, upon which metals are hammered and shaped. [1913 Webster] 2. Anything resembling an… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
anvil — (n.) O.E. anfilt, a West Germanic compound (Cf. M.Du. anvilt, O.H.G. anafalz, Du. aanbeeld, Dan. ambolt anvil ) from *ana on + *filtan hit (see FELT (Cf. felt) (n.)). The ear bone so called from 1680s. Anvil Chorus is based on the … Etymology dictionary
Anvil — An vil, v. t. To form or shape on an anvil; to hammer out; as, anviled armor. Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Anvil — Anvil. См. Наковальня. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) … Словарь металлургических терминов
anvil — ► NOUN ▪ a heavy iron block on which metal can be hammered and shaped. ORIGIN Old English … English terms dictionary
anvil — [an′vəl] n. [ME anvelt < OE anfilt < an, ON + * filtan, to hit, beat < IE base * pel , to beat > (IM)PEL, FELT1] 1. an iron or steel block on which metal objects are hammered into shape 2. the incus, one of the three bones of the… … English World dictionary
Anvil — Проверить нейтральность. На странице обсуждения должны быть подробности … Википедия